Paper on World war I

This essay has a total of 1563 words and 9 pages.

World war I



In exploring the origins of the First World War, many diverse theories have been argued to
whom is primarily responsible for the commencement of World War I. Lenin indicted
imperialism as the principal cause of the war. Woodrow Wilson saw the culprit in secret
diplomacy. Wilhelm II blamed an anti-German conspiracy led by the English. Sir Edward
Grey, the British foreign secretary quoted in his memoirs that the primary factor leading
to war was the arms race. In the drafting of the Versailles treaty, the triumphant Allies
bluntly asserted Germanyís responsibility. Norman Rich wondered why Germany, if it aims
had indeed been so single-minded, did not start the war earlier and under more favorable
odds

Bismarck, the man who led Germany throughout the 1800ís and prepared a powerful nation for
the turn of the century, established economic stability and allowed the industrial sector
to grow and prosper through the industrial revolution. . This Napoleanic leader unified
surrounding states into a country with stable roots and a firm hold on the public sector.
The stage was set for Germany to expand and rise in the ranking of a European superpower.

The British saw the Germans flexing their economic muscle, which raised a few drew the
attention of neighboring countries. Europeís economic balance was being upset by the
breaking of the Status Quo with Germanyís inflating power over the surrounding territory.
Germany expanded their military capabilities by extensive funding toward the defense of
their territory. Many saw this an act of maybe not war but certain aggression. Others
believed that Germany was simply protecting their resources in case of external
confrontation. France and Russia sided with the English and the Austrian Government was
unstable with the assassination of the Arch Duke Ferdinand. The way any significant
conflict was resolved was acting upon the human natural instinct to defend when felt
threatened. Conclusive evidence suggests that perhaps the Germans were bullied into
defending what they thought was rightfully thereís. A familiar question that is commonly
heard in regards to the subject is whether or not German aims were shaped by the desire to
establish there own place in European society

as a nation that feels itís need to secure their position both defensively and
economically or whether German policy was reactive, dictated by the fear of being
encircled by a coalition of hostile powers. If it is true that Germany was driven by
aggressive instincts, then of course Britain, France, and Russia were justified in
preparing their defenses. The answers to these questions may never be unanimously agreed
upon but there are a few puzzles that remain. Why did Germanyís efforts to break the
Triple Entente yield no more than momentary victories? Why was Britain so reluctant to
apply to Germany, for the purpose of managing it in Europe, the same formula that had
brought about an improvement in Anglo-French and Anglo-Russian relations.

This deteriorating situation leads readers to believe that the parties involved were not
concerned with the ramifications of global war. Instead of weighing out their actions,
the always present element of pride blinds the harsh reality of what might be our
planetís first war of many nations. This same pride stands in the way of a chance to
resolve the economic instabilities that have sprouted in Europe and cure any instabilities
that Germany might have had in regards to its neighbors.


Russo-German Treaty of bjorkoe, 24 July 1905

1. In the event that one of the two empires will be attacked by a European power, its ally
will come to its assistance in Europe with all of its land and sea forces


2. The high contracting parties pledge not to conclude a separate peace with any common enemy.

3. The present treaty will come into force as soon as peace between Russia and Japan has
been made, and will remain valid unless notice is given one year in advance.


4. His Majesty the Emperor of all the Russians will take, once this treaty has come into
effect, the necessary steps to acquaint France with its terms and will request (France) to
join in as an ally.


This treaty signifies a great deal. The impression that Germany was gathering its forces
was probably what the Germans had in mind to begin with. With an economy booming, the
next logical step in reaching worldly status is to find friends to assist you in your
endeavors. Russia was the logical choice as an ally due to their close proximity and
their indirect influence. Germany must have felt provoked or at least threatened into
feeling challenged. The Germans were not about to jeopardize the progress that has been
made thought the past fifty years, and in securing their resources they are, as well,
defining their intentions to the English


Witte to Kokovzev, 5 January 1906

"You are authorized by His Majesty the Emperor (Nicholas II) to declare to M. Rouvier that
the Imperial Government will lend (in the Moroccan question) its moral support in exerting
an influence on the German government. In general, His Majesty, in view of the ties of
friendship and alliance, is always disposed to lend support to the French government . .
."

This exert solidifies, in a sense, the relationship between France and Russia and
distances the Russians from their responsibilities owed to Germany in a war time struggle.
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