The Second Shift Essay

This essay has a total of 1112 words and 5 pages.

The Second Shift



Many women today are facing choices that their mothers never had to face. One of these
choices is whether or not to go back to work after having a child. This was practically
unheard of in the 1950's. In the 1990's it is not whether the mother will or will not go
back to work rather a question of when. When did the choice become set in stone? Why do
the mothers of today have to work outside the home versus working in the home, much like
their mothers did?

When one thinks of the subject of working mothers, many differing opinions come to mind.
What will happen to the child, will the mother have sufficient time to bond with the baby,
how will household chores be divided, and so on. When thinking of working women, two
models come to mind. One of which is paid employment that has a protective and beneficial
mediating effect. Employment protects women against certain negative aspects of being
full-time homemakers and mothers, such as monotonous housework, dependence on the male
partner for financial and emotional support, increases self-esteem because they are
contributing to the world they live in. These women receive a renewed interest in life
because they are in the thick of it. They are living life to the fullest. This model is
the one that is constantly referred to as "bad" because it paints the woman as someone who
does not really care about the effect of working will have on the baby. In fact, most of
these mothers have made this choice with painstaking care. They are constantly feeling
what everyone is thinking, and this in turn causes undue stress on these mothers.

The other model of the working mom is the one most people think of when discussing working
mothers. This model is one of a woman having too many demands of her --housewife, mother
and paid employee - which may lead to role strain due to fatigue and role overload. The
competing demands of such roles may also lead to conflict and psychological stress. Both
of these models can be seen in the working mother at any given time. They are simply a
fact of life, a by-product of the world in which we live. Mothers are constantly jumping
back and forth in these roles, striving to find a sense of balance.

But is there such a thing? Most of the time the scales are tipped one way or another,
there is never a true sense of balance. I believe this is how the mothers survive. If the
scales were balanced, it would seem that they would either be cruel heartless women,
simply concerned with their jobs, and caring less about their children. This is simply not
the case. It seems that the ideal situation is when the father helps around the house, as
to alleviate some of the stress the mother feels from working and the ability for the
mother to have a flexible schedule.

Role decisions within the family unit need to increase when the mother returns to work. In
order for both partners to be happy and feel fulfilled, there needs to be a clear
definition of roles with in the family unit. This is something that should be discussed
and decided well before the mother returns to work. In making role decisions, the parents
Continues for 3 more pages >>




  • 1984
    1984 George Orwell was not only a writer, but also an important political reformer. Orwell was born in India in 1903. He considered his family a "lower-middle class" family. He said this because his family was a part of the middle class, but had little money. His father worked for the British government and was able to be apart of the middle class without money. Orwell lived in Britain and went to boarding school there on scholarships. He was the poorest student among many wealthy children. Orwe
  • 2018
    2018 The year is 2018. A Mars colony has been firmly established. Earth has become a virtual earth with virtual cities, operators, and cars proliferating everywhere. The introduction of the Eurodollar and many regional trade agreements have temporarily pacified a once turbulent political world. The ozone layer has been depleted immensely resulting in an urgent demand for bioengineers. Here, I come in. I am the people’s director at a leading firm in the bioengineering industry. My firm consists o
  • Abortion
    abortion Click Here to Visit our Sponsor Abortion Life or Death ÄÄÄ Who Chooses? In Roman times, abortion and the destruction of unwanted children was permissible, but as out civilization has aged, it seems that such acts were no longer acceptable by rational human beings, so that in 1948, Canada along with most other nations in the world signed a declaration of the United Nations promising every human being the right to life. The World Medical Association meeting in Geneve at the same time, sta
  • AIDS
    AIDS Jessica Lizzio My cousin Christopher was 16 years old when he died. Christopher had been fighting the disease known as AIDS throughout his life, and I didn’t know. I had always known when I was young that Christopher was sick in some way. His right hand was malformed and he had to receive a variety of injections each day from his mother. But as young as I was, I was never afraid of Chris or his sickness. Chris and I were friends as much as we were family. We would play spies together and hi
  • All Quiet on the Westren Front
    All Quiet on the Westren Front All Quiet on the Western Front – Chapter SummaryBy: Jesse CodyAll Quiet on the Western Front is an anti-war novel from the opening chapters. Many critics of the novel in the early days after the publication of the novel blamed Remarque for writing for shock value. They did not want to believe his novel represented the truth about World War I. In many ways, such people were like Paul\'s schoolmaster, Kantorek. They wanted to cling to classical, romantic notions of w
  • An Essay About The Scarlet Letter Finding Ones Own
    An Essay About The Scarlet Letter Finding Ones Own Truth The Scarlet Letter Nathaniel Hawthorne uses diction and symbolism to show the negative effects of stifling conformity verses the positive empowerment found in embarrassing one’s own truth. He tries to impress upon his readers that an outsider whether from another physical location, or simply someone who thinks and acts outside that society’s definition of acceptable behavior can in fact facilitate positive change within that society regard
  • An influential Personevent
    An influential Personevent It seemed like it would make her die, just speaking it. So I didn’t tell anyone, not even my best friends. At school I would slip into a fantastical dreamland, nobody there knew that I should be troubled, pensive. I put on my best front and paraded around the school halls with some sort of smile plastered on my face. At lunchtime I’d stare at my food thinking that my friends should know. I thought of a million different ways to tell them. Each time that I came close to
  • Anne hutchinson
    anne hutchinson Anne Hutchinson She was born as Anne Marbury in 1591 in Alford, England. Her father, Francis Marbury, was an official in a church in Cambridge. He was not content with the Church. He declared publicly that many of the church ministers were not fit to guide people\'s souls, and for that he was jailed for a year. Even so, he continued verbally attacking the Church, claiming that high church officials freely appointed whoever they wanted, and those people were not usually qualified
  • College entrance essay
    College entrance essay In my everyday life, at school and in my community, I have used the skills I built in 4-H. I have been active in French Honor Society, Youth Teaching Youth and I am on dance line at Jan’s School of Dance. Through all my years of high school I have been an active member of the French Honor Society. To be a member we are required to attend meetings and help work at several promotions. Some of the opportunities I have had through FHS are working closely with the community in
  • Comment on an experience in your life that had an
    Comment on an experience in your life that had an effect on your life I was a little worried writing about my mother because I thought it would seem like I was looking for sympathy, but I figured it was a good topic to write about because it had the largest effect on me. My goal became to write an essay that didn\'t focus on the death or loss but on the change and growth that took place. Being active is something that has always been important to me, and I learned this from growing up with and o
  • Computer Programming
    Computer Programming Computer Programmer Matt Katz Writing for the Real World Pelkey November 30, 1999 Computer Systems Analyst I push the button, I hear a noise, and the screen comes alive. My computer loads up and starts to process. I see the start screen for Windows 95, and I type in my password. Even though this takes time, I know that I will be able to do whatever I want to do without any trouble, without any glitches, without any questions. My computer is now easier to use and more user fr
  • Discrimination
    Discrimination Discrimination Anthony Koroush Position Paper 13 December 2000 Discrimination Introduction—Discrimination is going on around the world everyday. Discrimination in any way is wrong. I. It contradicts the Constitution A. The Constitution states, “All men are created equal.” 1. In the 1700’s, blacks were slaves. 2. Three Fifths Compromise: 5 blacks=3whites 3. Hitler killing the Jews 4. Catholics persecuted in Maryland because of religion 5. Rosa Parks riding on bus with whites II. It
  • Drinking Age
    Drinking Age Drinking Age Why has America had so many problems with underage drinking? I think that there is way too much underage drinking by young adults in America. On the other hand, I don’t believe that it is their fault. I feel, that the lawmakers should lower the drinking age. The National Minimum Drinking Age Act of 1986 forces states to enforce the legal age of 21 years old or lose matching highway funds. Alcohol has been around since the beginning of time and its not going to disappear
  • Emerson
    Emerson When I received the criteria for this essay I knew that writing this would be a personal challenge to myself. My motivation and interest in being a journalist is so vast that I knew that I would have trouble squeezing it all into a mere 500 word essay. In addition, I would have to list my experience in journalism. During my high school years I have accumulated so much experience due to the responsibilities bestowed on me, that it would be hard to describe them all. As I entered my sophom
  • Equality to all
    Equality to all Equality for All? The question has been raised: who is in control of curriculum in our school? Not just the choosing of the precise books, but who is in charge of the contents of the books that curriculum directors can choose from? Once the answers to these questions are found, what should be done if they point to one group? So many problems in the United States have arisen when the people discover that one group is violating the people’s rights in some way by not allowing others
  • Grace
    grace I need to talk to someone. dad left.. he left a fax.. i can\'t believe this.. he gave me money this morning. i knew something was wrong. i had a feeling he\'d leave. i just knew it, in my head you know. sixth sense or something. I\'m so... sad i guess. I feel like it\'s my fault. We were so low to him. maybe i feel worse about this thing because i kind of know how he feels i heard them fighting. i heard him crying. i feel so bad. he was doing so much work for us. we didn\'t even thank him
  • GRAPES OF WRATH
    GRAPES OF WRATH Grapes of Wrath The Grapes of Wrath is an epic story of the Joads, though it is full of desert and drought, water is the purifier in this novel. It starts with Tom getting out of state prison on parole. When he meets Jim Casy on his way home the plot starts rolling. When they reach Tom’s farm they find out that banks and large companies have closed their farms and that everyone is leaving to California in hopes of work. This is the first conflict. The poor against the rich, or th
  • Heritage
    Heritage Heritage is an important factor to every developing family. Heritage helps to develop a persons values showing what they believe in. Particularly about the values of their family. In the story Everyday Use, by Alice Walker, value of heritage is a main topic. Throughout this story there are many different words used to describe what Wangero (Dee), Maggie, and their mother value. These choices of words all play an important role in the contrasting values of these people and the battle ove
  • How I Got into College
    How I Got into College Throughout my life I have adapted to certain things that are truly unequal, unfair, and unjust. There has always been a mountain in the way of a goal or a dream. But the mountains of life aren’t always there to make things difficult. They are there to make you fight for what you want. And I feel that you have to fight to succeed this day and age. My fight is on for me to go on to college. I want to go to college more than anything in the world. The reason it is so importan
  • International Terrorism
    International Terrorism INTERNATIONAL TERRORISM By John Freel. This was a very difficult project for me to carry out, coming from an area were racial discrimination is almost non existent were only sometimes does religious bigotry raise it\'s ugly head, but not nearly in the proportions of this project. KU KLUX KLAN. Ku Klux Klan, is a secret terrorist organisation that originated in the southern states during the period of Reconstruction following the American Civil War and was reactivated on a
  • Johns Interesting Career
    Johns Interesting Career John\'s Interesting Career John Perreault is a musician who lives in Upstate, NY. He started appreciating music at an early age. Banging on pots-and-pans, singing. His grandfather, who was a professional musician, and my supportive parents, drove his interest in music. He was always in chorus. Then when the time came, he took up the bass in fourth grade. He quit the bass playing after three years and didn\'t do anything musical. He took a few music classes, but played no
  • Leadership
    Leadership This is the essay that got me into the National Honors Society and it was based on leadership skills. I took out some detials and others can fill in the appropriate details "But of a good leader, who talks little: when his work is done, his arm fulfilled, they will say ‘Our work is done.’" -Lao Tse One of the standards of the National Honors Society is that of leadership. Members are expected not only to strive to improve their social environment, but act as a role model, and influenc
  • Legality of same sex marriages
    legality of same sex marriages INTRODUCTION The proposed legalization of same sex marriage is one of the most significant issues in contemporary American family law. Presently, it is one of the most vigorously advocated reforms discussed in law reviews, one of the most provocative issues. It could be one of the most revolutionary policy decisions in the history of American family law. The potential consequences, positive or negative, for children, parents, same-sex couples, families, social, str
  • My Antonia
    My Antonia At the age of ten, Jim Burden travels by cross-country train to live with his grandparents on the Nebraska frontier. He has just recently lost both his parents, and he is accompanied by a farmhand named Jake. On the same train is a Bohemian family that barely speaks English and that is going to the same place. When Jim arrives at the station, he is greeted by Otto Fuchs, an Austrian desperado cowboy. Jim\'s grandparents are kindly people with simple religious beliefs and very generous
  • My future
    My future It\'s unbelievable how each year, since the beginning of high school, my perfectly laid plans for myself have unavoidably deteriorated. When I entered my freshman year, I had aspirations of being a doctor (something I had wanted to be since I was a child); I was even taking Latin to help with the medical jargon. Now, here I am my senior year in high school without any idea of what I want to do. Now seems to be the time to start taking life seriously and making responsible, educated cho
  • My future1
    My future1 I like options, I like security, and I like power. With these wants, I knew at a very early age that I would enter business and thus I attended a college that specializes in the subject. In my first position out of school, I was hired by Dunhill Equities as a cold-caller. After several weeks of being hung up on by angry prospects, I decided that this career path would not lead me to success. I then moved within the firm to a position as sales assistant. While this was by no means my d
  • My Values
    My Values People have very different reasons on why going to college and getting an education is important for them. Some people go to college because that is what is expected of them, and others go because they have nothing else better to do. However, I am interested in going to college and obtaining a good education because it will benefit my family, my country, and me. My parents have this perfect life for me pictured in their heads, and the first thing they see me doing is going to college.
  • None Provided1
    None Provided1 Topics in Geometry A Research Project Presented To The Department Of Mathematics Of Thomas Edison High School In Partial Fulfillment Of The Course In Geometry Thomas Edison High School 1998 Charlie Pham #302 Biography Sir Isaac Newton was born on January 4, 1643, in Woolsthorpe, near Grantham in Lincolnshire. He went to Grantham grammar school. When he was young, he was interested in mechanical devices than in studying. His youth inventions included, a water clock and a sundial. I
  • Population growth
    population growth POPULATION GROWTH We are in grave , grave trouble. There are 3,6 billion human beings on the face of the Earth.According to our best estimates, there are somewhere between three and seven times more people than this planet can possibly maintain over a long period of time. …Non-renewable resources are being exhausted at a horrendous rate, and we are destroying the capability of the planetary ecosystem to renew the supply of renewable resources. (Hinrichs,8) The worse however is
  • Stanford
    stanford Essay for Stanford As the beast ran rampant through the streets, I couldn\'t help but wonder if my work had been for naught. Trying to salvage any remains, I chased my dog from the room and stared at the havoc left in his wake. The city lay in ruins; the buildings were razed. The prospect of beginning from scratch was ponderous, but I instantly welcomed the challenge. With patience and determination, I began returning the small plastic bricks into their former glory; and then greater gl
  • Street car
    street car The play A Streetcar Named Desire made playwright Tennessee William\'s name and has deservedly since had over half a century of success. This remarkable success can be credited to the intricate characters and their interactions with each other. Sisters, Stella and Blanche have had an enjoyable upbringing on the family plantation, "Belle Reve". As the name suggests Stella and Blanche\'s time at "Belle Reve" was near perfect. Like all things perfect it had to come to an end. While Stell
  • Study Abroad
    Study Abroad Learning new cultures is my favorite thing to do. I interact well with others and enjoy networking with new people. I have found that my ability to meet new people is a trait that makes every visit I have taken to different countries an enjoyable visit. I wish to participate in this program because it has always been a goal of mine to study abroad. By participating in this program I hope to learn another culture, make international contacts, and gain valuable international business
  • The trial
    The trial THE TRIAL by Franz Kafka read by Geoffrey Howard This disturbing and vastly influential novel has been interpreted on many levels of structure and symbol; but most commentators agree that the book explores the themes of guilt, anxiety, and moral impotency in the face of some ambiguous force. Joseph K. is an employee in a bank, a man without particular qualities or abilities. He could be anyone, and in some ways he is everyone. His inconsequence makes doubly strange his “arrest” by the
  • Try try again
    Try try again Bedraggled, disheartened and blanketed with mud, I sat on the sidewalk blubbering while the tears dripped down my knee. As I watched the salty droplets trickle down my dingy leg and meld with the crimson driblets oozing from my ragged shins, I felt a certain overwhelming feeling of helplessness, of defeat. After a comfortable amount of time was spent wallowing in self-pity, my relentless attitude proficiently mustered the nerve to get back on my very first bicycle and give it anoth
  • War on drugs
    war on drugs War On Drugs This is supposed to be a free country. I don\'t see that it would harm you or anybody else if someone smokes a few joints a week in moderation. What is the harm done to you? Is this enough to take fathers and mothers away from children? I know I\'m not the sharpest knife in the draw but to say that drug users might abuse the stuff and cause problems for their family or neighbors is not very far from saying that because you have a knife in your kitchen draw that you migh
  • Why im attending college
    why im attending college “Why I’m Attending College” I’m attending Stockton for a few reasons but I’m ultimately going to college for my future. I want to be successful and rich so I can have all the good things in life. I figure since my rock star career went south, I’ll have to hit the books. I’m here at Stockton to attain a degree in business and learn the things I need to become a strong businessman. I enjoy business and want to continue with it for my career. I’d love to be the CEO of some
  • Why im attending college
    why im attending college “Why I’m Attending College” I’m attending Stockton for a few reasons but I’m ultimately going to college for my future. I want to be successful and rich so I can have all the good things in life. I figure since my rock star career went south, I’ll have to hit the books. I’m here at Stockton to attain a degree in business and learn the things I need to become a strong businessman. I enjoy business and want to continue with it for my career. I’d love to be the CEO of some
  • Women
    Women “Hindu goddesses are traditionally conceived to be strong figures,even indomitable ones. By comparing his female characters to these goddesses, Rushdie attributes them with a force of character.He perceives India as a matriarchy, where maternal power, energy, and love is the means to social cohesion.” (Jennifer Takhar) Durga, the washerwoman who had nursed Saleem’s son in his sickness, is an important figure in Saleem’s life. As we understand from the description of her (pg:445), she is a
  • Women
    Women “Hindu goddesses are traditionally conceived to be strong figures,even indomitable ones. By comparing his female characters to these goddesses, Rushdie attributes them with a force of character.He perceives India as a matriarchy, where maternal power, energy, and love is the means to social cohesion.” (Jennifer Takhar) Durga, the washerwoman who had nursed Saleem’s son in his sickness, is an important figure in Saleem’s life. As we understand from the description of her (pg:445), she is a
  • African Americans In The South
    African Americans In The South As a social and economic institution, slavery originated in the times when humans began farming instead of hunting and gathering. Slave labor became commonplace in ancient Greece and Rome. Slaves were created through the capture of enemies, the birth of children to slave parents, and means of punishment. Enslaved Africans represented many different peoples, each with distinct cultures, religions, and languages. Most originated from the coast or the interior of West
  • African Women
    African Women Introduction 70% of African women with disabilities get them from their husbands. In Africa, most women have little or no rights. This effects what they can do for work, how their family life is, and what future they have. Women throughout time, especially in African culture, have always been subservient to men. The status of women in Africa is second-rate. In countries like the United States, women have the same rights as men and are almost equal. But in Africa it’s totally differ
  • VEssay submitted by Unknown
    AH VEssay submitted by Unknown Early Life Born in Monroeville, Alabama, on April 28, 1926, Nelle Harper Lee is the youngest of three children of Amassa Coleman Lee and Francis Lee. Before his death, Miss Lee\'s father and her older sister, Alice, practiced law together in Monroeville. When one considers the theme of honor that runs throughout Miss Lee\'s novel, it is perhaps significant to note that her family is related to Confederate General Robert E. Lee, a man especially noted for his devoti
  • Albert Einstein
    Albert Einstein Albert Einstein Of all the scientists to emerge from the nineteenth and twentieth centuries there is one whose name is known by almost all living people. While most of these do not understand this man\'s work, everyone knows that its impact on the world of science is astonishing. Yes, many have heard of Albert Einstein\'s General Theory of relativity, but few know about the intriguing life that led this scientist to discover what some have called, "The greatest single achievement
  • Alcatraz
    Alcatraz Alcatraz: United States Penitentiary 1934-1963 As a result of the Great Depression, a new breed of violent criminals swept the streets of America. In response to the cries of alarmed citizens, Congress enacted a number of statutes, which gave the federal government jurisdiction over certain criminal offenses previously held by the states. With the suggestion of former US Attorney General, Homes Cummings, Congress agreed that a special penal institution of maximum security and minimum pr
  • ALCATRAZ ISLAND AND PRISON
    ALCATRAZ ISLAND AND PRISON Alcatraz Island has quite a distinct history. Many people know that Alcatraz served as a federal prison, but most are reluctant to know that this island served as fort. Built before the Civil War, it served two main purposes. First, that it was to guard the San Francisco bay area from enemy ships against a foreign invasion, and second, to hold hostage prisoners of war or POW\'s as they were called. In this report, I\'ll show you how this fortress came to be a federal p
  • Alger Hiss
    Alger Hiss In August 1948, Whittaker Chambers, a former Communist appearing before the House Un-American Activities Committee (HUAC), charged that Alger Hiss, was a Communist spy. Chambers claimed that he and Hiss had belonged to the same espionage group and that Hiss had given him secret State Department documents. This group was a network of American spies recruited by the Soviet Union to collect useful information for Moscow. Alger Hiss was a Harvard-educated lawyer and a distinguished Washin
  • All quiet on the western front
    all quiet on the western front Beth Turcotte January 19, 2000 “ I am young, I am twenty years old; yet I know nothing of life but despair, death, fear, and fatuous superficiality cast over an abyss of sorrow…” All Quiet on the Western Front, written by Erich Maria Remarque, is a vividly horrific verification of what went on at the front of World War I. It goes deep into the souls of the men that were sent out to ‘heroically’ fight for their country. It follows the lives of these men, young and o
  • American Women During WWII
    american Women During WWII American Women During World War II. America\'s entry into World War II posed opportunities for American women domestically, yet paradoxically heightened fears in the polity about the exact role that women should adopt during wartime. A central issue that dominated women\'s lives during this period was how to combine the private sphere of the home, with the new demands of the war economy in the public sphere. Women made significant gains in the military, the war economy
  • Amish Culture
    Amish Culture The past five weeks in my life have really had an impact on me. In such a short period of time, I have become more aware of the different cultures that exist around the world today. We tend to think that our way of life is the only way there is, or at least the only right way. It is really very ignorant to think that everyone believes and behaves the same way. People should stop being so self-centered and take notice and interest in cultural diversity. There are numerous different
  • Andrew jackson
    andrew jackson Andrew Jackson (1767-1845) Andrew Jackson was born on March 15, 1767, to a family of immigrants in the Waxhaw settlement on the western frontier of South Carolina. Jackson\'s parents died when he was 14, and was brought up by an uncle who was a slave owner. He became a lawyer at the age of 20 and as a prosecuting attorney in Nashville, Tennessee. He married Rachel Donelson Robards on January 17,1794, whose father was very trusted and well known. This helped Jackson\'s career and s