The Patriot Act Essay

This essay has a total of 2810 words and 14 pages.

The Patriot Act

The USA PATRIOT Act
The United States of America is a country that is based upon a principle of balancing the
rights of an individual, while still preserving public order. The U.S. Constitution
(specifically the Bill of Rights) guarantees every American certain Individual rights.
Some of these rights include; freedom from unreasonable search and seizures, a right to
due process of law, and protection against cruel and unusual punishment (The 4th, 5th and
8th Amendments). Historically the criminal justice system has preserved these rights of
peopled accused of crimes. However on September 11, 2001, the United States became the
victim of the largest terrorist attack the World has ever seen. According to Schmalleger
in 2003, that attack cost almost three thousand people their lives, and an estimated two
trillion dollars in damages. However since September 11 2001, several critics have claimed
that the United States of America no longer protects these rights. They argue that the
United and Strengthening America by Providing Appropriate Tools Required to Intercept and
Obstruct Terrorism (USA PATRIOT ACT) Act of 2001, violates the rights of suspected
terrorists, and those of every single American. Supporters of the USA PATRIOT Act argue
that the bill has been vital in arresting suspected terrorists, and it has helped deter
future terrorist attacks.

The Uniting and Strengthening America by Providing Appropriate Tools Required to Intercept
and Obstruct Terrorism ACT of 2001, was signed into law on


The USA PATRIOT ACT 3
October 26, 2001, shortly after the September 11th attacks. The act was passed in a direct
response to the attacks, as a way for Law Enforcement to combat and deter terrorism.
Schmalleger (2003) on page 8 summarizes the USA PATRIOT ACT. "A federal law (Public Law
107-56) enacted in response to terrorist attacks on the World Trade Center and the
Pentagon occurring on September 11, 2001. The Law, officially titled the Uniting and
Strengthening America by Providing Appropriate Tools Required to Intercept and Obstruct
Terrorism Act, substantially broadens the investigative authority of Law enforcements
agencies throughout America and is applicable to many crimes other than terrorism."

Shmalleger (2003) in pages 300-301 further listed specific sections of the act that law
enforcement can use to investigate terrorist activities. "Title II-Enhanced Surveillance
Procedures Sec. 203. Authority to share Criminal Investigative Information. (b) Authority
to share electronic, wire, and oral interception information. (6) Any investigative or law
enforcement officer, or attorney for the Government, who by any means authorized by this
chapter, has obtained knowledge of the contents of any wire, oral, or electronic
communication, or evidence derived there from, may disclose such contents to any other
Federal Law Enforcement , intelligence, protective, immigration, national defense, or
national security official to the extent that such contents include foreign intelligence
information, to assist the official who is to receive that information in the performance
of his duties." This allows for a better sharing of information among the different
division of federal, state and local law enforcement nationwide. In a large scale criminal
investigation, proper communication and information sharing is vital. This act

The USA PATRIOT ACT 4
has allowed information to be disseminated to law enforcement agencies throughout the
country, so they can effectively work together towards the goal of arresting terrorists,
and preventing another terrorist attack. Another section of the USA PATRIOT ACT that
Schmalleger (2003) quotes is Sec. 213. Authority for Delaying notice of the Execution of a
Warrant. "With respect to the issuance of any warrant or court order under this section,
or any other rule of law, to search for and seize any property or material that
constitutes evidence of a criminal offense in violation of the laws of the United States,
any notice required, or that may be given may be delayed if (1) the court finds reasonable
cause to believe that providing immediate notification of the execution of the warrant may
have an adverse result. (2) The warrant prohibits the seizure of any tangible property,
any wire or electronic communication, or, except as expressly provided in chapter 121, any
stored wire or electronic information, except where the court finds reasonable necessity
for the seizure ;and (3) the warrant provides the giving of such notice within a
reasonable period of its execution."

This section of the USA PATRIOT Act is a very important tool for investigations suspected
terrorist activities. When a law enforcement officer investigating terrorist activity
obtains the probable cause necessary for a search warrant, and is granted a search warrant
by the courts, the officer can execute the search with out having to give notification of
the warrant. This act also says that the officer does not have to immediately leave a
return of warrant, if the structure being searched is vacant. This would allow the officer
to perform surveillance on the area that was already searched, for a reasonable amount of
time, for evidence of further terrorist activity. This also allows

The USA PATRIOT ACT 5
for evidence of terrorist activity to be collected, without letting the suspected
terrorists know that they are being investigated. However the USA PATRIOT act does say
that notification of the search warrant must be made within a reasonable time, as
determined by the court. Section 219 of the USA PATRIOT Act also grants a Federal
Magistrate judge in any district the authority to grant a search warrant for suspected
terrorist activities for the district the serve, or any other district.

Schmalleger (2003) on page 301 also quotes section 216 of the USA PATRIOT Act, which
authorizes the use of pen registers and trap and trace devices, in investigating criminal
activity. "(1) Attorney for the government. Upon an application made under section 3122
(a)(1), the court shall enter an ex parte order authorizing the installation and use of a
pen register or trap and trace device anywhere within the United States, if the court that
the attorney for the Government has certified to the court that the information likely to
be obtained by such installation and use is relevant to an ongoing criminal
investigation." This section of the USA PATRIOT Act allows law enforcement to install
devices called pen registers, which can recorded that number that a phone dials, but not
the content of the call. The device can also monitor a computer's internet use. This act
allows law enforcement the ability to use these devices anywhere in the country, to
investigate criminal activity. Law enforcement however must have probable cause for the
federal court to authorize the use of these devices however. In the 21st century phone
lines, and the internet are being used worldwide for communication, this gives law
enforcement a very valuable tool to monitor communication between potential terrorists'
cells. This ability to find out who the suspected terrorists are communicating with, and

The USA PATRIOT ACT 6
where could be invaluable in deterring another attack. The information gathered from the
pen registers could indicate if a potential terrorist has purchased an air line ticket, or
enrolled in aviation courses, or is searching for blue prints or lay outs of potential
targets.

The USA PATRIOT Act is also a controversial, and often criticized anti-terrorist
legislation. The main criticisms of the USA PATRIOT Act are, the Invasion of privacy of
citizen's, especially a portion of the act that requires book stores and libraries to
monitor the reading habits of suspected terrorist, and the allegations of abuse of people
detained as suspected terrorists. Taylor (2003) explained some of the major criticisms of
the USA PATRIOT ACT. "The Patriot Act's most criticized provision, for so-called roving
wiretaps, merely allows investigators to "track a terrorist, instead of having to get
multiple warrants for every phone the guy uses," Mr. Corallo explained. Still, critics
say, the reason so many communities are denouncing the Patriot Act is because they believe
the measure - passed in the wake of the September 11attacks - vastly expands the power of
federal investigators, not only for investigating terrorism suspects, but also for probing
into the lives of ordinary Americans. Timothy H. Edgar, the legislative counsel for the
American Civil Liberties Union, said that a far more frightening provision of the Patriot
Act is one that ‘allows investigators to sneak into your house with a warrant and
conduct a search and not notify you until much later, if at all." Taylor (2003) further
goes on to explain, "Most of the resolutions being signed against the act, condemn its
provisions that compel libraries and bookstores to assist federal investigators in
monitoring the reading habits of suspects." Taylor (2003) also states a report from the
American Civil Liberties Union (ALCU) that the PATRIOT ACT allows government access to
highly personal

The USA PATRIOT ACT 7
documents. "Further, according to a report issued this month by the ACLU, the act gives
the FBI "access to highly personal ‘business records' including financial, medical,
mental health, library and student records, with no meaningful judicial oversight." Taylor
(2003) also noted that 165 cities around the nation have enacted resolutions condemning
the PATRIOT ACT. "About 165 communities nationwide have passed resolutions condemning the
USA PATRIOT Act."

The USA PATRIOT Act is also being criticized for violating the rights of immigrants, and
accusations of abuse of people detained as suspected terrorists. According to an article
from the Associated Press ("Patriot Act Complaints Reviewed" 2003), "The Justice
department found that 34 claims were credible of more that 1,000 civil rights and civil
liberties complaints stemming from anti-terrorism efforts, including allegations of
intimidation and false arrest." The Associated Press(2003) article gave several specific
examples of the civil liberties complaints made by people detained as a result of the
PATRIOT ACT. A Muslim inmate claimed that an officer instructed him to remove his shirt,
so the officer could shine shoes with it. Another prison inmate claimed that a prison
doctor told him "If I was in charge I would execute every one of you…because of the
crimes you did." This Associated Press (2003) article reported that this claim was
substantiated by the Justice Department. There are other allegations of prison guards
being rude to detainees, and investigators planting evidence in the homes of suspected
terrorists. "The FBI was accused of illegally searching an Arab-American's apartment,
vandalizing it and seizing property, later to return ‘to plant drugs in the
complainant's home,' the report says."(Associated Press 2003).

The USA PATRIOT ACT 8
The Associated Press (2003) article also quoted Anthony Romero, executive director of the
ACLU, "There was a pattern of violating immigrants' rights by the Justice Department after
the Sept. 11, 2001, attacks."

Continues for 7 more pages >>




  • Hotline
    hotline The Hotline Connect software suite enables Server communities on personal computers worldwide that combined, comprise the Hotline Network. Hotline Communications cannot, and does not, monitor, track or control the activity or content on Hotline Servers outside the Hotline Network, and as such, does not guarantee the accuracy, integrity or quality of such activity or content. Hotline Communications does, however, extend the following Usage Policy to all users, including those users on Ser
  • Intro to ecommerce
    intro to ecommerce E-commerce an Introduction In the broadest sense, electronic commerce (e-commerce), is the buying and selling of products and services over the Internet. It has included the handling of purchase transactions and funds transfers over computer networks. According to the Forrester Research Study "Sizing Intercompany Commerce," total U.S business-to-business Internet trade in 1998 is .7 billion, compared to a total global e-commerce of .8 billion, dramatically increasing from
  • Pentium III disturbs Privacy
    Pentium III disturbs Privacy The recent release of the Intel Pentium III has consumers as well as businesses concerned about the privacy of the computer world. The controversial issue is a feature in the Pentium III chip known as a Processor Serial Number or PSN. It identifies individual machines connected to the internet by way of a unique number embedded in the chip. According to Intel the PSN will be used to identify users in electronic commerce and other net-based applications. The PSN will
  • Privacy and Information Technology
    Privacy and Information Technology Geoffrey Graves MG3700 Mid Term Exam 4/24/2000 Part I 1.) In order to produce an upwards swing in revenue, Toy World must track its customers buying trends with more accuracy and more detail. The Point of Sale system that they are currently working from can be improved and made to reduce after-market inventory. Trend data can be used for a wide variety of purposes. One of the first problems is the store design and layout of items. Sale items and hot merchandis
  • Executive Orders
    Executive Orders Orders Issued by President Bill Clinton What are Executive Orders? Executive Orders are official documents, Executive numbered consecutively, through which the President of the United States manages the operations of the Federal Government. Some Executive Orders in the past have created new commissions, councils, task forces and committees; issued and allocated bonds; authorized permit issuance; etc. 40 Executive Orders issued by President Clinton Date Document Titles 1. 2000-12
  • Wiretaps
    wiretaps INTRODUCTION Imagine you\'re talking on your telephone. It\'s something that everyone takes for granted. Now imagine that the police are listening to every phone conversation that you make. Does that scare you? I know that it scares me. Wiretaps are an issue that effects every person in this country. That\'s because no matter how much we don\'t like to admit it, we need depend on telephone services more and more as time passes. The issue of telephone privacy becomes bigger and bigger ev
  • Innovations in Behavioral Marketing and
    Innovations in Behavioral Marketing and MARKETING MANAGEMENT TERM PROJECT Innovations in Behavioral Marketing and Electronic Commerce Date: June 15, 2000 Table of Contents Preface1 . Introduction . Benefits of Electronic Marketing . Effectiveness of E-Commerce I. Ways for Promoting your Website II. Learning about your Visitors III. Segmenting your Internet Market . E-Commerce in Lebanon I. Lebanese Companies on the Net II. Customer Adaptation to E-Commerce
  • Australian History
    Australian History With the merging of big players within and between such industries as insurance, business services, banking & finance, media and technology I propose to investigate the impact and feasability of a higher degree of vertical intergration in the form of mergers, acquisitions, convergence, complimentary shareholdings and alliances. I propose to investigate the feasibility of such corporate convergence and the impact it has on a company\'s shareprice and profitability (short & long
  • Computer2
    computer2 DEVELOPMENT OF COMPUTERS OVER THE DECADES What is a computer? A Computer is an electronic device that can receive a set of instructions, or program, and then carry out this program by performing calculations on numerical data or by compiling and correlating other forms of information. Thesis Statement:- The modern world of high technology could not have come about except for the development of the computer. Different types and sizes of computers find uses throughout society in the stor
  • Hackers Today
    Hackers Today It\'s the weekend; you have nothing to do so you decide to play around on your computer. You turn it on and then start up, you start calling people with your modem, connecting to another world, with people just like you at a button press away. This is all fine but what happens when you start getting into other peoples computer files. Then it becomes a crime, but what is a computer crime really, obviously it involves the use of a computer but what are these crimes. Well they are Ha
  • Improving Cyberspace
    Improving Cyberspace Thesis: Though governments cannot physically regulate the Internet, cyberspace needs regulations to prevent illegal activity, the destruction of morals, and child access to pornography. I. Introduction. II. Illegal activity online costs America millions and hurts our economy. A. It is impossible for our government to physically regulate cyberspace. 1. One government cannot regulate the Internet by itself. 2. The basic design of the Internet prohibits censorship. B. It is pos
  • Intro computing
    intro computing Introduction The relentless advance of IT and telecommunications systems has brought dramatic benefits to individuals, businesses and other organisations. These years, the world has developed into an information economy, and the applying of new technologies is at the centre of the activity. New technologies are being developed at a record pace. Those celebrities such as Bill Gates of Microsoft, Steven Jobs of Apple all emerged to create information technology dynasties for 1980s
  • Security vs privacy on the internet
    security vs privacy on the internet Security vs. Privacy in the Internet -Kalpesh Shah The question of privacy began when man uttered his first words. The question was raised again when the postal system began and then when telephones were introduced. Once again, we must apply the question to the new information superhighway, that is e-mail, telecommuting, online newsgroups, etc. The question is this: How important is privacy on the Internet? According to Webster\'s Ninth New Collegiate Dictiona
  • Computer crime
    computer crime Computer Crime It\'s the weekend, you have nothing to do so you decide to play around on your computer. You turn it on and then start up, you start calling people with your modem, connecting to another world, with people just like you at a button press away. This is all fine but what happens when you start getting into other peoples computer files. Then it becomes a crime, but what is a computer crime really, obviously it involves the use of a computer but what are these crimes. W
  • Pornography on the Internet
    Pornography on the Internet Pornography on the Internet The Internet is a method of communication and a source of information that is becoming popular among those who are interested in the information superhighway. The problem with this world we know as Cyberspace, the \'Net, or the Web is that some of this information, including pornographical material and hate literature, is being accessible to minors. Did you know that 83.5% of the images available on the Internet are pornographical? Did you
  • Computer Crime
    Computer Crime Computer Crime It\'s the weekend, you have nothing to do so you decide to play around on your computer. You turn it on and then start up, you start calling people with your modem, connecting to another world, with people just like you at a button press away. This is all fine but what happens when you start getting into other peoples computer files. Then it becomes a crime, but what is a computer crime really, obviously it involves the use of a computer but what are these crimes. W
  • Computer Crime
    Computer Crime Computer Crime It\'s the weekend, you have nothing to do so you decide to play around on your computer. You turn it on and then start up, you start calling people with your modem, connecting to another world, with people just like you at a button press away. This is all fine but what happens when you start getting into other peoples computer files. Then it becomes a crime, but what is a computer crime really, obviously it involves the use of a computer but what are these crimes. W
  • Computers
    computers DEVELOPMENT OF COMPUTERS OVER THE DECADES What is a computer? A Computer is an electronic device that can receive a set of instructions, or program, and then carry out this program by performing calculations on numerical data or by compiling and correlating other forms of information. Thesis Statement:- The modern world of high technology could not have come about except for the development of the computer. Different types and sizes of computers find uses throughout society in the stor
  • E commerce
    E commerce Remember the time when there was no Internet? Where advances in telecommunications and computing largely occurred side-by-side in the past, today, they converge in the Internet. Timesharing, the concept of linking a large numbers of users to a single computer via remote terminals, was developed at MIT in the late 50s and early 60s. In 1973, Bob Kahn and Vint Cerf developed the basic ideas of the Internet. Now days almost everybody is connected to Internet. WORLD INTERNET CONNECTIVITY
  • E911
    E911 The FCC E911 Regulation is Essential for Consumers and Telecommunications Industry In June of 1996, the FCC proposed a mandate for E-911 services. The wireless E911 order provides value-added service for all cellular phone users and consumers. This regulation has designed to implement 911 requirements for cellular, PCS and SMR carriers. The FCC has established telecommunication regulations to provide 911 access to consumers. The requirements have been planned in a three-stage deployment pro
  • Government Internet Intervention
    Government Internet Intervention Government Internet Intervention The Internet is a method of communication and a source of information that is becoming more popular among those who are interested in, and have the time to surf the information superhighway. The problem with much information being accessible to this many people is that some of it is deemed inappropriate for minors. The government wants censorship, but a segment of the population does not. The Internet should not be considered a ba
  • Hotelling The Wave of the Future
    Hotelling The Wave of the Future Throughout the years technology has made huge impacts on the way business conducts itself. From the internet and cellular technology to laptops, communication has become accessible wherever one might be. Those who have benefited most from such technology are those who spend most of their time out of the office. However, the question is this: If technology enables employees to communicate and accomplish the tasks necessary to complete ones work outside the workp
  • Cable Modems Cable TV Meets the Internet
    Cable Modems Cable TV Meets the Internet Cable Modems: Cable TV Meets the Internet Abstract The Telecommunications Act of 1996 opened the way for cable TV (CATV) companies to become full-fledged telecommunications companies, offering two-way voice and data communications services, in addition to television programming. After passage of the Act, the cable companies were eager to expand into the new fields of business that had been opened to them, especially the rapidly growing Internet Service P
  • Data Mining in a Nut Shell
    Data Mining in a Nut Shell In todays business world, information about the customer is a necessity for a businesses trying to maximize its profits. A new, and important, tool in gaining this knowledge is Data Mining. Data Mining is a set of automated procedures used to find previously unknown patterns and relationships in data. These patterns and relationships, once extracted, can be used to make valid predictions about the behavior of the customer. Data Mining is generally used for four main
  • Hacking1
    Hacking1 Computer Crime It\'s the weekend, you have nothing to do so you decide to play around on your computer. You turn it on and then start up, you start calling people with your modem, connecting to another world, with people just like you at a button press away. This is all fine but what happens when you start getting into other peoples computer files. Then it becomes a crime, but what is a computer crime really, obviously it involves the use of a computer but what are these crimes. Well t
  • INTERNET CENSORSHIP
    INTERNET CENSORSHIP Censoring the Internet The internet offers a huge wealth of information both good and bad, unfortunately the vary nature of the internet makes policing this new domain practically impossible. The internet began as a small university network in the United States and has blossomed into a vast telecommunications network spanning the globe. Today the internet is ruled by no governing body and it is an open society for ideas to be developed and shared in. Unfortunately every soci
  • Internet Censorship and the Government
    Internet Censorship and the Government The Internet offers a wide a variety of information which has both its upside and downside, unfortunately the vary nature of the Internet makes policing almost impossible. The Internet, which began as a small network in the United States, has turned into a huge telecommunications network spanning the entire globe. During the past decade, our society has become based solely on the ability to move large amounts of information across large distances quickly.
  • INTERNET CENSORSHIP
    INTERNET CENSORSHIP Censoring the Internet The internet offers a huge wealth of information both good and bad, unfortunately the vary nature of the internet makes policing this new domain practically impossible. The internet began as a small university network in the United States and has blossomed into a vast telecommunications network spanning the globe. Today the internet is ruled by no governing body and it is an open society for ideas to be developed and shared in. Unfortunately every soci
  • Internet The Newest Mass Medium
    Internet The Newest Mass Medium Internet: The Newest Mass Medium In order to analyze the Internet as a mass medium, we first have to look at the original intentions of the Internet. Originally the Internet was utilized strictly by the government and educational institutions. Its primary purposes were research and education, although it soon became a form of entertainment for a portion of the population through games, chat, and email. The idea of using the Internet for entertainment and commerci
  • Vvvv
    vvvv Censorship And The Internet The freedom of speech that was possible on the Internet could now be subjected to governmental approvals. For example, China is attempting to restrict political expression, in the name of security and social stability. It requires users of the Internet an d electronic mail (e-mail) to register, so that it may monitor their activities.9 In the United Kingdom, state secrets and personal attacks are off limits on the Internet. Laws are strict and the government is
  • Global marketing
    Global marketing Internet paper The internets first role is the delivery and collection of timely information about products and services. We will have a look at the realistic role that the internet might play in assisting firms to reach their international marketing objectives. There are two types of impediments to the internets adoption and growth in international marketing: structural and functional. Structural issues are likely to have greater impact on consumer internet marketing than on
  • Internet censorship
    internet censorship Internet Censorship There is a growing debate about censoring the internet. Some people think that the internet is protected under the first ammendment and cannot be censored. Others think that some of the material that is on the net needs to be filtered and regulated. The word censorship is defined as examining any material and prohibiting what is objectionable, according to Websters II dictionary. Censoring the internet is a violation of the first ammendment rights of eve
  • Presidentail Executive Orders
    Presidentail Executive Orders Executive Orders Issued by President Bill Clinton What are Executive Orders? Executive Orders are official documents, numbered consecutively, through which the President of the United States manages the operations of the Federal Government. Some Executive Orders in the past have created new commissions, councils, task forces and committees; issued and allocated bonds; authorized permit issuance; etc. 40 Executive Orders issued by President Clinton Date Document Tit
  • Cyber Space Law
    Cyber Space Law Cyber Space Law Right now there is a very interesting war being waged in the court rooms across America. It is a battle for the rights of citizens on the Internet. The Internet is a fairly new medium gaining wide popularity in 1994. Because of it\'s incredible growth in popularity in a very short amount of time it has been hard to regulate. The first act to come out regarding the Internet and Freedom of Speech was PL 99-508 the Electronic Communications and Privacy Act of 1986 .
  • Internet Laws
    Internet Laws Cyber Space Law Right now there is a very interesting war being waged in the court rooms across America. It is a battle for the rights of citizens on the Internet. The Internet is a fairly new medium gaining wide popularity in 1994. Because of its incredible growth in popularity in a very short amount of time it has been hard to regulate. The first act to come out regarding the Internet and Freedom of Speech was PL 99-508 the Electronic Communications and Privacy Act of 1986 . Thi
  • Reno v ACLU
    Reno v ACLU Reno v. ACLU The conflict began on February 8, 1996, when President Clinton signed the CDA law and ACLU, along with EPIC and eighteen other plaintiffs, immediately filed its legal challenge. ACLU v. Reno represents the first legal challenge to censorship provisions of the Communications Decency Act (CDA). The CDA makes it a crime, punishable by up to two years in jail and/or a 0,000 fine, for anyone to engage in speech that is indecent or patently offensive on computer networ
  • Freedom of Speech
    Freedom of Speech Freedom of Speech & Censorship on the Internet With more and more frequency our nations newspapers are reporting instances of school children distributing disks of pornographic images that have been downloaded from the internet. On November 11, an Associated Press release reported that Carnegie Mellon University had decided to block its users from accessing sexually explicit materials through the Internet: the university\'s president feared that the university could be prosecu
  • Freedom of Speech
    Freedom of Speech Freedom of Speech & Censorship on the Internet With more and more frequency our nations newspapers are reporting instances of school children distributing disks of pornographic images that have been downloaded from the internet. On November 11, an Associated Press release reported that Carnegie Mellon University had decided to block its users from accessing sexually explicit materials through the Internet: the university\'s president feared that the university could be prosecu
  • Internet and censorship
    internet and censorship Censorship And The Internet The freedom of speech that was possible on the Internet could now be subjected to governmental approvals. For example, China is attempting to restrict political expression, in the name of security and social stability. It requires users of the Internet an d electronic mail (e-mail) to register, so that it may monitor their activities.9 In the United Kingdom, state secrets and personal attacks are off limits on the Internet. Laws are strict and
  • Internet8
    internet8 Internet Censorship There is a growing debate about censoring the internet. Some people think that the internet is protected under the first ammendment and cannot be censored. Others think that some of the material that is on the net needs to be filtered and regulated. The word censorship is defined as examining any material and prohibiting what is objectionable, according to Websters II dictionary. Censoring the internet is a violation of the first ammendment rights of every citizen
  • Will History Repeat Itself
    Will History Repeat Itself Will History Repeat Itself? Introduction Two Extremes Story A: Militia Groups Band Together And Take Over The Country The FBI has evidence that communication between Militia Groups has steadily increased and is currently at a record high. An inside resource reported that the Groups are forming a coalition to take over the United States. They plan to seize all communication networks so they can control any information given to the general public. They will take control
  • Freedom of Speech
    Freedom of Speech Freedom of Speech & Censorship on the Internet Introduction With more and more frequency the newspapers are reporting instances of school children distributing disks of pornographic images which they have downloaded from the net and recently a university student was found to be operating such a site for material. On November 11, an Associated Press release (Phillips,1994) reported that Carnegie Mellon University had decided to block its users from accessing sexually explicit m
  • Internet Censorship
    Internet Censorship "Inevitably, being an uncontrolled system, means that the Internet will be subjected to subversive applications of some unscrupulous users." (Kershaw) The concept of the Internet was created in answer to a strategic problem faced by the United States government during the Cold war era. A nuclear attack would easily disrupt a traditional computer network and hence make communication impossible. The solution was found in a new type of network. A network where all nodes would b
  • Porno
    porno Pornography on the Internet The Internet is a method of communication and a source of information that is becoming popular among those who are interested in the information superhighway. The problem with this world we know as Cyberspace, the \'Net, or the Web is that some of this information, including pornographical material and hate literature, is being accessible to minors. Did you know that 83.5% of the images available on the Internet are pornographical? Did you know that the Interne
  • Internet censorship1
    Internet censorship1 Internet Censorship There is a growing debate about censoring the internet. Some people think that the internet is protected under the first ammendment and cannot be censored. Others think that some of the material that is on the net needs to be filtered and regulated. The word censorship is defined as examining any material and prohibiting what is objectionable, according to Websters II dictionary. Censoring the internet is a violation of the first ammendment rights of ev
  • None Provided6
    None Provided6 Pornography on the Internet Pornography is an age-old phenomenon that has been under much modern-day scrutiny. With the recent proliferation of online pornography, possible social ramifications of sexually explicit material on uncontrolled mediums have become the subjects of intense debate. Proponents of a liberal approach toward pornography argue that access to online smut is a constitutionally protected freedom and "a harmless diversion that serves to satisfy curiosity and reli
  • Telecom
    Telecom Introduction We are in the midst of a global information revolution driven by the convergence and proliferation of information and communication technologies. The telecommunications sector is changing at warp speed, driven by technological innovation that results in new equipment and services, and also by new entrants and alliances between companies with experience in a wide range of information industries from telecommunications to broadcasting to computer hardware and software to publ
  • Uses of computers
    uses of computers The Uses of Computers DEVELOPMENT OF COMPUTERS OVER THE DECADES What is a computer? A Computer is an electronic device that can receive a set of instructions, or program, and then carry out this program by performing calculations on numerical data or by compiling and correlating other forms of information. Thesis Statement:- The modern world of high technology could not have come about except for the development of the computer. Different types and sizes of computers find uses
  • The Communications Decency Act
    The Communications Decency Act The Communications Decency Act The U.S. Government should not attempt to place restrictions on the internet. The Internet does not belong to the United States and it is not our responsibility to save the world, so why are we attempting to regulate something that belongs to the world? The Telecommunications Reform Act has done exactly that, put regulations on the Internet. Edward Cavazos quotes William Gibson says, As described in Neuromancer, Cyberspace was a conse
  • Networking
    Networking CP2099-Individual Assessment Networking Report Contents The report is broken down in 30 main sections in them the following can be viewed: 1. INTRODUCTION 2. WHAT IS A NETWORK? 3. WHAT ARE THE BENEFITS FROM NETWORKING? 4. NETWORK RELATIONSHIP TYPES 5. WIDE AREA NETWORKS (WAN) 6. LOCAL AREA NETWORKS (LAN) 7. METROPOLITAN AREA NETWORK (MAN) 8. PEER-TO-PEER NETWORK RELATIONSHIP 9. CLIENT/SERVER NETWORK RELATIONSHIP 10. COMPARING PEER-TO-PEER AND CLIENT/SERVER 11. ADVANTAGES OF PEER-TO-PE