The Spanish Armada Essay

This essay has a total of 618 words and 4 pages.

The Spanish Armada



The Spanish Armada


The Spanish Armada was a fleet of armed ships that attempted to invade England in the year
of 1588. "This Spanish Fleet had at one time been called the Invincible Armada,
supposedly because the Spaniards thought it could not be defeated" (World book Multimedia
Encyclopedia). The Spanish Fleet consisted of over 130 ships and more than 29,000 men,
most were soldiers. Many of the ships were low in weapons and experienced soldiers that
could work these weapons, others were low in ammunition. King Phillip named the Duke of
Medina Sidonia to command the Armada. During the 1500's the Spanish were thought to have
had a dominating Navy until in 1588, when they were defeated by the English.

The English received word of the Spanish's activities and armed many of its merchant
vessels and added them to its warships. England's fleet was made up of about 197 ships
and nearly 16,000 men, these men were mostly sailors rather than soldiers. Admiral Lord
Howard of Effingham commanded the fleet and his squadron leaders were Francis Drake, John
Hawkins and Martin Frobisher. Francis Drake and John Hawkins were ordered many times to
raid Spanish villages and ships to acquire more riches.


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The Spanish Armada left Lisbon, Portugal on May 30, 1588 and arrived at the English
Channel on July 20. The ships were constantly battling for seven days straight. There
were long-range duels and soldiers were sent to burn the enemy ships and destroy their
weapons. On July 27, the Armada anchored at Calais, France. "The Duke of Medina Sidonia
had planned to meet barges carrying Spanish Troops from nearby Dunkerque, a port in the
Netherlands" (World book Multimedia Encyclopedia). Unfortunately, Dutch gunboats
prevented the barges from meeting the Armada. "This act doomed the fleet to failure"
(World book Multimedia Encyclopedia).

Early in the hours of July 29, the English sent eight vessels that were packed with
gunpowder and were set on fire, and they were directed towards the Armada. The Spanish
were barely able to flee from the burning ships. Later that morning, the English sent 60
or so warships to attack an equal number of Spanish Galleons. The English sank two
Spanish ships and damaged others severely. The crippled Armada fled to the North Sea,
then returned to Spain by sailing north around the British Isles. Heavy winds wrecked
many of ships off Ireland's coast, and only 67 out of the 130 reached Spain.


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There were many deaths at the battle between the England and Spain, but the exact number
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