Was the civil war genecide Essay

This essay has a total of 759 words and 4 pages.

Was the civil war genecide





Have Historians Overemphasized Slavery
As a Cause of the Civil War?


The Civil War took more American lives than any other war in history. It was a war of
division. It was brother against brother; north against south; and person against person
fighting that left a heritage of grief and bitterness that in part still remains to this
day. It was a great turning point in American history. It abolished slavery completely
in the United States, and also cemented the Union of the states. What was the cause of
such a transformation? To this day, historians have not agreed on one general cause of
the Civil War. Some argue that slavery was the main cause. Others believe that the war
resulted from economic rivalry between the industrial North and the agricultural South.
Do historians overemphasize the issue of slavery as the cause of the Civil War? No,
slavery was the basic problem behind the start of the war. It was the root of all other
issues that came up between the north and the south.

According to Webster's American Heritage Dictionary, a slave is " A bond servant digested
of all freedom and personal rights; a human being who is owned by and wholly subject to
the will of another." Therefore, the definition of slavery is, "The owning and keeping of
slaves as a practice or institution." Is this an acceptable way of living? With an issue
like this, there is bound to be differing opinions between people. The South depended on
slavery. It had become their way of life. Not every Southerner owned a slave, but all
Southerners favored the slavery system. They saw it as a permanent basis to their
society. The Northerners were getting ideas that the South wanted to enslave the entire
country through their control of the national government. They believed that the Slave
Power would overthrow the Republican Government. The definition of slavery had gone from
the institution of black slaves in the south, to the absence of liberty and equality with
absolutely no Republicanism present. Slavery was taking over the nation. The main
focuses of the Republican campaigns from 1856 to 1860 were to enlist Northern voters in
plans to drive the Slave Power from its control over the country's government (holt, pg.
299). Holt states that, "Much more important was the campaign [the Republicans] ran to
obtain power, their skill in politicizing the issues at hand in such a way as to convince
Northern voters that control of the national government by an exclusive Northern party was
necessary to resist Slave Power aggressions" (pg. 299). All in all, the North and the
South had completely different views on the subject of slavery, and both sides were going
to do whatever they could to prove the opposite side was wrong. Holt believes that, "The
Republicans won more because of what they were against than because of what they were for,
because of what they wanted to stop, not what they hoped to do…"(holt, pg. 299).

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