To Achieve both Power and Democratic Representatio Essay

This essay has a total of 736 words and 4 pages.

To Achieve both Power and Democratic Representation

While the Constitution intentionally provides checks on congressional power, it also
grants Congress significant powers in three important areas: economic affairs, domestic
affairs, and foreign affairs. In addition, Congress is granted flexibility in the elastic
clause that allows Congress to pass laws that are 'necessary and proper" for executing the
powers explicitly assigned to it in Article 1, section 8 of the Constitution.

It is not only the characteristics of congressmen that make Congress an imperfect mirror
of the people; many congressmen do not see their job as one of simply reflecting the will
of the people. While congressmen in marginal districts may see themselves as delegates of
the people, reflecting the will of the majority of their voter; many other congressmen,
usually those from safer districts, see themselves as trustees who can and will vote their
conscience.

It may appear that whatever role congressmen choose to play, their voters approve, with
over ninety percent of incumbents winning re-election. Of course, there are many other
factors at work. Incumbents have access to greater amounts of campaign money, media
coverage, and have other privileges, for example free use of the postal system. In
addition, congressmen do a great deal of casework on behalf of their voters. This may
explain why polls consistently find that while Americans disapprove of Congress as a
whole, they very much approve of their individual member of Congress.

If the characteristics and roles of congressmen may exclude Congress from being a
legislative mirror of the will of the people, the two-chamber design of Congress goes even
further to deliberately create obstacles to the passage of legislation. These obstacles
slow down the legislative process, leaving it more permeable to the many voices seeking to
be heard. Congress is the repository of public opinion, but will be able to avoid
domination by any one voice.

The legislative process is somewhat streamlined by a variety of rules and norms.
Seniority, political loyalty, civility, and other attempts to smooth the workings of the
United States Congress make an unruly body somewhat less so. In addition, there are a
number of influences working on congressmen to help them make sense of complicated matters
and aid their decision-making when voting on legislation. Party affiliation, voter
demands, presidential leadership, interest group lobbying, valued "cue givers," and even
their own personal convictions can place complex issues in some meaningful framework.

Candidates for congressional seats can be self-selected or recruited by the local
political party. Usually the party attempts to select a candidate that has many of the
social characteristics of the population in the district. It is also likely to pick a
person who has been successful in elections at the local or state level.

Congressional elections are influenced by many factors. One important factor is
presidential elections. If a strong presidential candidate is on the ticket, that
Continues for 2 more pages >>




  • Using NetIQ s AppManager
    Using NetIQ s AppManager Enterprise Network Management J. Banks, J. Brown, E. Kimble, J. Sachsel 1 Organizational Impact of an Enterprise Network Management Solution Using NetIQ’ s AppManager University of Maryland, University College Adelphi, MD Team J3E Members Jeffrey Banks Jeremiah (Pep) Brown Evelyn Kimble Jeffrey Sachsel July 14, 2000 Enterprise Network Management J. Banks, J. Brown, E. Kimble, J. Sachsel 2 Table of Contents Abstract ........................................................
  • Vegetarianism
    Vegetarianism 4. Vegetarianism Vegetarianism is the limitation of ones diet to only vegetables. Vegetarianism has been around for centuries, but recently we have seen the eruption of a more militant vegetarianism that is inspired by the animal "rights" movement. Today, vegetarian activists are throwing pies at Ronald McDonald and the Pork Queen, scrawling "meat is murder" in prominent locations, committing terrorist acts of arson, and waging media campaigns equating meat consumption with canniba
  • THEDORE ROOSEVELT
    THEDORE ROOSEVELT Twenty-sixth U.S. president. Born October 27, 1858 in New York City (fifth cousin of Franklin Delano Roosevelt). A strong nationalist and a resourceful leader, Theodore Roosevelt gloried in the opportunities and responsibilities of world power, and during his years in office he greatly expanded the power of the presidency. He especially enlarged the United States role in the Far East and Latin America. At home he increased regulation of business, encouraged the labor movement,
  • Vegetarianism
    Vegetarianism Vegetarianism Vegetarianism is the limitation of one’s diet to only plants, vegetables, grains, and fruits, without eating any food derived from an animal. There are different extremes of vegetarianism, where you can eat dairy, but not eggs, only milk, etc… And the reasons why people convert to this diet differ. Health, religion, compassion for the animals, it usually varies. Vegetarianism has been around for centuries, beginning with the peaceful Hindu and Buddhist religions, but
  • Vegetarianism
    Vegetarianism Vegetarianism Vegetarianism is the limitation of ones diet to only vegetables. Vegetarianism has been around for centuries, but recently we have seen the eruption of a more militant vegetarianism that is inspired by the animal "rights" movement. Today, vegetarian activists are throwing pies at Ronald McDonald and the Pork Queen, scrawling "meat is murder" in prominent locations, committing terrorist acts of arson, and waging media campaigns equating meat consumption with cannibali
  • Vegetarianism
    Vegetarianism Vegetarianism Vegetarianism is the limitation of ones diet to only vegetables. Vegetarianism has been around for centuries, but recently we have seen the eruption of a more militant vegetarianism that is inspired by the animal "rights" movement. Today, vegetarian activists are throwing pies at Ronald McDonald and the Pork Queen, scrawling "meat is murder" in prominent locations, committing terrorist acts of arson, and waging media campaigns equating meat consumption with cannibali
  • Democracy in Indonesia
    Democracy in Indonesia It seems to me that, if it is admitted that some day we may be forced to have some form of democracy in Siam, we must prepare ourselves gradually. We must learn and educate ourselves. We must learn and experiment so as to have a better idea of how a parliamentary government would work in Siam. We must try to educate people to be politically conscious, to realize their interests so they will not be misled by agitators of mere dreamers of Utopia. If we have a parliament, we
  • Social security
    social security The Inevitable Impossibility: Social Security Reform Nearly every American sees the letters FICA at least once a week. While rushing out of the office or place of employment and scurrying to the bank to cash a well-deserved paycheck, the average American scowls at the roughly 8% the FICA tax inevitably consumes. Yet, ask any American what they plan to use to enjoy life after they retire and the answer is generally uniform: my social security checks. This answer has been repe
  • NAFTA and Mexico
    NAFTA and Mexico Mexico\'s economy is undergoing a stunning transformation. Seven years after the launch of the North American Free Trade Agreement, it is fast becoming an industrial power. Free trade with the U.S. and Canada is turning the country from a mere assembler of cheap, low-quality goods into a reliable exporter of sophisticated products from auto breaks to laptops computers. Although Mexico has seen economic growth lately, it still faces tremendous problems in the aftermath of the 199
  • Paul Reveres Ride
    Paul Reveres Ride Paul Revere\'s Ride is a collection of historical accounts centering around Paul Revere\'s midnight ride to warn the countryside of the battles that occurred. The novel is made up of narrative accounts that tell the whole story of the midnight ride. David Hackett Fischer goes to great lengths to cover every possible angle in telling the story. "Fischer illuminates the figure of Paul Revere, a man far more complex than a simple artisan and messenger"(3). By adding different per
  • Remember the time
    Remember the time Chapter 7 1. nomination- naming those who will seek office 2. self announcement- person who wants to run for an office announces they will run 3. caucus- like minded people who meet to reflect the candidates they will support in an upcoming election. 4. convention- party\'s members meet in a local caucus to pick candidates for local offices, and select delegates to represent them at the country convention. 5. direct primary- election held within the party to pick the party\'s c