Psychology

PostTraumatic Stress Disorder Have you ever witnessed someone being badly injured or even killed? Have you ever been involved in a fire, flood, or any other natural disaster? The estimated lifetime prevalence of Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder among adult Americans is 7.8%, with men calculating at 5% and women at 10.4%, twice as likely as men to have PTSD at some point in their lives. This represents a small proportion of those who have experienced at least one traumatic event, for 60.7% of men a
Restorative Justice RESTORATIVE JUSTICE By Connie Williams Presented at the National Institution of Corrections Teleconference on Restorative Justice, December 12, 1996, were the "Basic Values of Restorative Justice". They are as follows: (1). Crime is an offense against human relationships. (2). Victims and the community are central to the justice process. (3). The first priority of the justice system is to assist victims. (4). The second priority is to restore the community, to the degree poss
Breast Impants Breast Implants I. Should breast implants be concidered dangerous or are they safe for women to use? Small-breasted women in America say that they feel inferior or unfeminine in a culture where breast size is a major issue. Popular fashion models today are usually thin,but large-breasted,especially those who model lingerie,evening wear and swimsuits. With American culture seeming to equate cleavage with sexiness,it is no wonder that some smaller-breasted women doubt their attracti
Cerebral palsy Katherine Dillon Child Psychology Cerebral Palsy (CP) is a term used to describe disorders of movement that result from injury to the brain. It is a problem of muscle coordination. The muscles themselves are not effected but the brain is unable to send the appropriate signals necessary to instruct the muscles when to contract or relax. Cerebral Palsy can be caused by numerous problems occurring in the prenatal period, prematurity, labor and delivery complication in the newborn per
Andersonville Andersonville Torture, screams, no food: These are the conditions of prisons during the Civil War. The lack of attention to prisoners led to many gruesome things such as eating live animals. The two most infamous prisons were Andersonville in the South and Elmira in the North. Both had terrible conditions that were largely caused by the psychology of the War: If the other side doesn’t have men they can’t fight and likewise with weak men. Both prisons were alike in that men died, bu
Argentinas Dirty War Argentina\'s Dirty War Between 1976 and 1983, under military rule, thousands of people in Argentina were arrested and then vanished without a trace. This campaign became known to Argentina and abroad as the "Dirty War". Seized by force against their will, the victims no longer existed as citizens. Nobody knew who exactly were responsible for their abductions or even why they had been abducted. Under a policy called the "Process of National Reorganization", successive juntas
Denial as a Method of Dealing With Political Violence Denial as a Method of Dealing With Political Violence Allyson Runfola Latin American Civilization April 11, 2000 People chose every day, in a myriad of ways, between denial and self-knowledge. Most of the time this choice is innocuous. A parent may believe their obviously lying child rather than accept the emotional distress that comes with be lied to. The body politic may believe an unscrupulous politician rather than to get out and work for
Frued as a Prism Social Recognition of the Human Individual “From the time of puberty onward the human individual must devote himself to the great task of freeing himself from his parents.” -Sigmund Freud (General Intro. to Psychoanalysis) As a child develops from infancy to adulthood, it soaks up its environment and processes it like a biological computer. As it matures, so does the way it copes with the challenges life presents to him. If the child has the opportunity to be well educated, than
Modernism . Introduction [ ] Print section [ ] Modern Art , painting, sculpture, and other forms of 20th-century art. Although scholars disagree as to precisely when the modern period began, they mostly use the term modern art to refer to art of the 20th century in Europe and the Americas, as well as in other regions under Western influence. The modern period has been a particularly innovative one. Among the 20th century\'s most important contributions to the history of art are the invention of
neoplatonism The Neoplatonic Doctrine As defined by Funk and Wagnals, Neoplatonism is a type of idealistic monism in which the ultimate reality of the universe is held to be an infinite, unknowable, perfect One. From this one emanates nous (pure intelligence), whence in turn is derived the world soul, the creative activity of which engenders the lesser souls of human beings. The world soul is conceived as an image of the nous, even as the nous is an image of the One; both the nous and the world
Rene Descrates While the great philosophical distinction between mind and body in western thought can be traced to the Greeks, it is to the seminal work of René Descartes (1596-1650) [see figure 1], French mathematician, philosopher, and physiologist, that we owe the first systematic account of the mind/body relationship. Descartes was born in Touraine, in the small town of La Haye and educated from the age of eight at the Jesuit college of La Flèche. At La Flèche, Descartes formed the habit of
Science and The Age of the Enlightenment There were many people involved in the Scientific Revolution and the Enlightenment. Most of these people were fine scholars. It all started out with Copernicus and his book called On the Revolutions of the Heavenly Spheres. This book marked the beginning of modern astrology. The current dispute at times echoes the tensions that existed in the sixteenth century between believers in the Copernican theory of the universe and the Ptolemaic established order,
sexual orientation Sexual orientation has been and to some degree is still seen as a taboo topic. For many years it has been argued that sexual orientation is based on one\'s gender and one\'s sexual preference, should be based on one\'s sex (i.e. females should be attracted to males and males to females). For generations, these narrow views were considered to be the norm. However, hidden within society was a lifestyle that once aired was seen as deviant. Homosexuality and many sexual orientatio
sixties counterculture 10 pg proposal ÿ The sixties were turbulent times for America, both domestically and abroad. During the sixties America witnessed the assassination of a president, the assassination of a civil rights leader, a “conflict” in Vietnam, and a counterculture revolution among the youth. The counterculture would peacefully protest and rally against the government early on, but as the decade progressed, the counterculture would split into various factions. Some of these splinter g
The Influence of Religion on Society Ever since the dawn of the 16th Century, much of the European countries were controlled or greatly affected by reining religions. Throughout much of history, the dominating Roman Catholic Church was the major cause of battles and wars. This was especially a causing factor of the Thirty-Year’s War in Western Europe. Many rulers used religion as an excuse to disturb the peace and take control of another country. During those times, religions were used as force.
The jazz age In spite of social and economic upheaval, the 1900’s prospered as a whole. The 1920’s were marked by technological, historical, literary, and political, phenomena. Society was experiencing a new way of life, characterized by new technology that enabled Americans to kick back and enjoy all life had to offer. During the 1920’s, the United States started off on a joyride in an “era of wonderful nonsense” (World Book Encyclopedia p.114). Americans felt lighthearted and optimistic after
The jazz age In spite of social and economic upheaval, the 1900’s prospered as a whole. The 1920’s were marked by technological, historical, literary, and political, phenomena. Society was experiencing a new way of life, characterized by new technology that enabled Americans to kick back and enjoy all life had to offer. During the 1920’s, the United States started off on a joyride in an “era of wonderful nonsense” (World Book Encyclopedia p.114). Americans felt lighthearted and optimistic after
this way for the gasladies and gentlemen Over the past 25 years, management has emerged as the most sought after profession not only in the United States, but worldwide. Traditionally, managers orchestrate the activities of others and use financial and other resources to accomplish organizational goals. Nowadays, in the midst of corporate downsizing and global expansion, they also must orchestrate their own careers to get the most out of them. Are you a good ideas person looking for skills to ma
World War 1 Propaganda "Lead this people into war, and they\'ll forget there was ever such a thing as tolerance. To fight, you must be brutal and ruthless, and the spirit of ruthless brutality will enter into the very fiber of national life, infecting the Congress, the courts, the policeman on the beat, the man in the street." It is one of history\'s great ironies that Woodrow Wilson, who was re- elected as a peace candidate in 1916, led America into the first world war. With the help of a propa
Crossing the Line ##John Pike PIKE1 Mr. Garbowitz SC-235 11-27-00 Crossing the Line “Men’s friendships with men are characterized by doing things ... for women’s friendships, talk for the sake of talk is more central than activates” (Fritz 2). We have always heard that men’s friendships are based on activities and that women’s friendships are based on talking, but what happens when these two stereotypes intertwine in a cross-gendered friendship. What happens when a man and a woman are just frien
here now later Do you see fragmentation in the Linux distribution market to be a good, bad, or neutral thing? Do you think that the"media frenzy" over Linux tends to harm other worthy OS projects like the BSDs and BeOS? Do you think that big business\'s entry into the Linux market will change the gift-culture aspects of Linux, or will the businesses in question adapt to Linux? Or both? What do you think is in store for humanity in terms of relations between governments, businesses, and individua
Pornography Pornography Nick Baker p.6 Pornography -- Sex or Subordination? In the late Seventies, America became shocked and outraged by the rape, mutilation, and murder of over a dozen young, beautiful girls. The man who committed these murders, Ted Bundy, was later apprehended and executed. During his detention in various penitentiaries, he was mentally probed and prodded by psychologist and psychoanalysts hoping to discover the root of his violent actions and sexual frustrations. Many theori
The role of self focus as a function of Siginficance In sexual dysfunction Introduction It is a popular belief that being physically attractive is of greater importance for women than for men in today’s society, particularly in attracting the opposite sex. Several studies have found support for this difference in the context of dating and mate selection. In an early study, Strauss (1946) asked what traits would be most critical in a marriage partner and found that males rated physical attractive
antilegalization of Marijuana Dear Congressman, I am honored to be writing to you on such a significant topic of national concern. Average citizens are annoyed and just plain fatigued with the drugs and crime problems in America. These upright citizens, that contribute to the growth of American society, are being told that legalization is a reasonable alternative to dealing with these problems in their communities. Legalization of any drug is not a positive way to fight crime. In fact, there is
Capital punishment misc14 Introduction This day in age murderers’ actions are getting more and more incomprehensive. They are no longer just committing murder: they are torturing, mutilating, and engaging in grossly inappropriate acts against fellow human beings. Behaviors such as this will continue if nothing is done to stop them. The death penalty is a humane way to punish the convicted and deter these gruesome acts. Early as 1930, we can find the first recorded execution. Between the times of
Criminal Insanity Criminal Insanity "Some traits or dispositions are inherited, but the continuity of behavior, including antisocial activity, is maintained by social contexts and other aspects of the environment." - Avshalom Caspi Criminal insanity is a topic which sparks much heated debate. What causes insanity? Is insanity a physical or psychological problem? Is insanity actually a disease, or just a figment of a persons imagination? Groliers Encyclopedia describes insanity as "a mental defec
Edmund Kemper I. Description of the Crimes On May 7, 1972dmund Kemper began his series of murders. His first two victims were both students at Fresno State College. They were hitchhiking to Stanford University, but they made the tragic mistake of excepting a ride from Kemper. After driving them around for while, he pulled into a remote deserted area. He forced Anita Luchese into the trunk of the car, and turned his attention to his first victim Mary Ann Pesce. He put in the back seat face down,
Legalization of Marijuana2 Legalization of Marijuana Legalization of Marijuana has quickly become a controversial issue in America. In the United States, legalization of marijuana for medicinal purposes is spreading to the state level. For example, in November 1996, the people of California and Arizona voted to legalize marijuana for medicinal reasons. As a result of Proposition 215 in California, patients now smoke marijuana provided their physician recommends its usage. A prescription is not r
Police Brutality misc1 “But they didn’t have to beat me this bad. I don’t know what I did to be beat up.” Rodney King, March 3, 1991. Police brutality has been a long lasting problem in the United States since at least 1903 when police Captain Williams of the New York Police Departmen coined the phrase, “There is more law at the end of a policeman’s nightstick than in a decision of the Supreme Court.” In the 1920’s the Wichersham Commission had a number of instances of police brutality. Many of
War Against Marijuana Legalize it War Against Marijuana A total of 3,470,545 Americans have been arrested for marijuana offenses. In 1997 state and local law enforcement arrested 695,200 people for marijuana violations. That number is the highest ever recorded by the FBI. Of the 682,885 arrests made in 1998, approximately 88% were for simple possession. The remaining 12% were for sale and manufacture. Every 52 seconds, a marijuana smoker is arrested in America. This is truly a waste of law enfor
chinese economic reform Chinese Economic Reform Two years after the death of Mao Zedong in 1976, it became apparent to many of China\'s leaders that economic reform was necessary. During his tenure as China\'s premier, Mao had encouraged social movements such as the Great Leap Forward and the Cultural Revolution, which had had as their base ideologies such as serving the people and maintaining the class struggle. By 1978 "Chinese leaders were searching for a solution to serious economic problems
How to buy a home Buying Real Estate Prepare Like so many things in life, when it comes to buying Real Estate, proper preparation is one of the keys to success. Don\'t want to find yourself in a neighborhood you don\'t like? Don\'t want to be making mortgage payments on a house in which you are uncomfortable? Don\'t want to waste your time falling in love with houses you can\'t afford? In a word, prepare! One of your most important tasks will be determining your needs. It can help to avoid eithe
leadership Leadership There are many ways that one can lead others. The theory of Situational Leadership explains the many different approaches that can be taken to be an effective leader. The different styles depends on the situation, which gives it its name, however, some leaders us a high-risk method and low relationship method, some leaders use low risk method and high relationship method while others may us equal risk and relationship method. These different methods are used when certain si
FAS On any given day in the United States... 10,657 babies are born. (US Census Bureau). Twenty of these babies are born with Fetal Alcohol Syndrome. Twenty may seem as though it is not a lot, but when you compare it to the fact that this number is more than HIV positive, Muscular Dystrophy, Spina Bifida and Down Syndrome combine it creates a whole new parameter. Fetal Alcohol Syndrome is a direct result of a woman’s competed disregard for the fetus. Fetal Alcohol Syndrome (FAS, hereinafter), is
The Drug MDMA The drug MDMA (ecstasy) is very well known, however it’s long term, and cognitive functioning effects are not. The main purpose of this study was to “establish if users and previous users of MDMA exhibit impairments in more basic level cognitive processes such as working memory functioning, information processing speed, anxiety and arousal” (Wareing, Fisk, Murphy, May 00, 2). In past studies of MDMA, a lot of information regarding its effects has been established yet so much more i
198410 Someone has always been there to tell you what to do in life. As a young child, you were told to behave properly and not to eat too many sweets. As you grew older and older, it seemed as if the responsibilities became greater and greater in number. Even as an adult, there was always an officious boss telling you what to do. There was always some higher force that bound your actions. Authority was the major theme in the novel 1984, by George Orwell. Authority was also a profound factor in
A MoralPhilosophical Analysis of Dostoyevskys The Dream of the Ridiculous Man Dostoyevsky’s ridiculous man is one who is more morally aware than the rest of his society. He is taken for a madman for having foolish ideas, but in actuality, has a higher comprehension of life that his society does not understand. The story shows a basic struggle between logic and man’s natural instinct toward the whimsical. Positivism, or logical reasoning, is regarded negatively in this story, a common feature in
aaaaaa Here is the tobacco case study for the marketing ethics discussion: LYING AND TOBACCO Senior Executives Caught in the Ethical Cross Hairs: Shareholder Loyalty or Social Responsibility? Case Development: Shelton S. Bridges, IV & Stephen M. Mounts "You shall not bear false witness against your neighbor." The Ninth Commandment Exodus 20:16 INTRODUCTION For at least 3,400 years – and probably much longer – scholars, philosophers, theologians, and others have pondered the question of truth. Wh
Abstracts RECENT PUBLICATION / PRESENTATION ABSTRACTS UPDATED4/may/99 (Contact David Washburn for reprints and related publications) Supported by grants from NASA, NICHD, ARI, ARO, ONR, USAF Washburn, D. A., & Putney, R. T. (1999, June). Attention Profiles of Working Memory. Paper at the meeting of the American Psychological Society. Although each construct has its own literature, phenomena, and theories, it is widely recognized that attention and working memory are integrally related. Individua
Adolescent Depression Adolescent Depression: the Under Acknowledged Disease Depression is a disease that afflicts the human psyche in such a way that the afflicted tends to act and react abnormally toward others and themselves. Therefore it comes to no surprise to discover that adolescent depression is strongly linked to teen suicide. Adolescent suicide is now responsible for more deaths in youths aged 15 to 19 than cardiovascular disease or cancer (Blackman, 1995). Despite this increased suicid
adult Attachment nad Stategic Relational Communication Adult Attachment and Strategic Relational Communication: Love Schemas and Affinity Seeking According to attachment theory, the emotional bonds that infants form with their caregivers serve as the blueprints for the way people view themselves and others and they affect the way people act in their adult relationships, (Bowlby, 1982). John Bowlby was one of the first pioneers to advance on the attachment theory perspective. He was greeted with
Adventures Of Tom Sawyer The Adventures of Tom Sawyer, by Mark Twain The main character is Thomas Sawyer, a twelve year old boy, whose parents are dead. Tom lives with his aunt, Polly. Tom is busy either making trouble or thinking up new schemes. Another character is Huckelberry Finn, hated by all mothers and loved by all children. Tom is friends with Huck and they share many adventures together. Becky Thatcher, the daughter of a judge, who likes Tom but sometimes fights with him. Injun Joe is a
advetising Web Advertising Web advertising, not to mention the Internet itself, finds itself in a stage of relative infancy and therefore provides marketers with novel challenges and situations which need to be dealt with caution . The realm of Web advertising is unchartered terri tory! In terms of South Africa, the country finds itsef somewhat behind technologically. However, this may not prove to be a disadvantage as the uncertain nature of Web advertising may make a policy of \'watching and l
african americans In this American world, the Negro has been seen as lost and forgotten. For this reason, the world yields him no true self-consciousness, but only lets him see himself through the revelation of the other world. The two ideals of the Negro is that of his color and the struggle of attaining his self-conscious manhood. He simply wants to be seen by society as an individual and not judged by race. Thus, throughout history since Emancipation, the black man=s progression has been weak
african americans In this American world, the Negro has been seen as lost and forgotten. For this reason, the world yields him no true self-consciousness, but only lets him see himself through the revelation of the other world. The two ideals of the Negro is that of his color and the struggle of attaining his self-conscious manhood. He simply wants to be seen by society as an individual and not judged by race. Thus, throughout history since Emancipation, the black man=s progression has been weak
Aggression Aggression is a critical part of animal existence, which is an inherent driving force to humans, as we, too, are animals. The source of aggression within humans is a long summative list, but before trying to understand its source one must apply a working definition of aggression. Encyclopedia Britannica as any action of an animal that serves to injure an opponent or prey animal or to cause an opponent to retreat defines aggressive behavior. (7) David G. Myers states that aggression is
Ali KHAN Introduction: Why the Theory of Evolution? Some of the people who have heard of "the theory of evolution" or "Darwinism", may think that these concepts only concern the field of biology and that they have no significance in their everyday lives. This is a big misconception because far more than a biological concept, the theory of evolution constitutes the underpinnings of a dishonest philosophy that has held sway over a great number of people. That philosophy is "materialism", which hol
alien Does life outside earth exist? Are UFO\'s really from outer space? Many people in the world today do believe in UFO\'s. "About half of the adult population do believe that UFOs are out there in space"(Ritchie 22). There are basically two sides to the matter. The first is that UFOs are hoaxes and don\'t exist at all, and the other is that they do exist and come from somewhere in outer space. Government cover-ups have been used to keep the secrets of UFOs under wraps throughout history, but
Alternative Families A look at the samesex nest Abstract This paper will introduce the "neonuclear" family, homosexual couples with children and attempt to present a brief overview of the unit. First the nature/nurture theories will be presented to explain the origins of sexuality; then discussing the formation of gay and lesbian families including the reasoning for legalization of marriage and the introduction of children to these lifestyles; including scaffolding and barriers to achieving stab
Alzheimers Disease Colin Tennebar Psychology 10:00 Dr. Jennifer Griffin First off, I\'d like to apologize for using Alzheimer\'s disease as my Internet article because you used it in the syllabus as your example. This topic is very important to me because I watched my grandmother rot in bed for eight years due to this disease. The Internet article(s) I have dealt with the latest treatments and helps of prevention for this incurable disease. The first article I have deals with estrogen. Studies s