Essay on Women In The Labour Force

This essay has a total of 1137 words and 5 pages.

Women In The Labour Force

The past decades their has been a dramatic increase of women participating in the labour
force from countries all over the world including Canada. In 1950, one Canadian worker in
five was a woman. By 1980 this percentage had doubled, and women are expected to make up
more than 44 percent of the labour force by the end of this century.


The increase in female participation started occurring during the 1970's. This increase
also caused the largest baby boom that the Canadian female labour force had ever
witnessed.


In North America it is common for women to have part-time or summer jobs, and the
participation rate of teenage girls is high. It is also mostly high throughout the world
in places as United Kingdom because of the fewer women going to school. But in places like
France, Italy, and Japan the female participation rate is very low. In most of the
countries the labour force is most participated in the age groups between 20 and 24. The
labour force of mature women is very high in Sweden, because of the encouraged day care
facilities which also provides the females with legislation that provides them with
excellent benefits. In Japan there is a drop in female economic activity, the reason why
is it affects their marriage and the care of their only child.


An observation of labour force participation rates in Canada show that female rates rose a
lot between 1971 and 1981, while the male rate rose unnoticeably. The increase in the
female participation rate was found in all age groups except in older women. For women
aged 15 to 19 the rate was as almost as high as the men. But the largest increase was in
the age group of 25-44 years old, where the rate rose almost 50 percent. This meant that
the participation rates of the females had become more alike with the men.


Family status also influenced the female participation rate but later on during 1981 it
had a more less affect than in 1971. According to statistics just over one quarter of
married women with young children were working, but this later changed and grew by 76
percent over the a 10 year period of time. The rate also showed an increase of 47 percent
for widowed, divorced, and separated women with children. However single women with young
children showed a slight decrease. However the female participation rate is not so much
related to family status as today as it was many years ago.


During the period of 1971 through 1981 the involvement of married women went through a
major change. Fewer women saw marriage as a reason to interrupt their participation in the
job force, and couple tended to postpone having children or not having any at all. While
women with young children tended to participate less in the labour market and quit their
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