THOUGHTS ON ACID RAIN Essay

This essay has a total of 1276 words and 5 pages.

THOUGHTS ON ACID RAIN








Acid Rain
THOUGHTS ON ACID RAIN
Acid rain is a serious problem with disastrous effects. Each day this serious problem
increases, many people believe that this issue is too small to deal with right now this
issue should be met head on and solved before it is too late. In the following paragraphs
I will be discussing the impact has on the wildlife and how our atmosphere is being
destroyed by acid rain. CAUSES Acid rain is a cancer eating into the face of Eastern
Canada and the North Eastern United States. In Canada, the main sulfuric acid sources are
non-ferrous smelters and power generation. On both sides of the border, cars and trucks
are the main sources for nitric acid (about 40% of the total), while power generating
plants and industrial commercial and residential fuel combustion together contribute most
of the rest. In the air, the sulfur dioxide and nitrogen oxides can be transformed into
sulfuric acid and nitric acid, and air current can send them thousands of kilometers from
the source. When the acids fall to the earth in any form it will have large impact on the
growth or the preservation of certain wildlife. NO DEFENCE Areas in Ontario mainly
southern regions that are near the Great Lakes, such substances as limestone or other
known antacids can neutralize acids entering the body of water thereby protecting it.
However, large areas of Ontario that are near the Pre-Cambrian Shield, with quartzite or
granite based geology and little top soil, there is not enough buffering capacity to
neutralize even small amounts of acid falling on the soil and the lakes. Therefore over
time, the basic environment shifts from an alkaline to an acidic one. This is why many
lakes in the Muskoka, Haliburton, Algonquin, Parry Sound and Manitoulin districts could
lose their fisheries if sulfur emissions are not reduced substantially. ACID The average
mean of pH rainfall in Ontario's Muskoka-Haliburton lake country ranges between 3.95 and
4.38 about 40 times more acidic than normal rainfall, while storms in Pennsylvania have
rainfall pH at 2.8 it almost has the same rating for vinegar. Already 140 Ontario lakes
are completely dead or dying. An additional 48 000 are sensitive and vulnerable to acid
rain due to the surrounding concentrated acidic soils. ACID RAIN CONSISTS OF...Canada does
not have as many people, power plants or automobiles as the United States, and yet acid
rain there has become so severe that Canadian government officials called it the most
pressing environmental issue facing the nation. But it is important to bear in mind that
acid rain is only one segment, of the widespread pollution of the atmosphere facing the
world. Each year the global atmosphere is on the receiving end of 20 billion tons of
carbon dioxide, 130 million tons of suffer dioxide, 97million tons of hydrocarbons, 53
million tons of nitrogen oxides, more than three million tons of arsenic, cadmium, lead,
mercury, nickel, zinc and other toxic metals, and a host of synthetic organic compounds
Continues for 3 more pages >>




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