The Premature Baby Essay

This essay has a total of 949 words and 5 pages.

The Premature Baby



The Premature Baby


A preterm or premature delivery is defined as the birth of the baby between the twentieth
and the thirty-sixth week of pregnancy. A baby born during this time period is called
premature. About 8 to 10 percent of babies in the United States and Canada are classified
as premature.


Preterm labor occurs because the mother goes into labor early. Most of the time there is
no reason for this happening. Sometimes it is associated with the following; multiple
pregnancy, abnormally shaped uterus, placenta previa, placenta abruption, high fever in
the mother, untreated high blood pressure (toxemia), diabetes, sever infections in the
mother, emotional and physical trauma. If a mother goes into preterm labor she has a 25
percent of it happening again.


There are many complications the delivery of baby prematurely, some of them include; the
lungs may not be fully mature, many complications can also arise from the lungs not being
fully mature such as respiratory distress syndrome (RDS), and Bronchol Pulmonary
Dysplasia (BPD). Both of these lung diseases can result in long term oxygen
administration, and if the baby is out of the hospital re-hospitalization. Other problems
with the preterm baby include Hypoglycemia (low blood sugar), Patent Ductus Arteriosus,
Retinopathy of Prematurity (separation of blood vessels in the eyes), Intraventricular
Hemorrhage (IUG), appears in the 30 to 40% of preterm infants usually in the first 72
hours of life. It may range from a Grade I Hemorrhage to a Grade IV hemorrhage. Grade I
being the least severe and Grade IV the most severe, also preterm babies are more likely
to have jaundice. Do to medical advances in the care of premature babies they are now able
to save babies that are a pound and even less. Despite these advance prematurity is still
the leading cause of death in newborns.


The parents of full term newborns are often surprised at the appearance of the babies.
Parents of preterm infants are often shocked. The typical premiee weighs between

3 pounds and 4 pounds 3 ounces at birth and some weigh considerably less. The smallest
can fit in the palm of your hand , and some have such tiny wrist that you can slip a
wedding band over there wrist. The premiee's skin is translucent, leaving veins and
arteries visible. It seems to fit loosely, because it lacks a fat layer beneath it and is
often covered in fine layer of body hair called lanugo. Skin color changes when the baby
is held or feed. Brown fat is absent so the baby can not keep itself warm. The baby's ears
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