The Successes And Failures of The League of Nation Essay

This essay has a total of 649 words and 4 pages.

The Successes And Failures of The League of Nations in the 1920s



This isn't really an essay, its just a summary of the actions of the League of Nations
that might come in handy if you have no notes.


The Successes and Failures of the
League of Nations in the 1920s

Extracts from the Covenant of the League:
To promote international co-operation and to achieved international peace and security:
-by the acceptance of obligations not to resort to war
-by the prescription of open, just and honourable relations between nations.
-by the firm establishment of international law as the rule of conduct between governments.
-by the maintenance of justice and a scrupulous respect for all treaty obligations in the
dealings of organised people with one another.


Successes and Failures of the League

Vilna (1920)- Both Lithuania and Poland claimed Vilna, but it was given to Lithuania even
though it had a majority Polish population. In 1920, Poland occupied Vilna, and refused to
leave. This was definitely one league member showing aggression against another, the
League didn’t want to get involved. The League wanted to leave Poland alone as it was a
strong barrier between Germany and communist Russia. In 1923, the League of Nations
confirmed Poland’s occupation of Vilna

Verdict on the League: Weak and useless.

The Aaland Islands (1921)- These islands are situated about halfway between Norway and
Sweden. Both had made a claim for tem and were ready to fight, but they invited the League
to make a judgement on the dispute. The League decided that the islands should go to
Finland, and Sweden accepted this.

Verdict on the League: A satisfactory outcome, but only because the nations in the dispute
were willing to accept the League’s authority.


Upper Silesia (1921)- This was a plebiscite area defined by the League. Germany and Poland
were both determined to get it as it was very important for industry. In the plebiscite
people voted in favour of Germany 700,000 to 480,000. The League partitioned the area, the
Germans got over half the land and population, where Poland got most of the industry.
Germany was not pleased with this, but both countries accepted.
Continues for 2 more pages >>




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