Turing machine Essay

This essay has a total of 419 words and 2 pages.

turing machine

A turing machine can be defined as a "device with a finite number of internal
configurations, each of which involves the machine's being in one of a finite number of
states". This means that in a machine there are certain inputs that when implemented will
produce a certain output. These combinations of inputs can be used in a machine table to
show the outputs for each state. By looking at a machine table one will be able to know
which combination of inputs is related to the different states and also what happens at
each state.

Mental states can correlate directly with turing machines in that our minds can be
described by using a machine table. The inputs for the machine table representation of our
mental states can be seen as our perceptions. By saying perception I mean all the sensory
body parts/organs that can perceive an input and send a signal to the mind. These inputs
in turn determine the mental state and the behaviors related to each mental state. Because
our minds can be mapped out using a machine table, each state can be seen as an instance
of functionalism. Functionalism is defined as an object that has a function. Functionalism
can be used to describe a single mental state.

An example of a mental state that is determined by a turing machine can be the feeling of
happiness. In order to be happy there are certain things that are needed to trigger it.
This mental state of being happy is triggered by our perceptions and then causes one to
express their mental state physically. Our physical expression, I believe, can be altered.
Continues for 1 more page >>




  • Alan Turing
    Alan Turing Alan Turing was born in London on 23 June 1912. He was the son of Julius Mathius Turing and Ethel Sara Stoney, the youngest of three children, he was born to a distinguished family. His family background includes diplomats and engineers, three of which succeeded to the Royal Society. Alan turing was educated at Sherbourne school, from 1923 to 1931. After which he studied mathematics at Kings College, Cambridge, graduating in 1935 with a B.A. He was elected a fellow of the college on
  • The First Chapter of computer Languages
    The First Chapter of computer Languages The Tortuous Path of Early Programming. In the perpetual darkness more than two miles below the surface of the North Atlantic, a submersible sled slowly traced the alpine contours of the ocean bottom in the summer of 1985. Named the Argo after the ship in which the legendary Greek Hero Jason sought the Golden Fleece, the 16-foot-long craft resembled a section of scaffolding flung on its side and stuffed with equipment, Powerful lights, sonar, Video cameras
  • Artificial Intelligence
    Artificial Intelligence Artificial Intelligence is based in the view that the only way to prove you know the mind\'s causal properties is to build it. In its purest form, AI research seeks to create an automaton possessing human intellectual capabilities and eventually, consciousness. There is no current theory of human consciousness which is widely accepted, yet AI pioneers like Hans Moravec enthusiastically postulate that in the next century, machines will either surpass human intelligence, or
  • The Turing Test
    The Turing Test The Turing Test was designed by a man named Alan Turing in 1950. It was initially called the "imitation game." Originally, the test was designed to differentiate between males and females. It was played with three people—a man, a woman, and an interrogator. The interrogator would go into a separate room and try to determine who was the man and who was a woman by asking various questions such as "How long is your hair?" or "Do you have an Adam\'s apple?" Based on the answers to th
  • Waht is zen
    Waht is zen What is “Zen” It is a conservative view of some, that the world is a very strange place. Once upon a time, four men and a woman all wished they could meet the perfect person. Each in his or her own way received a message to be at a certain bar at a time and at the third stool from the left, the perfect person would be sitting. The woman got there early, and sat down in the fourth seat to wait. As the time grew closer, she decided it wouldn\'t hurt to "freshen up" and popped into the
  • The History of Computing
    The History of Computing The Computer - Man’s Greatest Achievment Computers are indeed approaching the status of the core operator of every electronic device or utility in the world today. Their “logic” and process can produce results millions of times faster than that of the human brain. They are at the helm of everything from an old walk man to the systems that keep the Earth’s continents in constant communications. They’ll likely soon be the basis of communications between other civilization
  • None Provided2
    None Provided2 Can Computers Think? In order to answer this question thinking must first be defined. Thinking is something that most scientists still dont have a concrete definition of. The human brain is a very complex entity and we still dont completely understand what happens when thoughts are processed. Scientists know that the brain is comprised of neurons that send signals to each other but the actual details are still not known. Bearing this in mind it is very hard to say whether or no
  • None Provided13
    None Provided13 ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE: HOW TO GET A COMPUTER TO WRITE A TERM PAPER WITHOUT DOING ANY WORK ALEX ZIMMERMAN, OSHKOSH NORTH HIGH SCHOOL Can computers think? What is thinking, exactly, and how does one recognize it? What is the correlation, if any, between thinking and consciousness? Could a computer be conscious? For years, science fiction writers have used these questions as material for their stories, from domestic robots who do all the housework to automated spaceships colonizi
  • Where Cognitive Science originated
    Where Cognitive Science originated Cognitive science, in the study of how organisms process information as well carry out life functions. The study of Cognitive science is said to have been originated in the 1940\'s and 1950\'s when researchers in various fields of science began to develop theories on the mind based on "complex representations and computational procedures" (Thagard, Cognitive Science). There are numerous branches of science whose theories contributed to the development of Cogin
  • Alan Turring a dedicated mathematican
    Alan Turring a dedicated mathematican Alan Turing was a dedicated mathematician who devoted his lives works to developing computer knowledge, as we know it today. Alan was born in London, England on June 23, 1912. Alan soon began to attend a local school and his interest in the science fields arose. His teachers an others would try and make him concentrate on other fields such as History an English but his craving for knowledge of mathematics drove him the opposite way. Turing’s prosperous care
  • Can A Computer Lie
    Can A Computer Lie One of the "characters" in the 1968 film 2001: A Space Odyssey (directed by Stanley Kubrick) is a computer called HAL 9000. In addition to having a highly developed artificial intelligence, this computer is shown to have certain human emotions. The computer has a great deal of pride in its own abilities, and this leads to it having feelings of jealousy. At one point in the film, HAL lies about a malfunction on the outside of the spaceship. The computer then proceeds to kill a
  • Quantam computing
    quantam computing What is quantum computing? Quantum Computing is something that could have been thought up a long time ago - an idea whose time has come. For any physical theory one can ask: what sort of machines will do useful computation? or, what sort of processes will count as useful computational acts? Alan Turing thought about this in 1936 with regard (implicitly) to classical mechanics, and gave the world the paradigm classical computer: the Turing machine. But even in 1936 classical me
  • Alan Turing
    Alan Turing Alan Turing is not only credited with being the founder of computer science itself, but also a mathematician, and visionary. His work has had effects not only in the technological world, but also played a role in World War II. Alan Turing was born on June 23, 1912, in Paddington, London. While enrolled as a student at Cambridge University from 1932-35, he studied quantum mechanics, probability and logic which served as major stepping stones for much of his future work. And while at
  • Alan Turing
    Alan Turing Biography: Alan Mathison Turing Alan Mathison Turing was surrounded by enigma, not only did he break many cryptic codes but he also lived a mysterious life. Turing was born on June 23, 1912 in Paddington, London to Julius Mathison and Ethel Sara Turing. Turing\'s father, Julius, was an officer in the British administration in India when he decided that his son would be raised in England. Turing had an older brother named John, who also had a childhood determined by the demands of the
  • Artificial Intellegence: Identification And Descri
    Artificial Intellegence: Identification And Description Of The Issue Artificial Intellegence: Identification And Description Of The Issue Over the years people have been wanting robots to become more Intelligent. In the past 50 years since computers have been around, the computer world has grown like you wouldn\'t believe. Robots have now been given jobs that were 15 years ago no considered to be a robots job. Robots are now part of the huge American government Agency the FBI. They are used to d
  • Computer Intelligence
    Computer Intelligence Can computers think independently and do they have "minds"? This question has been the topic of countless, bad movies since the 1950s as well as a number of science fiction novels. We all believe that we have minds. It is something that is taken for granted but what exactly is a mind and are humans the only to possess them? Ever since the invention of the computer, they have been a mystery, even to the smartest of scientists. With the ongoing development of artificial intel
  • History of Computing
    History of Computing 1 General principles 1 2 Etymology (Where the word is from) 2 3 The exponential progress of computer development 2 4 Classification of computers 2 4.1 Classification by intended use 2 4.2 Classification by implementation technology 3 4.3 Classification by design features 3 4.3.1 Digital versus analog 3 4.3.2 Binary versus decimal 4 4.3.3 Programmability 4 4.3.4 Storage 4 4.4 Classification by capability 4 4.4.1 General-purpose computers 4 4.4.2 Special-purpose computers 6 4.
  • Artificial intelligence
    artificial intelligence Artificial intelligence or Al for short capability of a computer to perform functions that is normally associated with human intelligence, such as reasoning, learning or self-improvement. Its concept requests a lot more than present information to the user; it requires that the machine is not only able to store and manipulate information but also to deal with its meaning . AI is what we call understanding, a combination of computer science, physiology and philosophy. The
  • Computers And Society
    Computers And Society Computers and Society The decade of the 1980\'s saw an explosion in computer technology and computer usage that deeply changed society. Today computers are a part of everyday life, they are in their simplest form a digital watch or more complexly computers manage power grids, telephone networks, and the money of the world. Henry Grunwald, former US ambassador to Austria best describes the computer\'s functions, "It enables the mind to ask questions, find answers, stockpile
  • Language
    language What is the Language of Thought Hypothesis? LOTH is an empirical thesis about the nature of thought and thinking. According to LOTH, thought and thinking are done in a mental language, i.e. in a symbolic system physically realized in the brain of the relevant organisms. In formulating LOTH, philosophers have in mind primarily the variety of thoughts known as ‘propositional attitudes\'. Propositional attitudes are the thoughts described by such sentence forms as ‘S believes that P\',
  • Alan turing
    alan turing Alan W. Stockman Professor Daniels CPT 286 15 February 2003 Alan Turning Alan Turning is known to be a pioneer of many facets of the computer age. The digital computer, artificial intelligence, memory subroutines, the Turning Machine, the Turing Test, and the application of algorithms to computers are all ideas somehow related to this man. Alan Mathison Turing was born in Paddington, London, on June 23, 1912. He was a precocious child and began his interests in science and mathematic
  • The NSA and GCHQ
    The NSA and GCHQ The Development of Monitors By: Professor If you want to keep information secret, you have two possible strategies: hide the existence of the information, or make the information unintelligible. Cryptography is the art and science of keeping information secure from unintended audiences, of encrypting it. Conversely, cryptanalysis is the art and science of breaking encoded data. The branch of mathematics encompassing both cryptography and cryptanalysis is cryptology. This method
  • Turing Machines And Universes
    Turing Machines And Universes a href= http://www.geocities.com/vaksam/ Sam Vaknin\'s Psychology, Philosophy, Economics and Foreign Affairs Web Sites In 1936 an American (Alonzo Church) and a Briton (Alan M. Turing) published independently (as is often the coincidence in science) the basics of a new branch in Mathematics (and logic): computability or recursive functions (later to be developed into Automata Theory). The authors confined themselves to dealing with computations which involved "effec
  • Artificial Intelligence
    Artificial Intelligence The intellectual roots of AI, and the concept of intelligent machines, may be found in Greek mythology. Intelligent artifacts appear in literature since then, with real (and fraudulent) mechanical devices actually demonstrating behaviour with some degree of intelligence. After modern computers became available following World War II, it has become possible to create programs that perform difficult intellectual tasks. Even more importantly, general purpose methods and tool
  • Escapism And Virtual Reality
    Escapism And Virtual Reality Escapism and Virtual Reality ABSTRACT The use of computers in society provides obvious benefits and some drawbacks. \'Virtual Reality\', a new method of interacting with any computer, is presented and its advantages and disadvantages are considered. The human aspect of computing and computers as a form of escapism are developed, with especial reference to possible future technological developments. The consequences of a weakening of the sense of reality based upon th
  • Natural Language Processing
    Natural Language Processing Natural Language Processing There have been high hopes for Natural Language Processing. Natural Language Processing, also known simply as NLP, is part of the broader field of Artificial Intelligence, the effort towards making machines think. Computers may appear intelligent as they crunch numbers and process information with blazing speed. In truth, computers are nothing but dumb slaves who only understand on or off and are limited to exact instructions. But since the
  • Functionalism
    functionalism Functionalism agrees that brain states are responsible for mental states, but disagrees that they are identical with them. To do this, functionalists argue that neurological states or brain activity help to realize mental states, which then lead to behavior. This argument proposes that brain states are low level activities that help realize high level mental states. To help understand this idea I will use the usual Functionalist example of a computer. Imagine that you ask a compute
  • The Turing Test
    The Turing Test One of the hottest topics that modern science has been focusing on for a long time is the field of artificial intelligence, the study of intelligence in machines or, according to Minsky, "the science of making machines do things that would require intelligence if done by men".(qtd in Copeland 1). Artificial Intelligence has a lot of applications and is used in many areas. "We often don\'t notice it but AI is all around us. It is present in computer games, in the cruise control in
  • The Microcomputer
    The Microcomputer In a sense computers have been around for centuries. The abacus, a counting machine, was invented by the Chinese sometime between 500 and 400 BC. The numeral zero was first recognized and written by Hindu\'s in 650 AD, without which written calculations would be impossible. In 1623 the great grandfather of the processor was born, the calculating clock. Wilhelm Schickard of Germany invented this adding, subtracting, multiplying, and dividing machine based on the principle of alg
  • Turing Machines and Universes
    Turing Machines and Universes Sam Vaknin\'s Psychology, Philosophy, Economics and Foreign Affairs Web Sites In 1936 an American (Alonzo Church) and a Briton (Alan M. Turing) published independently (as is often the coincidence in science) the basics of a new branch in Mathematics (and logic): computability or recursive functions (later to be developed into Automata Theory). The authors confined themselves to dealing with computations which involved “effective” or “mechanical” methods for finding
  • Artificial Intelligence
    Artificial Intelligence 2 Artificial Intelligence (AI) is a term that in its broadest sense would indicate the ability of an artifact to perform the same kind of functions that characterize human thought (Encarta). Is artificial intelligence used in companies and everyday people? Also how does A.I. help you? Where is A.I. headed? Are a few questions I will answer for you. Artificial Intelligence is a fairly new subject. “The term ‘Artificial Intelligence’ was first coined in 1956 by an influenti
  • The History Of Computers
    The History Of Computers The History of Computers Whether you know it or not you depend on computers for almost every thing you do in modern day life. From the second you get up in the morning to the second you go to sleep computer are tied into what you do and use in some way. It is tied in to you life in the most obvious and obscure ways. Take for example you wake up in the morning usually to a digital alarm clock. You start you car it uses computers the second you turn the key (General Motors