Theodore Roosevelt1 Essay

This essay has a total of 759 words and 4 pages.

Theodore Roosevelt1



Theodore Roosevelt is said to have been one of the greatest presidents ever. Theodore
Roosevelt expanded the role of the presidency into foreign affairs by using The Roosevelt
Corollary to the Monroe Doctrine, this stated that the U.S. had the right to oppose
European intervention in the western hemisphere and also to intervene itself in the
domestic affairs of its neighbors. This was brought about when the government of
Venezuela stopped paying their debts to European bankers. As a result European naval
forces formed a blockade around the Venezuelan coast and began to bombard their ports.
Roosevelt saw this action as a potential threat to the U.S. and threatened to use American
naval power to pressure the European navy to withdraw “…the adherence of the United States
to the Monroe Doctrine may force the United States, however reluctantly, in flagrant cases
of such wrongdoing or impotence, to the exercise of an international police
power”(Roosevelt Corollary).

Theodore Roosevelt’s first presidency came after the assassination of President McKinley.
He was thought of as the first modern president because he was the first to get involved
in foreign affairs, with his Big Stick Policy. Other things he did during his president
that are remembered for are his Square deal, Hay-Pauncefote treaty, his corollary to the
Monroe Doctrine, and his trust busting.

The Big-Stick Policy came upon after Roosevelt said that his motto was “to speak softly
and carry a big stick.” After this the press named his aggressive foreign policy the
Big-Stick Policy. Roosevelt acted boldly and decisively in several occasions in his
attempt to get the reputation that the US is a world power. Imperialists liked his policy,
but there were still critics that disliked the policy and favored noninvolvement in global
politics.

The Square Deal came upon after Roosevelt’s first economic crisis. He demonstrated that he
favored neither business or labor but insisted on a square deal for both. The strike of
the anthracite coal miners was solved when he threatened to take control of the mines. The
owners decided to compromise with Roosevelt and granted a 10 percent wage increase and a
nine-hour workday. Voters liked the square deal so much the election of 1904 was won
decisively by Roosevelt.

The Panama Canal was another good thing he did while in office. Roosevelt had to get a
treaty with Britain in order to begin to dig the canal without British involvement. In
1901 the Hay Pauncefote Treaty helped achieve just this. Roosevelt supported the revolt in
Panama in 1903, because of this the new government of Panama signed the Hay Bunau Varilla
Treaty of 1903. This treaty granted the US long-term control of a Canal Zone.

The Roosevelt Corollary to the Monroe Doctrine in 1904 was another application of the
big-stick policy. Rather than let the Europeans intervene in Latin America which would be
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