The Political Environment Of The Philippines Essay

This essay has a total of 999 words and 8 pages.

The Political Environment Of The Philippines

The Political Environment of the Philippines

Historical Facts:

The Philippines overcame many obstacles in history that reshaped the political environment of modern times.

The Philippine islands have a strong Spanish influence. Records in history date back to
1521 where Ferdinand Magellan colonized the islands in the name of Charles I of Spain. The
Spanish objectives focused Philippine society toward the spread of Christianity,
colonization in the name of Spain, and acquiring key positions in the spice trade from
Asia. Spanish settlers later realized that the P.I. did not have precious spices or gold
minerals. Profits from the colonies were going to come from agricultural resources only.
Agricultural resources such as corn and rice were mainly cultivated for profits although
the colony depleted funds faster than they could generate funds.

Spanish rule declined slowly beginning at 1762 due to British forces capturing Manila in
the seven years war. Although Spanish rule presided in governmental issues, the decline
did not escalate till 1898 when American influence began. The Treaty of Paris was enacted
and Spain gave the U.S. all right to claim P.I. as a U.S. colony.

Constitutional framework of the current government

The Treaty of Paris led to the Malolos constitution after 1898. This government's first
constitution was modeled from France, Belgium and some South American republics. The
Philippine bill of rights was also drafted from the same nations. It was not until 1935
under the terms of the Tydings-McDuffie Act, which created the Philippine Commonwealth.
The Philippine constitution was shortly revised to model the United States version.
Philippines also modeled the bill of rights from the Americans.

In 1972 the people called for a democratic convention so that they could revise the
constitution to fit the Filipino peoples needs, but the current president Ferdinand Marcos
declared martial law of the land. Marcos rose to near dictatorial status in power. His
status only lasted until Corizon Aquino defeated him. She started many new ideas such as,
proclaiming democracy for the people. This was known as the "people's power" party. She
also initiated to draft the "Freedom Constitution" which would later be replaced by new
legislature in the new constitution. This new constitution establishes three separate
branches of the government called executive, legislative, and judicial departments.

Independent commissions were also started: The commission on elections, the Commission on
Audit, the Commission of Human Rights, and the Commission on Good Government. The current
form of government is a democratic. The current head of state is President Fidel Ramos.
His administration proclaims decentralization, deregulation, and development.

Governmental stability of the Philippines

The government of the Philippines has adopted many governmental policies from the United
States. The constitution framework was to some instances modeled word for word from the
American constitution. The Philippine bill of rights granted citizens with individual
rights of the nation mimicking the Americans.

The period from 1972-1981 former Philippine president Fidel Marcos abolished the old
constitution and declared martial law. Uncertainty in Philippine government arose when the
U.S. democratic presidential system was abruptly changed to a parliamentary form of
government. The president appoints himself head of state and the chief executive power by
claiming the Prime ministers role as well as the president. This power escalated to near
dictatorial power. It was not until 1986 and the downfall of Marcos when stability in
government again presided.

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