WOODROW WILSON Book Report

This essay has a total of 1096 words and 5 pages.


WOODROW WILSON





Woodrow Wilson, Premier Clemenceau, Prime Minister Lloyd George and Premier Orlando
started the Versailles Treaty committee. Wilson worked to win the Senates consent of the
Treaty of Versailles when he returned to America in July of 1919. Basically the treaty
forced on Germany the burden of reparations, and to take complete blame for the war.
Woodrow Wilson felt that the treaty was too harsh, placing unrealistic goals on Germany.
Wilson wanted to add his Fourteen Points, which was a less harsh approach to punish
Germany. Unfortunately not all the points were added to the Treaty of Versailles, but some
points were introduced into the treaty. The Treaty that President Wilson agreed on did not
include freedom of the seas or reduced tariffs, but he did hope that the Senate would
agree to the League of Nations. The Senate, to the regret of Wilson, overruled the treaty.
This was mainly because the reservationists, as they were called, couldn’t support
the treaty for many reasons. They didn’t want to subject the United States into
foreign entanglements. They also didn’t want the Senate’s constitutional power
to declare war taken away from them. Wilson would have to compromise in order gain the
support of the reservationists, but compromising was one thing he refused to do. In fact,
the more his advisers urged him to compromise, the more rigid Wilson became. Although the
ineptitude and stubbornness of Wilson was damaging to the amending of the Treaty of
Versailles, it was not the only thing that led to its defeat.

Unfortunately for Wilson there were many people who opposed his ideas and that of those in
the Treaty of Versailles. A speech given by William Borah, a past member of the Senate, is
displayed in Document A. He is criticizing the League of Nations saying that we must not
rely on other countries to solve our problems, also that we must not allow ourselves to be
subject to “an international army” and anyone “other than our own
people.” He stresses that if the president wouldn’t even allow an
“international army” to get involved, then how could the League possibly work.
In the political cartoon, Document E, the artist is portraying Woodrow Wilson and foreign
entanglements getting married. Objecting to the marriage is the United States Senate,
holding a paper of their constitutional rights. The Senate largely opposed the League
Covenant –Article 10-, the League of Covenant required member nations to attempt to
solve disputes peacefully. If that attempt fails, the nations were to observe a waiting
period before going to war. This Article took away Senates constitutional power to declare
war. They were upset about this; they wanted their constitutional rights protected.
Document H strongly urges The League of Nations, yet it criticizes both the Republicans
who got involved and Woodrow Wilson. W.E.B. De Bois criticizes Wilson, saying that if he
weren’t so stubborn and “idiotic” then the League of Nations would have
worked. Since Wilson wasn’t willing to compromise with the Republicans, the United
States must suffer by not joining in at the assembly of the League of Nations, which is
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