The World And Ideas Of Karl Marx Essay

This essay has a total of 2496 words and 9 pages.

The World And Ideas Of Karl Marx

The latter part of the nineteenth century was teeming with evolved social and economical
ideas. These views of the social structure of urban society came about through the
development of ideals taken from past revolutions and the present clash of individuals and
organized assemblies. As the Industrial Revolution steamed ahead paving the way for
growing commerce, so did the widening gap between the class structure which so
predominantly grasped the populace and their rights within the community. The development
of a capitalist society was a very favorable goal in the eyes of the bourgeoisie. Using
advancing methods of production within a system of free trade, the ruling middle class
were strategically able to earn a substantial surplus of funds and maintain their present
class of life. Thus, with the advancement of industry and the bourgeoisie's gain of
wealth, a counter-action was undoubtably taking place. The resultant was the degradation
of the working-class, of the proletarians whom provided labour to a middle-class only to
be exploited in doing so. Exploitation is a quarrel between social groups that has been
around since the dawn of mankind itself. The persecution of one class by another has
historically allowed the advancement of mankind to continue. These clashes, whether ending
with positive or negative results, allow Man to evolve as a species, defining Himself
within the social structure of nature. Man's rivalry amongst one another allows for this
evolution! through the production of something which is different, not necessarily
productive, but differing from the present norm and untried through previous epochs.At
this time in history, mankind was moving forward very rapidly, but at the price of the
working-class. Wages were given sparsely, and when capital gain improved, the money payed
for labour did not reflect this prosperity. This, therefore, accelerated the downfall of
the proletarians and progressed towards a justifiable revolt against the oppressive middle
class. The conclusion of this revolt was envisioned to be a classless society, one in
which its people benefit from and that benefits from its people. The overthrow of
capitalism would create a socialist society eventually flourishing into communism. Karl
Heinrich Marx (1818 - 1883) was the philosophical analysis who created communism and saw
it as an achievable goal. Marx denounced religion and created what were thought to be
radical ideas, which resulted in the banishment from his native land of Germany and then
France, eventually ending up in England. (Compton's Encyclopedia, 121) Through dialectical
processing Marx was able to synthesize a theory of a classless society. This society would
be achievable through the joint union of the proletarians and overthrow of the governing
bourgeois. For the working-class man does not benefit from the labour which he provides.
His labour is external to himself and is not actually belonging to his essential being.
Therefore in work, the proletarian denies himself and does not validate his worthiness as
an individual.(Marx from Haberman, 183) The worker has no existence except to work, which
furthers the employer, but degrades the labourer and eventually results in a grasping
individual.Marx realized that with the unification of the working-class, they would be
able to better themselves and their lives, and in doing so, better society on the whole.
The aspiration to achieve this was purely theoretical and though Marx felt attainable, it
was undoubtedly flawed. The communist ideals are purely a utopian dream which cannot be
reached because of humans inescapable desire to satisfy their own egos. A proletarian
society would not remain harmonious without individuals seeking personal satisfaction, and
without a governing body chaos would result, paving a road which would lead to
totalitarianism. Marx's views were of the proletarian class rising to crush the bourgeois
ideals which governed their lives. This would result in a proletarian dictatorship,
through which ends would have to be met in order to rid the community of the existing
means of production and prosperity. The abolition of private property would be achieved by
ridding the bourgeoisie's ownership of lands, and allowing them to be publicized. This
would enable the removal of selfish individualism which splits society into segregated
portions, and allow the rich and poor to become more economically equal in status. This
however is only partially attainable, for one cannot undo what has already taken place.
Marx states that the faster industry progresses, the weaker the proletarian becomes.
Eventually storming the top of the social pyramid in order to reconstruct and overthrow
the bourgeois assembly. This revolt would take place as a result of the demands of the
labourers not being met, and wages not increasing with the increase of profit. The
proletarian would feel worthless, and with nothing to lose, revolt against their
employers. The vision of a capitalist state neglecting its workers and allowing them to
use their mass of people to simply reverse the ways of society is ridiculous. In a
capitalist state, the class which finds itself in the position of dividing up labour to
produce a marketable product is the one which benefits the most. The bourgeois in this
case would be in this class, and in ruling, would not allow the organized overthrow of
their established system. In order to increase net profit, the employer must exploit the
labour provided by his workers to ensure the increase in overall revenue. In a capitalist
society, the expansion of markets and growth of production allows for the unfortunate
increase between classes and their economical value. Having acquired business sense which
has allowed them to maintain their more than satisfactory lifestyle, the bourgeois would
have unquestionably not have exploited the work of proletarians to the extreme. Not
increasing wages and allowing the workers to become restless would have been a grave
mistake on the part of the employers. A solution in preventing an outcry at a
revolutionary level would be to i! ncrease wages sufficiently in providing maximum surplus
capital, but at the same time creating a payroll which would satisfy the workers. While
raising the level of pay would create wage wars amongst different proletarian groups, it
would stabilize the lifestyle which the bourgeois were living. If wages did not increase
at least a minute amount, then the middle-class lifestyles would become threatened,
eventually resulting in personal instability which would not be worth the money saved in
keeping payrolls at such a low level.If the working class did decide to proceed to
overthrow the bourgeois, then yet another problem would arise. This problem would be in
the control of the revolting populace. The communist goal is to achieve a classless
society with the eventual abolition of the state itself, in order to unite all
working-class men. This would be very difficult without the organization of a governing
assembly which would then defeat the revolutions own purpose. In order to achieve an
ultimate goal, there must be some type of plan implemented in order to successfully do
this. A spontaneous clash with an opposing minority would just reveal to that class what
it is that they have done wrong, and allow them to correct their errors in order to
restore the profitable production which they have to this point maintained. To properly
overthrow the ruling class, an appointed assembly, within the revolting assembly, would
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