The History Of The Internet And The Www Essay

This essay has a total of 1077 words and 6 pages.

The History Of The Internet And The Www

The History of the Internet and the WWW

1. The History of the World Wide Web-

The internet started out as an information resource for the government
so that they could talk to each other. They called it "The Industrucable
Network" because it was so many computers linked to gether that if one server
went down, no-one would know. This report will mainly focus on the history of
the World Wide Web (WWW) because it is the fastest growing resource on the
internet. The internet consists of diferent protocals such as WWW, Gopher (Like
the WWW but text based), FTP (File Transfer Protocal), and Telnet (Allows you
to connect to different BBS's). There are many more smaller one's but they are
inumerable. A BBS is an abreviation for Bullitin Board Service. A BBS is a
computer that you can ether dial into or access from the Internet. BBS's are
normally text based.

2. The Creator of the WWW-

A graduate of Oxford University, England, Tim is now with the Laboratory
for Computer Science ( LCS)at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology ( MIT).
He directs the W3 Consortium, an open forum of companies and organizations with
the mission to realize the full potential of the Web.

With a background of system design in real-time communications and text
processing software development, in 1989 he invented the World Wide Web, an
internet-based hypermedia initiative for global information sharing. while
working at CERN, the European Particle Physics Laboratory. He spent two years
with Plessey elecommunications Ltd a major UK Telecom equipment manufacturer,
working on distributed transaction systems, message relays, and bar code
technology.

In 1978 Tim left Plessey to join D.G Nash Ltd, where he wrote among
other things typesetting software for intelligent printers, a multitasking
operating system, and a generic macro expander.

A year and a half spent as an independent consultant included a six
month stint as consultant software engineer at CERN, the European Particle
Physics Laboratory in Geneva, Switzerland. Whilst there, he wrote for his own
private use his first program for storing information including using random
associations. Named "Enquire", and never published, this program formed the
conceptual basis for the future development of the World Wide Web. I could go on
and on forever telling you about this person, but my report is not about him.

From 1981 until 1984, Tim was a founding Director of Image Computer
Systems Ltd, with technical design responsibility. In 1984, he took up a
fellowship at CERN, to work on distributed real-time systems for scientific data
acquisition and system control.

In 1989, he proposed a global hypertext project, to be known as the
World Wide Web. Based on the earlier "Enquire" work, it was designed to allow
people to work together by combining their knowledge in a web of hypertext
documents. He wrote the first World Wide Web server and the first client, a
wysiwyg hypertext browser/editor which ran in the NeXTStep environment. This
work was started in October 1990, and the program "WorldWideWeb" first made
available within CERN in December, and on the Internet at large in the summer of
1991.

Through 1991 and 1993, Tim continued working on the design of the Web,
coordinating feedback from users across the Internet. His initial specifications
of URIs, HTTP and HTML were refined and discussed in larger circles as the Web
technology spread.

In 1994, Tim joined the Laboratory for Computer Science (LCS)at the
Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT). as Director of the W3 Consortium
which coordinates W3 development worldwide, with teams at MIT and at INRIA in
Continues for 3 more pages >>




  • Advantages and disadvantages of a Web Presence
    Advantages and disadvantages of a Web Presence Advantages and disadvantages of a Web Presence The World Wide Web is a World Wide Market. It is a new way of selling. More and more customers expect to find your product news and specifications on the web. But even on the Net, you have to advertise your product. Using Internet as a media to advertise your product is different from traditional media. Through Internet companies can be present all over the world. Using the web as an advertising tool is
  • Boeing case Study
    Boeing case Study Keeping Boeing Flying Higher and Higher Case Study Introduction Boeing has been building commercial airliners since 1927 with the first Boeing commercial jet airliner, the 7O7, introduced in l955. As discussed in the article on page 172 of the text. This success is even more remarkable when one realizes that the Boeing "Design/ Build" process had not changed very much during the past three decades. The system was antiquated, cumbersome, and inefficient creating production delay
  • WEB DESIGN
    Mr WEB DESIGN Introduction When the Internet and World Wide Web were first created, they were designed a research tools and for the distribution of information through information systems networks. But as the use of the Web has become increasingly more complex, the focus on Web pages and their design has initiated a number of major changes. Initially, static Web pages were common, but the focus in recent years has been on the development of dynamic Web pages which are linked to databases and all
  • UNIX
    UNIX “UNIX was the first operating system designed to run on ‘dissimilar’ computers by converting most hardware specific commands in machine language into an independent programming language called ‘C,’” Jon Wolfe writes in the Nashville Business Journal. (Wolfe 29) UNIX was the basis of AT&T’s telephone system and the government’s wide area network system. Then it became the basis of communication between engineers and scientists, and eventually the basis of communication for everyone worldwide
  • UNIX1
    UNIX1 “UNIX was the first operating system designed to run on ‘dissimilar’ computers by converting most hardware specific commands in machine language into an independent programming language called ‘C,’” Jon Wolfe writes in the Nashville Business Journal. (Wolfe 29) UNIX was the basis of AT&T’s telephone system and the government’s wide area network system. Then it became the basis of communication between engineers and scientists, and eventually the basis of communication for everyone worldwid
  • Ecommerce7
    ecommerce7 Εισαγωγή Για πολύ καιρό τώρα μεγάλες επιχειρήσεις χρησιμοποιούν το ηλεκτρονικό εμπόριο για να διεξάγουν τις μεταξύ τους χρηματοοικονομικές συναλλαγές . Η ανταλλαγή ηλεκτρονικών δεδομένων (EDI) σε ιδιωτικά δίκτυα άρχισε τη δεκαετία του 60 με πρώτες τις τράπεζες χρησιμοποιώντας ειδικά δίκτυα για ηλεκτρονική ανταλλαγή κεφαλαίων. Αν και πρόσφατα με την αυξανόμενη ενημερότητα και δημοτικότητα του Internet, το ηλεκτρονικό εμπόριο έρχεται να κατακτήσει τους καταναλωτές καθώς και τις επιχειρή
  • UNIX
    UNIX “UNIX was the first operating system designed to run on ‘dissimilar’ computers by converting most hardware specific commands in machine language into an independent programming language called ‘C,’” Jon Wolfe writes in the Nashville Business Journal. (Wolfe 29) UNIX was the basis of AT&T’s telephone system and the government’s wide area network system. Then it became the basis of communication between engineers and scientists, and eventually the basis of communication for everyone worldwide
  • My Philosophy
    My Philosophy From: rparson@spot.colorado.edu (Robert Parson) Newsgroups: sci.environment,sci.answers,news.answers Subject: Ozone Depletion FAQ Part I: Introduction to the Ozone Layer Followup-To: poster Date: 24 Dec 1997 20:49:01 GMT Organization: University of Colorado, Boulder Expires: Sun, 1 Feb 1998 00:00:00 GMT Message-ID: *67rsftue@peabody.colorado.edu* Reply-To: rparson@spot.colorado.edu Summary: This is the first of four files dealing with stratospheric ozone depletion. It provides sc
  • Unix
    Unix “UNIX was the first operating system designed to run on ‘dissimilar’ computers by converting most hardware specific commands in machine language into an independent programming language called ‘C,’” Jon Wolfe writes in the Nashville Business Journal. (Wolfe 29) UNIX was the basis of AT&T’s telephone system and the government’s wide area network system. Then it became the basis of communication between engineers and scientists, and eventually the basis of communication for everyone worldwide
  • Xml and java
    xml and java XML and Java Abstract Most web developers are intimately familiar with HTML, which is a language for presenting information on-screen so that it can be read by a human. A new markup language is rapidly gaining attention, however. XML allows for the presentation of information which can be read by a computer program. It is likely that the future of web development includes the creation of increasing numbers of programs, which make intelligent use of the data on XML-based web pages. A
  • Electrolux Acquiring Zanussi
    Electrolux Acquiring Zanussi Electrolux: The Acquisition and Integration of Zanussi 1) How would you describe the key characteristics of Electrolux and Zanussi in 1983, in terms of strategy, organization, capabilities, and performance? International acquisitions have become an extremely important vehicle for growth for multinational companies. In this case, and because of the particular industry in which Electrolux operated in, the trend of the whole appliance industry was facing a long period
  • India and ebiz
    india and ebiz INDIAN OVERVIEW The Indian private sector has already recognized the attractive economics of e-business. Clearly, the opportunity (and the need) for Indian businesses to get onto the e-business power curve is really quite high. Needless to add, that the potential exists. The size of the transactions over the net at Rs10 crore by the end of 1999 approximately, a piddling size when compared to the world, which is expected to cross 0 billion by the year 2002. Unlike in the past,
  • Computing History
    Computing History COMPUTING HISTORY In 1842 Babbage’s Difference Engine and the Analytical Engine Convinced his machine would benefit England, Babbage applied for and received one of the first government grants to build the difference engine. Hampered by nineteenth century machine technology, cost over runs, and the possibility his chief engineer was padding the bills, Babbage completed only a portion of the difference Engine before the government with drew its support in 1842, deeming the proj
  • HTML Language
    HTML Language HTML  Hypertext Markup Language HTML is the language for publishing hypertext on the World Wide Web. This scripting language can be created and processed by a wide range of tools, from simple plain text editors - to sophisticated WYSIWYG (What You See Is What You Get) authoring tools. HTML uses tags to structure text into headings, paragraphs, lists, hypertext links etc. A convenient way to automatically fix markup errors is to use the HTML Tidy utility. This makes the document e
  • The Internet Past Present and Future
    The Internet Past Present and Future Introduction This report describes the history of the Internet. The report shows how the Internet was started and outlines the progress the Internet has made over the years. The World Just Got Smaller The Internet is not as new as you may think; todays information super highway began as a bunch of converging footpaths in the 1960s. Many people credit the ARPAnet (the first computer network designed by the Advances Research Projects Agency) as the starting
  • Web Design
    Web Design Introduction When the Internet and World Wide Web were first created, they were designed a research tools and for the distribution of information through information systems networks. But as the use of the Web has become increasingly more complex, the focus on Web pages and their design has initiated a number of major changes. Initially, static Web pages were common, but the focus in recent years has been on the development of dynamic Web pages which are linked to databases and allow
  • XML Extensible Markup Language
    XML Extensible Markup Language XML: Extensible Markup Language The World Wide Web is in the process of undergoing a radical change that allows new services and opportunities to businesses and individuals. HTML - the HyperText Markup Language - is a language that is predominately used to generate most of the web sites available today. Now, however, Extensible Markup Language is in the process of replacing HyperText Markup Language as the most favored format. Extensible Markup Language will allow
  • Ecommerce
    ecommerce Electronic commerce includes almost any exchange of electronic data related to a business operation. In this discussion, I will be focusing on the use of the Internet for business transactions. Companies that use the Internet as their major source of income have a big concern about electronic commerce security to keep them successful in their online business. Although the technology exists to prevent almost all types of aggression, the nature of the Internet makes accomplishment of se
  • Hate Speech on the Internet
    Hate Speech on the Internet I. Hate Speech on the Internet Generally, hate speech receives constitutional protection and is not prosecuted that is why there are relatively few court cases addressing this issue on the Internet. For this reason, sites containing speech discriminating people because of their race or sexual inclinations are available on the Internet. These include the Ku Klux Klan, Nazis, White Socialist Party, Skinheads or Aryan Nation, for example, which speech is not d
  • Novell Network
    Novell Network As todays businesses increase in sizes, there is a more demanding need for an increase in security needs. Many businesses today have to answer the question of, When do I know that have too much security and which network system is more secure for my company? To answer this question many points of views have to immerge with the best compatible solution. Companies should consider involving many systems such as cost management, and security management system. Companies dont want
  • XML: Extensible Markup Language
    XML XML: Extensible Markup Language The World Wide Web is in the process of undergoing a radical change that allows new services and opportunities to businesses and individuals. HTML - the HyperText Markup Language - is a language that is predominately used to generate most of the web sites available today. Now, however, Extensible Markup Language is in the process of replacing HyperText Markup Language as the most favored format. Extensible Markup Language will allow the use and functionality
  • Part in India
    part in India Each of the three types of relationships implies a general class of product offering. The transaction-based relationship implies a single product; the technical advisory relationship accompanies product and service bundles; and partnership involves a theme-based array of products and services that change according to the customers stage of life. By this yardstick, the Insurance business is a typical case of the partnership-based approach. Any good agent would keep track of his cl
  • Costs and Benefits of Military Research and Develo
    Costs and Benefits of Military Research and Development The Costs and Benefits of Funding Military Research and Development Policy Introduction The central issues when evaluating the overall the United States research and development policy are the characteristics of a public good. A public good by definition is one that has a zero marginal cost of providing the good an additional person and from which individuals cannot be excluded. Research and development policy contributes to the level of k
  • Internet Censorship
    Internet Censorship "Inevitably, being an uncontrolled system, means that the Internet will be subjected to subversive applications of some unscrupulous users." (Kershaw) The concept of the Internet was created in answer to a strategic problem faced by the United States government during the Cold war era. A nuclear attack would easily disrupt a traditional computer network and hence make communication impossible. The solution was found in a new type of network. A network where all nodes would b
  • The Value of Physical Education to the Ancient Gre
    The Value of Physical Education to the Ancient Greeks and Romans The Value of Physical Education to the Ancient Greeks and Romans Throughout history, society has placed a different value on physical education and sport. The purpose of physical education has changed over different time periods and as a result of ever-changing socio-cultural events. Some civilizations use the practice of physical education to prepare for war, some for profit, and some for a general all-around development. Three a
  • Video on Demand
    Video on Demand Video on Demand Video on Demand (VOD) has been actively pursued for the past several years. VOD would accomplish three distinct purposes in terms of community service. These include interactive distance learning, video conferencing, and entertainment. While it is the first two, video conferencing and interactive distance learning, which would serve to the best advantage in terms of education and business; it is the last, entertainment which has the most appeal to the largest num
  • DHTML Lessons
    DHTML Lessons DHTML LESSONS Lesson 1 - Introduction What you should already know Before you continue you should have a basic understanding of the following: ,X WWW, HTML and the basics of building Web pages ,X Cascading Style Sheets ,X JavaScript If you want to study these subjects first, go to our Home Page DHTML does not exist ! DHTML is an abbreviation for the term Dynamic HTML . But DHTML is just a buzzword. DHTML does not exist. It is not a thing or a standard defined by the World Wide Web
  • Tim berners lee
    Tim berners lee Tim Berners-Lee graduated from the Queen\'s College at Oxford University, England, 1976. Whilst there he built his first computer with a soldering iron, TTL gates, an M6800 processor and an old television. He spent two years with Plessey Telecommunications Ltd Β (Poole, Dorset, UK) a major UK Telecom equipment manufacturer, working on distributed transaction systems, message relays, and bar code technology. In 1978 Tim left Plessey to join D.G Nash Ltd (Ferndown, Dorset, UK), whe
  • Mp3 piracy
    Mp3 piracy Executive summary It\'s only been about three years since a little known extension of an audio compression technique-MPEG-2 Audio Layer-3 or MP3-opened the door to being able to send large volumes of CD-quality music over the Internet by pack the equivalent of several commercial compact disks onto the equivalent of one CD platter (Lange 01). It also initiated the veritable floor of pirating activity by an underground community students and hackers. Hundreds of MP3 Internet sites sprun
  • Censorship
    Censorship Inevitably, being an uncontrolled system, means that the Internet will be subjected to subversive applications of some unscrupulous users. (Kershaw) The concept of the Internet was created in answer to a strategic problem faced by the United States government during the Cold war era. A nuclear attack would easily disrupt a traditional computer network and hence make communication impossible. The solution was found in a new type of network. A network where all nodes would be equal in s
  • Community Buliding
    Community Buliding Building Online Communities of Practice Foreword Information and communication technologies are developing at a breath-taking pace. They repre-sent the foundation of the coming Information Society which will establish completely new struc-tures in economy and society. This process is chiefly characterised by the globalisation of com-munication and of all activities linked to it. National frontiers are losing their significance. We are becoming global players, and services and
  • How Do You Feel?
    Dr. How Do You Feel? Emotional intelligence is starting to find its way into companies, offering employees a way to come to terms with their feelings -- and to perform better. But as the field starts to grow, some worry that it could become just another fad. From: Issue 35| June 2000 | Page 296 By: Tony Schwartz Illustrations by: Cynthia Von Buhler Appreciation, apprehension, defensiveness, inadequacy, intimidation, resentment. Twenty midlevel executives at American Express Financial Advisors ar
  • The History Of The Internet And The Www
    The History Of The Internet And The Www The History of the Internet and the WWW 1. The History of the World Wide Web- The internet started out as an information resource for the government so that they could talk to each other. They called it The Industrucable Network because it was so many computers linked to gether that if one server went down, no-one would know. This report will mainly focus on the history of the World Wide Web (WWW) because it is the fastest growing resource on the internet.
  • Financing Transport Projects
    Financing Transport Projects a href= http://www.geocities.com/vaksam/ Sam Vaknin\'s Psychology, Philosophy, Economics and Foreign Affairs Web Sites The role of government in facilitating transport projects is inevitable. But governments are monopolists and largely cannot be trusted with the efficient allocation of resources, not to mention the problem of corruption. So, the less the state is involved the better off everyone is. Transport has gone a full circle. Until the beginning of the 17th ce
  • Technology
    Technology Tim Berners-Lee must feel like he\'s in a time warp. In the early 1990s, he spent a frustrating year trying to get people to grasp the power and beauty of his idea for a scheme known as an Internet hypertext system, to which he gave the beguiling name the World Wide Web. But since the Web didn\'t yet exist, most people couldn\'t imagine the implications of what he was talking about. Berners-Lee persevered, and with the help of the few people who shared his vision, his invention became
  • Tech Today
    Tech Today Tim Berners-Lee must feel like he\'s in a time warp. In the early 1990s, he spent a frustrating year trying to get people to grasp the power and beauty of his idea for a scheme known as an Internet hypertext system, to which he gave the beguiling name the World Wide Web. But since the Web didn\'t yet exist, most people couldn\'t imagine the implications of what he was talking about. Berners-Lee persevered, and with the help of the few people who shared his vision, his invention became
  • Censorship
    Censorship Censorship and the Internet Biram Mboob London School of Economics B.mboob@lse.ac.uk Inevitably, being an uncontrolled system, means that the Internet will be subjected to subversive applications of some unscrupulous users. (Kershaw) The concept of the Internet was created in answer to a strategic problem faced by the United States government during the Cold war era. A nuclear attack would easily disrupt a traditional computer network and hence make communication impossible. The solut
  • Internet censorship
    internet censorship Inevitably, being an uncontrolled system, means that the Internet will be subjected to subversive applications of some unscrupulous users. (Kershaw) The concept of the Internet was created in answer to a strategic problem faced by the United States government during the Cold war era. A nuclear attack would easily disrupt a traditional computer network and hence make communication impossible. The solution was found in a new type of network. A network where all nodes would be e
  • Internet
    internet The Internet was the result of some visionary thinking by people in the early 1960s who saw great potential value in allowing computers to share information on research and development in scientific and military fields. J.C.R. Licklider of MIT, first proposed a global network of computers in 1962, and moved over to the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA) in late 1962 to head the work to develop it. Leonard Kleinrock of MIT and later UCLA developed the theory of packet swit
  • Asian Financial Crisis
    Asian Financial Crisis In the summer of 1997, an economic and currency crisis rocked the Asian markets. One by one, Southeast Asian countries such as Thailand, Indonesia, Korea and Japan saw their economies crash in the wake of heavy foreign investment. An economic boom had made the region an attractive investment opportunity for much of the 1990s. By 1997, however, domestic production and development had stalled, and foreign investors grew nervous. A divestment run on the Thai baht triggered th
  • Censorship
    Censorship Inevitably, being an uncontrolled system, means that the Internet will be subjected to subversive applications of some unscrupulous users. (Kershaw) The concept of the Internet was created in answer to a strategic problem faced by the United States government during the Cold war era. A nuclear attack would easily disrupt a traditional computer network and hence make communication impossible. The solution was found in a new type of network. A network where all nodes would be equal in s
  • Marketing Plan
    Marketing Plan Table of Contents Page 1.0 Executive Summary 3 2.0 Situation Analysis 3 2.1 Overview 3 2.2 Current Market Situation 4 2.3 SWOT analysis 5 2.3.1 Strengths 5 2.3.2 Weaknesses 6 2.3.3 Opportunities 7 2.3.4 Threats 7 2.3.5 Keys to success 8 3.0 Objectives 8 4.0 Marketing Strategy 9 4.1 Overview 9 4.2 Mission 9 4.3 Target segment 9 4.4 Positioning 10 4.5 Communication Program 10 5.0 Action Program 11 6.0 Expenses Forecast 12 7.0 Implementation Controls 13 1.0 Executive Summary The cons
  • Software Piracy
    Software Piracy Software Piracy What is Software Piracy The PC industry is just over 20 years old. In those 20 years, both the quality and quantity of available software programs have increased dramatically. Although approximately 70% of the worldwide market is today supplied by developers in the United States, significant development work is occurring in scores of nations around the world. But in both the United States and abroad, unauthorized copying of personal computer software is a serious
  • Censorship
    Censorship Inevitably, being an uncontrolled system, means that the Internet will be subjected to subversive applications of some unscrupulous users. (Kershaw) The concept of the Internet was created in answer to a strategic problem faced by the United States government during the Cold war era. A nuclear attack would easily disrupt a traditional computer network and hence make communication impossible. The solution was found in a new type of network. A network where all nodes would be equal in s
  • Biotechnology
    Biotechnology Biotechnology: Its application in agriculture Β· Introduction: Persuade public to become aware of the changes Persuade audience to think about where they stand on this very important issue and take action according to your decision. Labeling and careful regulation of genetically manufactured foods v Persuade the American Public to think about the following changes that are being made in Agriculture as a society wish should discuss the issue. v Control genetic technology, Persuade p
  • Censorship
    Censorship Censorship and the Internet Biram Mboob London School of Economics B.mboob@lse.ac.uk Inevitably, being an uncontrolled system, means that the Internet will be subjected to subversive applications of some unscrupulous users. (Kershaw) The concept of the Internet was created in answer to a strategic problem faced by the United States government during the Cold war era. A nuclear attack would easily disrupt a traditional computer network and hence make communication impossible. The solut
  • Censorship
    Censorship Inevitably, being an uncontrolled system, means that the Internet will be subjected to subversive applications of some unscrupulous users. (Kershaw) The concept of the Internet was created in answer to a strategic problem faced by the United States government during the Cold war era. A nuclear attack would easily disrupt a traditional computer network and hence make communication impossible. The solution was found in a new type of network. A network where all nodes would be equal in s
  • The Secret Service
    The Secret Service The Secret Service was created in 1865 as a federal law enforcement agency within the Treasury Department. It derives its legal authority from Title 18, United States Code, Section 3056. It was established for the express purpose of stopping counterfeiting operations which had sprung up in this country following the introduction of paper currency during the Civil War (Treasury, 2002, Online). The Secret Service maintains its role as guardian of the integrity of our currency, b
  • Financing Transport Projects
    Financing Transport Projects Sam Vaknin\'s Psychology, Philosophy, Economics and Foreign Affairs Web Sites The role of government in facilitating transport projects is inevitable. But governments are monopolists and largely cannot be trusted with the efficient allocation of resources, not to mention the problem of corruption. So, the less the state is involved the better off everyone is. Transport has gone a full circle. Until the beginning of the 17th century it was largely privately financed.
  • IT Industry in Pakistan
    IT Industry in Pakistan EXECUTIVE SUMMARY PIM undertook the preparation of this report with the conviction that Information Technology truly holds the potential to act as an enabler of economic revival and growth especially for countries like Pakistan. We are also painfully aware that Pakistan has lagged dangerously behind other regional countries in exploiting Information Technology as a catalyst for economic revival. However we feel that the explosive growth of the Internet and the coming tida