Us constitution

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us constitution



The US Constitution
The Constitution is the basis of all laws in the United States. This Constitution is a
document written by "outcasts" of England. The Constitution of the United States sets
forth the nation's fundamental laws. It establishes the form of the national government
and defines the rights and liberties of the American people. It also lists the aims of the
government and the methods of achieving them. The Constitution was written to organize a
strong national government for the American states. Previously, the nation's leaders had
established a national government under the Articles of Confederation. But the Articles
granted independence to each state. They lacked the authority to make the states work
together to solve national problems.


After the states won independence in the Revolutionary War (1775-1783), they faced the
problems of peacetime government. The states had to enforce law and order, collect taxes,
pay a large public debt, and regulate trade among themselves. They also had to deal with
Indian tribes and negotiate with other governments. Leading statesmen, such as George
Washington and Alexander Hamilton, began to discuss the creation of a strong national
government under a new constitution.


The United States is a republic that operates under a federalist system. The national
government had specific enumerated powers, and the fifty states retain law biding powers
over their citizens and their residents. Both the national government and the state
government are divided into three different branches, executive, legislative, and
judicial. Written constitutions, both federal and state form a system of separated powers.


Amendments to the Constitution of the United States may be proposed in two ways:
(1) If two-thirds of both houses approve, Congress may propose an amendment. The amendment
becomes a law when ratified either by legislatures or by conventions in three-fourths of
the states.

(2) If the legislatures of two-thirds of the states ask for an amendment, Congress must
call a convention to propose it. The amendment becomes a law when ratified either by the
legislatures or by conventions in three fourths of the states. This method has never been
used.


The Federal Government is comprised of three branches: Executive Branch, the Legislative
Branch, and the Judicial Branch. The executive branch includes the President the vice
President, the cabinet and all federal departments, and most governmental agencies. The
President has the power to make treaties, but only with two-thirds of the US senate The
President of the US has the power to nominate all Supreme Court Justices, all other
federal juries, ambassadors, and all other officers of the United States. The President
had the jurisdiction to veto legislation. The vice President is the President of the
Senate.

The President is the head of the thirteen government departments. These departments are
not listed in the constitution and have varied in name and in number over the years.
Currently they are the DEPARTMENTS OF STATE, TREASURY, DEFENSE, JUSTICE, INTERIOR,
AGRICULTURE, COMMERCE, LABOR, HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES, HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT,
TRANSPORTATION, ENERGY, and EDUCATION. The heads of each department form the cabinet,
which is the highest advisory group to the President. The executive branch also includes
dozens of government agencies. There is a difference between departments and agencies.
Agencies have a very specific purpose while the departments are broader. Heads of any
governmental agencies are not members of the cabinet.


All federal legislative powers are vested in the Congress of the United States, which
contain two chambers, a Senate and a House of Representatives. There are one hundred
Senators, two from each of the fifty states. Senators serve six-year terms. The House of
Representatives has 435 members, the population of each state determines this number. Each
state is granted minimum of one representative. Each representative serves a two-year
term.


The powers of Congress are specifically enumerated in the Constitution and include, among
other things, the power to lay and collect taxes, duties, and tariffs. Congress also has
the power to regulate commerce with foreign nations, among several states, and with Indian
tribes.


To pass a law, a bill must be passed by both the House and the Senate, and signed by the
President. The President has the option of vetoing the legislation, but the Congress can
override the veto with a two-thirds vote of both chambers.


The Congress also has substantial powers in overseeing the activities of the executive
branch. The House of Representatives has the sole power to impeach the President and other
officers, and the Senate the sole power to try impeachment. U.S. Congressional committees
may demand disclosure of information and require agency officials to testify before them.
Congressional committees do much of Congress’ work. The number and scope of congressional
committees can change, particularly when political control of the chamber changes parties
and when the jurisdiction of committees overlaps, as is often the case.


Practically all the elections in the United States are the same, except the presidential
election, which happens every four years. All political elections are based on two major
parties, the democrats, and the republicans. Both parties have different beliefs and
usually stick to them.


Presidential elections however are quite different. Two candidates, or more, run for the
office of president. Along with the presidential office is the vice presidential office.
The Presidential candidates choose a running mate (the vice president hopeful). All
parties, weather an independent or a popular party, have what they call a "platform". This
"platform" is made up of many "planks", which are what each party believes in and stands
for. When it comes time for the legal citizens to vote upon an official, they go into
voting areas and vote for each president. However, the citizens do not vote for the
president directly. They vote for his electors, which are regular people chosen by each
candidate to vote fore the president. Then the electors vote for the president. Each state
has a different number of electors equal to the number of representatives.



What it means to be a citizen many people say, well the rights of citizens differ from
nation to nation. The Constitution of the United States provides the basic rights of
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