What challenges faced the tsar Nicholas II of Russ Essay

This essay has a total of 890 words and 4 pages.

What challenges faced the tsar Nicholas II of Russia between 1894-1917?

Before 1917 in Russia there was one supreme ruler with full autocratic power, there were
no elected policies by law and the tsar was seen to have been put into his position by
god. Between 1894-1917 the tsar came under pressure generally not suffered by any of his
predecessors. The opposition came from four main sides;

The government and reform; the actual character of Nicholas II hindered his time in
office, for example his outlooks on situations meant he did not trust a lot of his
advisors, he was also seen to have been very lazy with respects to making decisions, other
observations included him being, weak, timid and lacked guts. This all adds up to a very
weak leader that is vulnerable to opposition, due to his tunnel vision and un-ability to
see the main needs of the country. The duma was another challenge to the tsar; after the
1905 revolution the tsar had set up an elected body called the duma, this was a way of
showing the public that he could be open minded in that delegating decisions to other
people, looking back in hindsight this would also be seen as a challenge to the tsar as he
never gave the duma any real power, and were easily dissolved, this meant that people were
further angered and he was receiving opposition from all sides, it did however hold off
opposition for a small period of time in order for the tsar to retain his power. Other
individuals had an influence to the challenges facing the tsar, Nicholas had brought some
new people in to try and conquer some problems, these included Rasputin who he had
originally appointed to become saviour of family, he managed to influence the tsar in many
of his decisions, this inevitably caused there to be conflict as the he was relying on
Rasputin to relay details of the state of the country, these were not accurate which meant
that tsar could not act upon opposition. Other people did help the tsar for example
stolypin and his reforms.

The need to modernise in Russia was a problem that the tsar had to face between the years,
at the time in question, Russia was very backwards in the way that it farmed its lands,
its economy was behind that of the rest of Europe, this meant that action had to be taken,
in this area the tsar did have some successes. This can include his decision to employ
sergi witte who looked at the countries economic problems and managed to secure foreign
loans that could develop other areas of the country, which include the trans Siberian
railway, at first the reforms were seen as a success but looking back it is seen that
Russia was too dependent on foreign loans, the railways were also never actually finished.
The tsar at the time was facing problems but it has to be argued that he could have worked
upon these before, as he only started to implement a lot of his reforms after the scare of
the 1906 revolution. The agriculture side of Russia was another factor that was causing
the tsar a challenge, this factor was however conquered through Stolypins reforms; the
peasants were now given more space / land to farm and live in.

Opposition groups were also seen to have been a big opponent to the tsar: in 1906 Nicholas
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