The New Deal2 Essay

This essay has a total of 939 words and 5 pages.

The New Deal2

All countries and civilizations throughout history have been run with some form of
government or leadership. Whether the governing body is ruled by a tyrant, monarchy,
democracy, or even a tsar, the body has certain responsibilities and jobs. In any given
country, the role of the government varies according to the state of the country and the
desires of the people in it. During different time periods in American history, the people
have expected different things from their government according to the situation. Between
the 1920’s and 1930’s, our nation’s perceptions of the role of government, its powers, and
responsibilities went from wanting the government to keep out of business and the economy
to seeking change and governmental actions.

With the inauguration of Warren G. Harding, the 1920’s were staged to be a “Return to
Normalcy.” Between the ruling of Harding and Calvin “Cool Cal” Coolidge, America founds
its way back to regularity. The country prospered from new inventions and technology along
side with the laissez-faire styles of governing brought by Harding and Coolidge; “... the
1920’s presidents viewed the role of government as a passive servant of business rather
than as an active regulator...”# President Coolidge said: “The business of America is
business,” meaning that the economy was doing fine and did not need many if any
regulations. This led to good relationships between large businesses, government, and the
people of America as shown in this quote: “With the upsurge in prosperity, most Americans
shed their fears of big business and ceased complaining about the depredations of large
corporations.”# This protection occurred not only from the executive branch, but also by
the legislative branch; “The U.S. Supreme Court was dominated by conservative jurists
during the 1920’s... Many of its decisions protected business from rigorous regulation,
weakened trade unions, and nullified social legislation.”# Some great inventions that came
along with the twenties were: the automobile, sound movies, the telephone, electric power
and lights, and the radio. Everything in America seemed to be going proficiently, well at
least for the time being.

Herbert Hoover entered the White House at a time of great prosperity, however, he did not
know that by the end of his term the state of the country would be quite reversed. It was
during Herbert Hoovers presidency that America entered the great depression. What is now
known as Black Thursday (October 24, 1929) led to the infamous ‘crash of ’29’ on the
following Tuesday, October 29. The stock market crash was essentially what led to the
depression. Herbert Hoover and his continuation of Coolidge’s laissez-faire type
government failed to regulate the economy and business; “Hoover, eschewing laissez-faire,
accepted governmental responsibility for reviving the economy and saving the capitalist
system... Hoover’s anti-depression program not only failed to generate economic recovery,
it failed to even arrest the downward spiral of the business cycle.”#

It was at this time of great depression that the attitudes of Americans towards the roles
of government changed the most. They needed a leader who could make things happen and turn
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