Paper on The roman empire

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the roman empire

The Roman Empire

Rome became the most powerful empire of the Mediterranean for numerous reasons. The most
significant advantage was the location where Rome resides. The location allowed them to
become involved in the trade around the sea and build a stable economy, as well as succeed
at agriculture and farming. Another reason for their success was the government system
which started out as a democracy. Unfortunately, democracy didn't last and therefore this
same factor was the major contribute to the failure of the great empire. Constant warfare
and victory expanded the territory and established the power of Romans. The Roman Empire
gained control over the centuries using all of its advantages, however was brought down by
the misuse of its government system.

The biggest advantage of Romans success was the location of their establishment. Italy is
divided into eastern and western sides by Apennines mountains, which to the advantage are
less rocky than the ones in Greece and therefore didn't divide people into isolated
communities, instead brought them together. The land in Italy was ideal for farming and
for that reason it could support larger number of people based on the agriculture. Latium,
on which Rome was located had access to the Sea and yet it was far enough bringing safety
from pirates and invasions. Also, Rome was easily defended due to the locations of the
seven hills. The neighbors of Italy were a large contribution to its development. Etruria,
was one of the closest neighbors was populated with Greeks who arrived during the
colonization in 750-550 B.C.E.. They refined olives and grapes, provided their alphabet
and brought their culture and religion during the invasion of Romans. Etruscans were not
the only ones conquered by Romans. There were other Greek colonies in the southern and
northern part of Italy who were made as allies. Romans acted in a diplomatic way with the
neighbors they defeated, establishing colonies and building roads to connect the
settlements.

Romans started out their government as a democracy, in fear of having a dictator, or a
monogamous ruler. Annually they chose two consuls who administered the government and led
army into war. As the territory expanded they had to add on a government official to their
Senate which originally consisted of three hundred elder patricians. One of the major
internal conflicts Romans struggled over was the division between citizens. Patricians
were the wealthy landowners who were a part of aristocrat governing class. Plebians on the
other hand were a larger group who consisted of nonpatrican landowners, artisans,
merchants and small farmers. They didn't have the same rights as patricians, instead they
were discriminated against. Plebians were the ones who served in the army, as a result
they used their fighting power to get Senate to pass laws in their favor. As the Romans
wanted to conquer another neighbor, plebians bribed senate to establish their own
government officials for fighting for Romans. The struggle for plebians' rights dragged
for hundreds of years when finally they were permitted to become a part of the
administration.

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