Types Of Skiing Essay

This essay has a total of 3372 words and 16 pages.

Types Of Skiing

Types of Skiing


Downhill Skiing

In Downhill skiing, competitors take a "set course from start to finish."
They take turns racing and each run is timed. The person with the fastest time
wins. Downhill racers use ski poles to pick up speed at the start and for
balance when they take turns. They try to keep there skis as close as possible
to the snow. As he leaves the starting gate he activates an automatic timing
mechanism. Downhill racing is the fastest Alpine ski racing sport. Champion
skiers reach speeds of over 90 miles per hour on the steep, strait parts of the
course. The turns call for immense skill and powerful muscles. Taking tuns at
fast speeds puts a lot of stress on the legs. The racers use helmets for
protection, because falling at high speeds can be very dangerous. The sport
needs a great deal of courage. The good thing about it is that it is probably
the most exciting ski event ever. Large bumps called moguls, and steep pitches
add to the hazards. The course ranges from about 1 and a half to 3 miles long.
The fastest recorded speed for a man on skis is 129.827 miles per hour. The
fastest recorded speed for a woman is 124.759 miles per hour. Both records were
achieved at Lees Acres, France, in April 1984.

Slalom

In slalom competitors race downhill through a series of gates
represented by pairs of poles. The flags on the gates are either red or blue.
There are three types of events: Slalom, Giant Slalom, and Super-G. Slalom
has many gates and tight turns. Giant Slalom has fewer gates and wider turns.
Super-G is a combination of Giant Slalom and downhill racing.
Getting through the gates of a slalom course calls for great balance and
skill. Races are won on the fastest time, as in downhill, but if a gate is
missed or taken wrongly it means disqualification of the racer. Olympic slalom
events require a course to have a vertical drop of at least 650 feet from the
beginning to the finish.

Cross Country

Cross Country skiing requires great stamina. The standard courses range
from 3 to 30 miles and some are even longer. There are fewer sharp turns or
steep slopes than there are in Alpine racing. In a biathlon competitors make
stops to shoot at targets. They carry their rifles strapped to their backs as
they progress from target to target areas. Time penalties are given for missed
targets.
The big marathons are held in Europe and in North America. Anyone can
take part, from competitors to beginners.
Ski poles play an important part in cross country skiing. The skier
uses the poles to help with the rhythm necessary to keep up a consistent pace
and help to propel forward. The champion Nordic skiers average about 12 miles
per hour. Like long distance runners, they go into a rhythmic stride.

Ski Jumping

Out of all the snow sports, ski jumping is the most spectacular. The
fearless competitors take off from huge ramps and soar through the air before
landing as much as 330 feet away. There are two ski jumping events, the 70m
and the 90m. These are not the height of the ramps, but how far you are
expected to jump. Points are awarded for style as well as for distance. A ski
jumper crouches to gather up speed as he goes down the [in run] of a ski tower.
The position in the air is important, and is judged on steadiness and control.
Ski jumping is probably the oldest form of skiing. Skis used for ski jumping
are heavier, longer, and wider than Alpine skis.

Top Ten Ski Resorts

Killington, Vermont

Killington is the largest ski resort in the Eastern United States. It
has six peaks referred to as separate mountains: Sunrise Mountain, Bear
Mountain, Sky Peak, Killington Peak, Snowdon Mountain, and Ramshead Mountain.
All these Mountains can be skied by skiers of all levels of ability and it is
easy for skiers to move from one mountain to the next. Considering how big
Killington is there are eighteen lifts: six double chairlifts, four triple
chairlifts, five quad chairlifts, two surface lifts, and one Gondola. The
Gondola that they have is three and a half miles long, which is the longest the
longest in North America. Killington's total skiable area is seven-hundred and
twenty-one acres with a vertical drop of three-thousand, one-hundred and sixty
feet. Killington has one-hundred and seven runs. Of these runs, 45% are
beginner runs, 20% are intermediate, and 35% are advanced. Killington's
longest trails are Juggernaut, Timberline, and Cascade, which are all about
ten miles long. Killington's average monthly temperatures during the season
are: 28 degrees in November, 26 degrees in December, 17 degrees in January,
16 degrees in February, 26 degrees in March, and 34 degrees in April.

Snowbird, Utah

One of Snowbird's best features is its easy access. Snowbird is only
thirty-one miles away from Salt Lake International Airport. The airport has
seven buses daily that take people to Snowbird, They also have eight car rental
agencies. Snowbird is a great mountain to ski on. They have wide open runs
that have, moguls, power, or just plain steep runs. Snowbird has an
unbelievable 1,900 acres of skiable terrain and has a total lift capacity of
8,810 skiers per hour. The base is about 8,100 feet and the top of the tram is
about 11,000. This provides a vertical drop of about 2,900 feet. The mountain
is serviced by eight chairlifts: one aerial tram, and seven double chairlifts.
Crowding is usually not a problem at Snowbird even though it is close to a major
city. There is not much crowding because there are a lot of other ski resorts
in that area. It must also be noted that Snowbird is not an easy mountain. The
beginner and intermediate runs that they have are harder than at other resorts.
Snowbird receives about 550 inches of snow annually. Its monthly snowfall is:
Sixty-five inches in November, seventy-six inches in January, eighty-four
inches February, one-hundred and seven inches in March, and seventy-five
inches in April. The longest beginner run is Big Emma at 550 feet long. The
longest intermediate run is Chips Run at two miles long. The longest advanced
run is Silver Fox at about 1.7 miles long.

Steamboat, Colorado

Steamboat has four peaks that are available to ski on: Thunderhead Peak,
Storm Peak, Sunshine Peak, and South Peak. These peaks are 3,600 feet
vertical, the second highest in Colorado. The base elevation is about 6,900
feet and Steamboat's highest peak is 10,500 feet. There are 2,500 skiable acres
and over fifty miles of trails. Steamboat is served by twenty lifts that are:
one eight passenger gondola, one quad chairlift, seven triple chairlifts,
nine double chairlifts, and two ski school lifts. The longest beginner run is
Why Not at three miles. The longest intermediate run is High noon at two and a
half miles. The longest advanced run is Shadows at just under one mile long.
Their annual snowfall is 325 inches. Their monthly snowfall is: 27 inches in
November, 71 inches in December, 63 inches in January, 56 inches in February,
57 inches in March, and 20 inches in April. Average monthly temperatures
during a season are: 28 degrees in November, 18 degrees in December, 15
degrees in January, 18 degrees in February, 26 degrees in March, and 38
degrees in April. Steamboat is an easier mountain as Snowbird is a harder
mountain. In other words, Steamboat does not have as many runs that are
intimidating. They do not even have one double-black diamond to ski on. This
Mouton is more of a family Mountain than anything else. However, the expert runs
are not wimpy. The will challenge the expert, and in the right snow conditions
(Powder), the may be among the best in Colorado.

Sun Valley, Idaho

Sun Valley, like Aspen, has two mountains: Baldy Mountain, and Dollar
Mountain. Dollar Mountain is about two miles away from "Badly." Shuttle buses
run every 15 minutes between both mountains. Shuttle services start about a
half an hour before the lifts open and run until half an hour after the lifts
close. Dollar Mountain is considered primarily a teaching mountain. It is
pretty small, easy, and there is not a single tree on that mountain. Dollar's
base is about 6,010 feet and its summit is at 6,638 feet, giving it a vertical
drop of 628 feet. The entire mountain consists of only 127 acres with uphill
lift service for 5,000 skiers per hour. Bald Mountain is a classic ski mountain,
and it is the mountain for which Sun Valley is most famous for. Baldy has all
the elements' skiers of all ability look forward to when skiing. There are
gentle rolling slopes, steep runs, mogul trails, and bowls filled with deep
powder. Baldy's base is 5,750 feet, the lowest of any Resort located in the
Rocky Mountains. Its summit is 9,150 feet giving it a vertical drop of 3,400
feet. Sun Valley's Mountain snow fall is: 36" in Nov., 60" in Dec., 100" in
Jan., 115" in Feb., and 100" in Mar.. Average monthly temperatures during a
season are: 32 degrees in Nov., 21 degrees in Dec., 19 degrees in Jan., 24
degrees in Feb., and 31 degrees in Mar.

Taos, Mexico

Taos is pretty much a mountain for expert skiers. 51% of the mountain's
runs are expert runs, only 25% are intermediate, and 24% are beginner. The
elevation of Taos at its summit is 11,819 feet. With its base at 9,207 feet,
the vertical drop is 2,612 feet. The longest beginner run is Whitefeather at
3.1 miles long. The longest intermediate run is Honeysuckle at 5.25 miles long.
The longest expert run is Longhorn at just a little over 2 miles. Taos is the
kind of mountain where it is either snowing a lot or it is clear skies. They
get over 323 inches of snow annually, it's monthly average is: 40" in Nov., 36"
Dec., 58" in Jan., 37" in Feb., 63" in Mar., and 39" in Apr. The average
monthly temperatures at the base of the mountain are: 27 degrees in Nov., 21
degrees in Dec., 22 degrees in Jan., 28 degrees in Feb., 32 degrees in Mar., and
39 degrees in Apr..

Telluride, Colorado

By anyone's definition Telluride is a great mountain. Located in
Uncompahgre National Forest deep in the San Jan mountains, it's trails offer
terrain for skiers of every skill level. Telluride mountain has 3,155 vertical
feet. Its base is at 8,735 feet and its summit is at 11,890 feet. They have
735 acres of skiable terrain and it is serviced by: 1 detachable quad chairlift,
6 double chairlifts, 2 triple chairlifts, and 1 Poma lift. The longest beginner
run is Tellyride trail, and the lift that takes you to that run is the world's
detachable quad chairlift at 2.85 miles long. The longest intermediate run is
See Forever, and the longest advanced run is The Plunge. In total, there are 45
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