THE HISTORY OF THE UNIVERSITY OF ATHENSGREECE Essay

This essay has a total of 491 words and 4 pages.


tHE HISTORY OF THE UNIVERSITY OF ATHENSGREECE





tHE HISTORY OF THE UNIVERSITY OF ATHENS-GREECE


The University of Athens was inaugurated on 3 May 1837 and was housed in the residence of
architect Stamatis Cleanthes, on the north east side of the Acropolis. It was the first
University not only in the newly-established Greek State but in all the Balkans and the
Eastern Mediterranean in general.


The "Othonian University", as it was called before taking its present name, "National and
Capodistrian University of Athens", consisted of four Faculties, Theology, Law, Medicine
and Arts (which included applied sciences and mathematics) It had 33 professors, 52
students and 75 non-matriculated "auditors".


New Classes began in a new building which designed by Danish architect Christian Hansen,
in November 1841. At the same time as the Main University Building was being erected, work
was also in progress on the library, the scientific collections, the laboratories and the
annexes essential for the teaching and training of the students. By 1840 fifteen thousand
volumes had been donated or purchased for the library.

A major change in the stucture of the university came about in 1904, when the Faculty of
Arts was split into two separate Faculties : that of Arts and that of Sciences, the latter
consisting of the departments of Physics and Mathematics and the School of Pharmacy. In
1919 a department of Chemistry was added, and in 1922 the school of Pharmacy was renamed a
Department. A further change came about when the School of Dentistry now Department of was
added to the Faculty of Medicine.

In this first and "heroic" period for Greek education, the professors of the University
made superhuman efforts to bridge rhe gap between their newly founded institution and
equivalent ones in advanced countries with centuries of tradition behind them.

In the meantime, the number of students was rising. From 52 in 1837 enrolment reached 3358
in 1866 and calculations inticate that as a proportion of the Greek State the students
represented a percentage higher than and sometimes in excess of that in the European
states twenty years laterand ten times greater than that of other Balkan states and
Russia.

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