U.S. Foreign Policy in the Late 19th Century Essay

This essay has a total of 714 words and 3 pages.

U.S. Foreign Policy in the Late 19th Century

The United States, from its inception had a lust for real estate. From the original chants
of "manifest destiny" to the calls for the annexation of Indian territories, America has
been driven to acquire land. In this country's youth, land was needed for economic
expansion; however, by the end of the 19th century, the entire continental United States
had been in possession and the citizenry of this country turned their eyes out to sea. The
United States no longer sought new lands to farm and work nor did they need new areas for
their geological resources; the motives had changed. The United States was now driven by
the temptations of world power and political supremacy. The self-absorbed citizenry looked
upon their intrusion into foreign areas as a moral obligation; to spread the words of
democracy and Christ throughout the world. The Spanish-American War in the final years of
the 19th century perfectly demonstrated this "new" imperialism. In addition the American
intrusion into Chinese affairs during the Boxer rebellion was also proof for the new
motives which governed the international attitude. By the end of the 19th century Spanish
forces in Cuba were in an all out battle with nationalist rebels. The Spanish army had
tortured and killed thousands of innocent Cubans in their efforts to maintain control of
Cuba. The American "Yellow Press" under the leadership of Pulitzer and others wrote
horrific articles about the war in Cuba and called for the imposition of the United States
into the matter under the flag of moral obligation. President McKinley and his war hungry
Congress saw this as a perfect opportunity to have a "nice little war" and bolster the
status of the United States in the international community. The war with Spain also gave
McKinley am excuse to invade the Spanish controlled Philippine islands, an important naval
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