Film And Cinema

Pittsburgh Symphony Orchestra Pittsburgh Symphony Orchestra founded in 1895, gave its first concert the following year under the direction of Frederic Archer. Victor Herbert was the chief conductor from 1898 to 1904; he was succeeded by Emil Paur (1904–10). The orchestra was then disbanded. It was revived in 1926, and over the next decade it was led by Elias Breeskin (1927–30) and Antonio Modarelli (1930–37). The orchestra was reorganized by Otto Klemperer in 1937. Fritz Reiner was chief conduct
Alfred Hitchcock ALFRED HITCHCOCK He was known to his audiences as the \'Master of Suspense\' and what Hitchcock mastered was not only the art of making films but also the task of taming his own imagination. Director of many works such as Vertigo, Psycho, The Birds and The 39 steps, Hitchcock told his stories through intelligent plots, witty dialogue and tales of mystery and murder. In doing so, he inspired a new generation of film makers and revolutionized the thriller film, making him a legend
The Making of Evita INTRODUCTION As I sit here at my computer, I am at a standstill trying to decide where to start. How do you condense a person into ten short pages, and still enable the reader to ‘get to know’ them. I have decided that the task is nearly impossible, even in the telling of a life that was tragically so short. Evita, as the people affectionately knew her, entered into this world with nothing and left with everything. From a poor peasant girl growing up in the pampas, to a popul
The Making of Evita1 INTRODUCTION As I sit here at my computer, I am at a standstill trying to decide where to start. How do you condense a person into ten short pages, and still enable the reader to ‘get to know’ them. I have decided that the task is nearly impossible, even in the telling of a life that was tragically so short. Evita, as the people affectionately knew her, entered into this world with nothing and left with everything. From a poor peasant girl growing up in the pampas, to a popu
Eyes Wide Shut The "haunting" effects of Stanley Kubrick\'s Eyes Wide Shut can be identified as creating curiosity, fear and anxiety in the viewer. They can be understood as painting a mosaic of symbolism in the viewer\'s eye, and as depositing fragments of concepts inside his mind. The film\'s slow pace seems to open wide gaps between the joints of the story\'s framework, causing the viewer to lose his secure sense of balance during the progression of the plot. Eyes Wide Shut is not a tale of t
The Bicycle Theif "The Bicycle Thief" is a deeply moving neo-realist study of post-War Italy which depicts one man’s loss of faith and his struggle to maintain personal dignity in poverty and bureaucratic indifference. Antonio Ricci is a bill-poster whose bicycle, essential for his job, is stolen by a thief. Joined by his son Bruno, Antonio vainly searches for his bike, eventually resorting to the humiliation of theft himself. Throughout this paper, I will attempt to trace the character through
Censorship in Australia No society has ever existed, as far as we know, which has not exercised some form of censorship over the conduct and opinions of its members… Good morning teachers and students. Censorship by the government infringes upon the rights of the individual and inhibits freedom of expression. Now, censorship is a broadly used term so what exactly IS censorship? Well, censorship is defined by the Australian Macquarie Dictionary as ‘the actions of a censor – that is, an official w
LEtranger In L’etranger, an existentialist novel written by Albert Camus, the reader begins to discover that women are treated abusively or poorly. The main character in L’etranger, Meursault, views women as lesser than men; which ultimately conveys how women were thought of in Africa for that time period. In the second chapter, the reader first begins to get an idea of Meursault character, and his feelings towards women. After swimming with Marie Cordona, who once worked as a typist at Meursaul
Magic Realism Magic Realism appeared as a critical term for the arts and it later extended to literature. The term was first used by the German critic Franz Roh in 1925 to characterize a group of Post-Expressionist painters. Franz Roh described it as a form in which “our real world re-emerges before our eyes, bathed in the clarity of a new day.” It was later replaced by “New Objectivity.” Magic Realism survived to define a narrative tendency in Latin America during 1949 to 1970. It can be define
The importance of the character of Marie in The Outsider The purpose of this essay is to bring to light the significance of Marie as a character in Albert Camus’, ‘The Outsider’. Through analysis and criticism, this essay endeavors to reveal her importance as an aid to the better the reader’s understanding of the personality of Meursault, the protagonist of the novel. Marie is first introduced to the reader in chapter two of part one. The description of Marie that Camus gives us in this chapter
One dark body Jason MacMaster AFAS 300 Essay #2 February 16, 2000 Two Ideals In One Dark Body One race, enslaved for hundreds of years and taken away from their homeland, only to awake in foreign territories completely conflicting with their racial and native cultural heritage. The Africana heritage is a deep, intrinsic one with roots tied to the earliest know human existence, but within today\'s society, their ancestry has been created to be multi-cultural and shifted away from their original i
The Role of Propaganda in the Nazi Takeover The Role of Propaganda in the Nazi Takeover When one thinks of the term "propaganda", what comes to mind? Would it bring a positive response? Would it bring a negative response? When one thinks of "propaganda" in association with the Holocaust, what comes to mind? A positive response or a negative response? Most likely a negative response. Why is "propaganda" any different from what any political party or regime does, namely to disseminate its views? I
Birth of a Nation D. W. Griffith’s epic tale told in Birth of a Nation was a shocking one. The movie set box office records, taking in over eighteen million dollars. When it was released, it was one of the longest films ever made, over three hours in length. Some film scholars say that it is the most important film ever released. But despite all of these records and achievements, the story and the way that blacks of the South were depicted haunted blacks for decades to come. Showing the black ma
Inside Caligari and The Last Laugh Inside Caligari and The Last Laugh The films, The Cabinet of Dr. Caligari and The Last Laugh were very important films. They opened new doors to cinema. They showed the world that films don’t have to leave you feeling really good about life and the world we live in. By this I mean that the two films listed above tell the viewers about the power people posses and the misuse of that power. There are different ways to misuse power; the rich take power for granted,
Joseph Goebbles biography Master propagandist of the Nazi regime and dictator of its cultural life for twelve years, Joseph Goebbels was born into a strict Catholic, working-class family from Rheydt, in the Rhineland, on 29 October 1897. He was educated at a Roman Catholic school and went on to study history and literature at the University of Heidelberg under Professor Friedrich Gundolf, a Jewish literary historian renowned as a Goethe scholar and a close disciple of the poet Stefan George. Goe
Propaganda and Censorship Propaganda and Censorship The Nazi=s used many different types of propaganda and used various methods to censor. These included, the press, the radio, loud speakers, books, theatre, art and music, rallies and campaigns and films. In the press nonÓNazi newspapers and magazines were closed down and taken over. Goebbels also told editors what they could and could not print. All of the radio stations were placed under Nazi control and cheap massÓproduced radios were sold. T
Propganda PROPAGANDA BATTLES Though propaganda has never been a substitute for military strength, extensive resources, or skillful negotiation, it has often played an important role in wartime strategy.(Propaganda,1) Propaganda really influnced both sides of World War II. In this paper I will show why the Nazi party best benifited from the use of prapaganda. Adolf Hilter use it to turn people against jews, blacks and about every one else that was not German and he also use it to make people want
World War 1 Propaganda "Lead this people into war, and they\'ll forget there was ever such a thing as tolerance. To fight, you must be brutal and ruthless, and the spirit of ruthless brutality will enter into the very fiber of national life, infecting the Congress, the courts, the policeman on the beat, the man in the street." It is one of history\'s great ironies that Woodrow Wilson, who was re- elected as a peace candidate in 1916, led America into the first world war. With the help of a propa
analisis A Historical Drama The 1996 Luhrmann version of Romeo and Juliet is unusual because it takes place in modern times. This creates an interesting setting for a play written in the 15th century. Luhrmann manages to create a movie that is remarkably faithful to the play\'s vision and sense of tragedy without drastically changing the play. The characters of Romeo and Juliet are a colorful group. Their changes in the movie are subtle, but noticeable. The nurse in the play is a blabbermouth, a
analysis http://wwwph1.cc.emory.edu/WHEEL/archive/97oct10/news/missam.htmlA Historical Drama The 1996 Luhrmann version of Romeo and Juliet is unusual because it takes place in modern times. This creates an interesting setting for a play written in the 15th century. Luhrmann manages to create a movie that is remarkably faithful to the play\'s vision and sense of tragedy without drastically changing the play. The characters of Romeo and Juliet are a colorful group. Their changes in the movie are s
Animation is getting more popular today Animation is getting more popular today Animation, motion pictures created by recording a series of still images-of drawings, objects, or people in various positions of incremental movement. When played back no longer appear individually as static images but combine to produce the illusion of unbroken motion. The term animation applies to creations on film, video, or computers, and even to motion toys, which usually consist of a series of drawings or photo
Atomic Diplomacy Atomic Diplomacy Revisted: U.S. Nuclear Security Policy, Kennen to Kissenger The emergence of the United States as a dominant party in balance of power equations is a relatively new phenomenon in world history. New military technology coupled with increased global integration has allowed the United States to reinvent the fundemental assumptions of international diplomacy while propelling itself to the top of the hedgemonic stepladder. This positioning was achieved peacemeal duri
Brazils Film Industry Past to Present “Brazil’s Film Industry: Past to Present” Within a year of the Lumiere brother’s ‘first experiment’ in Paris in 1896, the cinematography machine appeared in Rio de Janeiro. Ten years later, the capital boasted 22 cinema houses and the first Brazilian feature film, Os Estranguladores (“The Stranglers”) by Antonio Leal, had been screened. From then on Brazil’s film industry made continuous progress and, although it has never been large, its output over the yea
Clerks Founder of Slacker Comedy Clerks Clerks, Kevin Smith’s 1994 debut as a writer and director of full-length films, made the “slacker comedy” genre famous. Slacker comedy is a genre essentially characterized by low budget filming, lower class characters and urban settings. Following the fairly successful formula of the 1991 release of Slacker, Clerks shows a day in the life of a couple of main characters with little action, but lots of dialogue. The cheap, black and white camera, used becaus
Dali and surrealism The surrealism movement took place during the aftermath of WWI and started in primarily in France. Surrealism was more of a broad range cultural /social project interested in liberating the human society from conscious and logical thinking to create a utopian society, than an art movement. The surrealism movement was in search of a gateway into society’s subconscious, the break down of rational and logical thinking, (The marvelous.) Surrealist artwork concentrated on individu
Digital Revolution Abstract This essay intends to discuss the following statement; Digital Broadcasting will have a fundamental effect on viewing patterns, popular culture and audience identity. This will be done firstly by looking at the history of the BBC and the original intention of Public Service Broadcasting. It will discuss how by John Reith’s successful approach to broadcasting, the BBC became a National Institution creating popular culture and a National Identity. It will examine how th
Film Noir Forty years after Raymond Borde and Étienne Chaumeton defined the challenge, critical commentators on film noir continue to grapple with it. Ironically, American writers did not immediately take up consideration of this indigenous phenomenon and the question of its "essential traits." Only gradually in a frequently cross-referenced series of essays in the 1970s did they begin to express themselves. There are now a dozen full-length books in English concerning film noir and undoubtedly
film Production In the period previous to the 1930\'s, the predominant form of filmmaking was that of the crank camera. This is not to say that motor-driven cameras were not possible. However, the motors to advance the film were so large that they were simply too cumbersome to be effective. Thus, it was the cameraman himself who would crank the film at a steady rate to expose the frames. When it came to showing the film, on the other hand, motor driven projectors were quite convenient, and by th
General Lee General Lee in Perspective: A Comparison in Character Development Even among the free, it is not always easy to live together. There came a time, less than a hundred years ago, when the people of this country disagreed so bitterly among themselves that some of them felt they could not go on living with the rest. A test of arms was made to decide whether Americans should remain one nation or become two. A man named Robert E. Lee led the armies of those who believed in two nations. Wha
Justice and Liberty For All "Justice and Liberty for All?" Generations of Americans have prided themselves on living in a country that promotes "justice and liberty for all." Unfortunately for many of us, this is far from the truth. Daily people experience the misfortune and hatred that goes along with being labeled a "minority." Today we\'ll explore some of the terms and theories that define the minority status. Let\'s first start with defining the term minority. Obviously there are about as ma
Kane George Orson Welles, known more commonly as Orson Welles was a director, producer, writer, and actor. Mr. Welles was born on May 6, 1915, in Kenosha, Wisconsin. His father was an inventor and manufacturer and his mother a talented pianist. Welles was regarded as an absolute genius from early childhood and his creative abilities were encouraged and nurtured. His early childhood was to a large extent, directed by his mother\'s physician and admirer, Dr. Maurice Bernstein. (Russell 9) He made
Macbeth Polanski or Freeston Macbeth is one of the greatest of Shakespeares tragedies. It is a timeless classic that has been interpreted by many a director/producer. Today in the age of film and cinema it is the interpretations of the two great producers Polanski and Freeston, whose very contrasting styles have brought about two very different ways to view and experience the story of Macbeth. When focusing on the murder scene (Act II Scene II) we can see how great this difference is. Polanski p
madonna One of the most famous controversial women in the world is Madonna Louise Ciccone. She is one of the biggest female popstars of the twentieth century. Madonna is an artist that knows how to take everything she does to an extreme. Madonna was born on the 16th of August 1958, in Rochester, Michigan. She was the first girl born to the Ciccone family, which already consisted of five boys. She grew up in a very strict environment. When Madonna reached the age of six, her mother grew ill from
Norma Rae Norma Rae. It is easy to see why the film, Norma Rae, received great praise at the time of its making. Sally Field gives a heartwrenching performance, providing a realistic portrayal of the shockingly oppressive working climate of the blue-collar worker. This is an older movie, thus sustaining the elements of the \'Hollywoodism\' that are prominent now to a minimum. Nevertheless, the director successfully portrayed reality through exhibition of a certain culture, language, gender rolin
Quentin Tarantino Biography Biography for Quentin Tarantino Nickname QT Mini biography In January of 1991 a film titled Reservoir Dogs (1992) hit the Sundance Film festival. The writer - director was a first timer by the name of Quentin Tarantino. The film garnered critical acclaim and the director became a legend in the England, UK and the cult film circuit. Three years later he followed up \'Dogs\' with the film Pulp Fiction (1994). \'Pulp\' premiered at the Cannes film festival, where it won
Soviet propaganda The soviet communist party, or the Bolsheviks, always new that strong propaganda was essential to increase the consciousness of the masses. As stated in the Encyclopedia of Propaganda, " propaganda was central to Marxist-Lennist ideology long before the Bolshevik revolution of 1917."(675) The power of persuasion and coercion were exercised with great force by Soviet leaders. The two leaders whom utilized propaganda to influence public opinion in the USSR were Vladimir Lennon an
spike lee Spike Lee The man we know as “Spike” was born Shelton Jackson Lee on March 20, 1957 in Atlanta ,Georgia. The first of five children, he got the nickname Spike from his mother for being “a tough baby”. Spike’s tendency to be difficult is one that goes right back to the crib. The infant Spike, much like the man he grew into, was small but loud. The family he was born into was great for a number of reasons. His parents, college educated newlyweds, both came from families stressing creativ
Teenage Drinking Who influences the alcohol use and misuse of British teenagers? Although the health risks of Heavy drinking is known and understood, the social habit continues to be accepted as a cultural norm. Is it? Surprising then, that the young people are beginning to drink at school ages. It is illegal to purchase An alcoholic drink under the age of 18, it would appear through the current research that teenage drinking Is common place. A recent Scottish survey by McKegney N et al (1996),
world war 1 propaganda "Lead this people into war, and they\'ll forget there was ever such a thing as tolerance. To fight, you must be brutal and ruthless, and the spirit of ruthless brutality will enter into the very fiber of national life, infecting the Congress, the courts, the policeman on the beat, the man in the street." It is one of history\'s crazy things that Woodrow Wilson, who was re- elected as a peace candidate in 1916, led America into the First World War. With the help of a propag
Change of Chinese Theory Western film theory is generally subdivided into classical theory and contemporary theory. Contemporary theory consists of a theoretical system, which employs psychoanalysis, ideological critique and feminism to interpret cinematic forms. It originated in the mid-sixties and flourished in the 1970s. It was first introduced to China in the early 1980s and brought in as a complete theoretical system a few years later. Peaking in the late 1980s, it should have taken up an i
Comparison of Two Films In that paper, I will try to compare two films which are “A Birth of a Nation” directed by D.W.Griffith and “The Bicycle Thieves” directed by De Sica. After giving the story of the films, I will try to explain their technical features and their similarities. A Birth of a Nation by D. W. Griffith Griffith can be seen as the first \'modern\' director, his greatest achievements being the historical epics The Birth Of A Nation. When it was released, it was one of the longest
French New Wave The French New Wave was a movement that lasted between 1959 to 1964. It all started with the Cinematheque Francois, an underground organization that would regularly show older films from around the world. This beget the cine-club, and by the 1954 there were 100,000 members in 200 clubs. From these clubs several magazines were created, the most famous of these were L’Ecran Francois, La Revue du Cinema, Postif, and the world known Cahiers du Cinema. One of the two most influential
graduate1 The American animation The Simpsons is now in its 10th season as a show in its own right. It was created by Matt Groening as shorts for the Tracy Ullman Show and was bought by the Fox Network, which began screening it as half-hour shows in 1989. Initially its success was restricted to the 9-16 year old age group, and for animation there is nothing remarkable about this. Its success grew quickly and it is now popular in many countries with many different audiences. "In the 1990s we are
Marlene Dietrich Madonna and the Male Gaze Marlene Dietrich, Madonna, and the Male Gaze in Blonde Venus and Desperately Seeking for Susan As audiences, we subconsciously identify the male protagonists and take female as spectacle during the film watching, due to the social function of narrative films. (Turner 72)1 Thus feminists have been slashing the objection of female body in ¡§male gaze¡¨ in the narrative films over the decades. Male gaze is in term of the fetishistic scopophilia and sadisti
None Provided4 Western film theory is generally subdivided into classical theory and contemporary theory. Contemporary theory consists of a theoretical system, which employs psychoanalysis, ideological critique and feminism to interpret cinematic forms. It originated in the mid-sixties and flourished in the 1970s. It was first introduced to China in the early 1980s and brought in as a complete theoretical system a few years later. Peaking in the late 1980s, it should have taken up an important p
On A Role The savage persona, the war paint, the feathers and the beating drums are just some of the stereotypical images and attributes associated with Native American culture. The casting of Native Americans into villainous roles of early film and television has perpetuated a false perception of Native Americans that is still tied to their culture today. For centuries, Native Americans have been defined by stereotypical perceptions of Indian culture. These preconceived notions of Native cultur
Pulp Fiction Cinematic Analysis Pulp Fiction, a film directed by Quentin Tarantino was released in 1994. The film won the Academy award for Best Original Screenplay and the Palme d\'Or at Cannes. The film is three days in the lives of two Los Angeles gangsters, Vincent Vega played by John Travolta and Jules Winfield played by Samuel L. Jackson, their stories and some of the stories of the people that they deal with during those two days. Some critics denounced Pulp Fiction for its violence, yet
the shining As in many of his films, director Kubrick exploresthe dimensions of the genre to create the ultimate horror film - hedeliberately reduces the pace of the narrative and expands the rather simpleplot of a domestic tragedy to over two hours in length, creates lush imageswithin the ornate interior of the main set, adds a disturbing synthesizedsoundtrack (selecting musical works from Bela Bartok, Gyorgy Ligeti, and Polishcomposer Krzysztof Penderecki), filmed most of the gothic horror in
the shining As in many of his films, director Kubrick exploresthe dimensions of the genre to create the ultimate horror film - hedeliberately reduces the pace of the narrative and expands the rather simpleplot of a domestic tragedy to over two hours in length, creates lush imageswithin the ornate interior of the main set, adds a disturbing synthesizedsoundtrack (selecting musical works from Bela Bartok, Gyorgy Ligeti, and Polishcomposer Krzysztof Penderecki), filmed most of the gothic horror in
Indian Music 1) Music is the organisation of sounds with some degree of rhythm, melody, and harmony. 2) Popular Music is music produced for and sold to a broad audience. Indian popular music, which is most strongly influenced by Indian folk music is shaped by social, economic, and technological forces. Popular music is closely linked to the social identity of its performers and audiences. 3) Indian Popular Music has one of the world’s most extensive popular music industries. Most Indian popular