Thomas Hobbes Term Paper

This essay has a total of 453 words and 3 pages.

Thomas Hobbes

10 - 01 - 01

Thomas Hobbes (1588 - 1679)

1. Life
Thomas Hobbes was born on April 5, 1588 in Wiltshire. Leading a sheltered and leisured
life, his education was provided his uncle, a tradesman and alderman of Malmesbury. Before
the age of fifteen, he attended school in Magdalen Hall, Oxford. He left in 1608 and
became companion to the eldest son of Lord Cavendish of Hardwicke, which gave him a
permanent connection with the family. He traveled the continent three times, in his life,
with a pupil. In 1610, he visited France, Germany, and Italy and learned the French and
Italian languages. He returned and settled down at Hardwicke and London where he set
himself to be a scholar. In 1628, his pupil died. In 1629, he left for the continent again
with a new pupil and returned in 1631. His third visit lasted from 1634 to 1637. At Paris,
he was an intimate of Mersenne, who was the center of a scientific circle that involved
Descartes and Gassendi. At Florence he held discourse with Galileo. In 1640, after signs
of activity threatening civil war, Hobbes fled to France and stayed there for 11 years.
Here, he had matured the plan for his own philosophical works. In 1651, his greatest work,
Leviathan, was published and he also returned to England where he felt was a safer place
for a philosopher. In 1675, he completed both Iliad and Odyssey when he left London for
the last time. He lived with the Cavendish and died at Hardwicke on December 4, 1679.
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