Psychology

The Unkindest Cut The Unkindest Cut Audience: Those people who are undecided about circumcision Routine neonatal circumcision is the subject of many debates in the United States. The practice has attracted passionate advocates and critics. From a global perspective, most of the world does not practice circumcision; over 80% of the world\'s males are intact (not circumcised). Most circumcised men are Muslim or Jewish; the USA is the only country in the world that circumcises most of its male infa
The Views of Karen Horney Many of today\'s relationships foil because of the lack of trust in one another. There are many different scenarios, which lead to relationships ending because of distrust. Psychologist, "Karen Horney," wrote an article titled "Distrust Between the Sexes", and in this article she attempted to explain the problems in the relationship between women and men. She wrote that to understand the problem you must first understand that problems stem from a common background. (p.
To what extent does normalisation apply in respect of people with dementia Introduction This essay will analyse the extent to which the values of normalisation/social role valorisation apply in respect of care for people with dementia. The essay will begin by briefly acknowledge Nirje\'s principles of normalisation and then outline the seven core themes of Wolfensberger\'s theory of normalisation. These will incorporate some criticisms of wolfensberger\'s work by other writers. The essay will mo
Tom Sawyer3 This story takes place in St. Petersburg, Missouri, in the mid-1800\'s. The main problem in this story is the many ways which Tom tries to avoid Injun Joe because as a witness to the murder of Dr. Robinson, Injun Joe is trying to kill Tom. Tom also has to deal with being punished on a Saturday when he could be out playing. The last problem is how Becky and Tom will escape from a cave. Tom, Sid, Tom\' half brother, and Tom\'s Aunt Polly were sitting down at the table eating supper, Au
Too Much Medicine for the Wrong Head Adolescent depression continues to be a growing American problem since its discovery in the 1970s. How exactly to treat this problem, however, is not a clear issue. For years the psychiatric community felt that psychotherapy was the best way to treat this growing epidemic. However, with the development of antidepressants, most famously Prozac, many people feel the problem is nearing a solution. Many psychiatrists believe these pills can be a quick and effecti
torture Torture is one of the most barbaric acts of state repression, and it constitutes a direct and deliberate attack on the core of the human personality. Like slavery, it is an expression of the almost unlimited power of one individual over another. In the case of slavery, the human being is degraded to the condition of a non-human object deprived of legal personality. Torture aims to destroy human dignity and reduce the victim to the status of a passive tool in the hands of the torturer. In
tsitsi dangarembga Tsitsi Dangarembga: A Blend of Two Characters The novel Nervous Conditions by Tsitsi Dangarembga was written as an attempt to recount the tales of an African girl\'s coming of age in colonial Rhodesia in the 1960\'s. While one can see that Dangarembga\'s story is autobiographical one can also see that her life is represented by parts of more than one character. Tsitsi Dangarembga\'s life story can be found by fusing the characters of Tambu and Nayasha into one. Through her por
TV Violence Television was invented as a means of providing entertainment and began with shows such as "Leave It To Beaver" and "Lassie". Throughout the years, though, television, along with it\'s counterpart, the movie, has evolved into perhaps one of the most graphic displays of violence and is having a large effect on the children of our society. It is thought by many that television and movies are the leading factor in the violence and aggression that many children display in today\'s world.
TV Violence Television was invented as a means of providing entertainment and began with shows such as "Leave It To Beaver" and "Lassie". Throughout the years, though, television, along with it\'s counterpart, the movie, has evolved into perhaps one of the most graphic displays of violence and is having a large effect on the children of our society. It is thought by many that television and movies are the leading factor in the violence and aggression that many children display in today\'s world.
TV Violence2 A major topic of conversation nowadays is whether or not voilence on television causes children to bahave more violently. Shortly after I began to research this topic, I realized that it is not a clear cut issue. Evidence can be easily found to support each position. In the following essay I will examine the different positions that can ba taken on this topic and try ro form my own view on the affect violent TV has on chidren. The first position I will examine is the one in which it
vidoe games In recent years, technological advances have introduced many new forms of entertainment, one of the most popular being video games. Since their introduction, professionals and parents have become concerned with the addictive power that video games can have on people, particularly children and adolescents. Today, concern has shifted from the addictive effects of video game playing to the possible effects that they have on players’ aggression levels. C. Braun and J. Giroux (1989) deter
vtyiuio Psychology covers a vast field, and one interesting aspect of it is personality. Personality by itself involves various issues. Some of which basic aspects are Psychoanalytic, Ego, Biological, Behaviorist, Cognitive, Trait, Humanistic and Interactionist. Though personality as a subject fascinates me a lot, what interests me the most in this subject is behaviorism. For me different types of behaviors are amazing to learn about, mainly the behavior therapy, collective behavior, crime and p
web quest INTRODUCTION Introduce the problem- Many incoming college freshmen do not have adequate computer skills. Even those incoming freshmen that possess some computer skills find that their literacy levels are not on the same level as other students who have had better access to technology. This paper demonstrates that providing students with access to modern, efficient technology levels the educational playing field for incoming freshman. It is fair to say that part of the problem of uneven
What is Pyschology What is Psychology? Before entering the History of Psychology class, I thought that psychology was the science of human and animal behavior, experience and mental processes. I still believe that this statement is true, but now I know that psychology is more than that. I also felt that psychology is used to help people through analyzing their behavior, this is true but it is also used to classify people. Now I can see that psychology is a social construct used to organized peop
why isnt marijuana legal Can anyone give me a reason why marijuana is illegal? What about marijuana is so different than any other drug out there? Is there even a difference? Let\'s take a look. Marijuana is a drug obtained from dried and crumpled parts of the hemp plant, Cannabis sativa. Smoked by rolling in tobacco paper or placing in a pipe. It is also otherwise consumed worldwide by an estimated 200,000,000 people for pleasure, an escape from reality, health purposes, or relaxation. Marijuan
women battered In a conversation with my girlfriend about battered women, she said, "I\'d never put up with that" and then asked, "Why would a woman stay in an abusive relationship?" As relationships progress, there are more emotional and financial ties which makes it harder to leave. The average woman will leave her abuser seven or eight times before making the final break. Women may be afraid of strangers, but it is a husband, a lover, a boyfriend, or someone they know who is most likely to ha
Women Madness and Oppression or Perspectives of Madness in Womens Literature Madness need not be all breakdown. It may also be break-through. It is potential liberation and renewal as well as enslavement and existential death. --Fiorello La Guardia, Politics of Experience What a weak barrier truth is when it stands in the way of a hypothesis. --Mary Wollstoncraft, A Vindication of the Rights of Women Whom the Gods destroy they first make mad. --Euripides Much madness is divinest sense To a disce
world war 1 propaganda "Lead this people into war, and they\'ll forget there was ever such a thing as tolerance. To fight, you must be brutal and ruthless, and the spirit of ruthless brutality will enter into the very fiber of national life, infecting the Congress, the courts, the policeman on the beat, the man in the street." It is one of history\'s crazy things that Woodrow Wilson, who was re- elected as a peace candidate in 1916, led America into the First World War. With the help of a propag
Yellow Wallpaper A descriptive descent into madness The Yellow Wallpaper”- A Descriptive Descent Into Madness in the Nineteenth Century Women in literature have often been portrayed as submissive to men. Literature of the nineteenth century often characterized women as oppressed by society, as well as by the male influences in their lives (Dock 52). Charlotte Perkins Gilman’s short story “The Yellow Wallpaper” presents a descriptive journalistic/clinical account of a woman’s gradual descent into
yo homey However, the researchers neglected to include into their research the effects of extrafamilial factors (friends, peers, teachers, etc.) on the cognitive skills of these children. If these factors were not overlooked, the research may have proven that the environment does indeed influence cognitive development. Without this research, as it stands now, it is concluded that the greatest influence on cognitive development is solely attributed to genetics. In light of this particular perspec
Young Goodman Brown Young Goodman Brown "Young Goodman Brown", by Nathaniel Hawthorne, is a story that is thick with allegory. "Young Goodman Brown" is a moral story which is told through the perversion of a religious leader. In "Young Goodman Brown", Goodman Brown is a Puritan minister who lets his excessive pride in himself interfere with his relations with the community after he meets with the devil, and causes him to live the life of an exile in his own community. "Young Goodman Brown" begin
Young Offenders Act Young Offenders Act that has generated many hours of thought and meditation for concerned members. It is felt by many that the change needed in the area of delinquency within the First Nations culture is to overcome the effects of colonization and this must begin with the youth. It is with the youth that the future of the culture lies. There has been extensive research done in this area and although much of the material is not directed at one specific culture in society, the
youth and values BIBLIOYouth and Values In an attempt to challenge societal values, youth cultures, in the form of rebellion, act and dress radically and form groups in protest. These dissident actions against the structure of existing society promotes the beginning of new small groups which reflect their own rules, structures, class, gender and ethnic ideologies. So, the youth culture, in challenging societal values, at the same time is reflecting them. In comparing Margaret Mead\'s young adult
Comparison of Two Films In that paper, I will try to compare two films which are “A Birth of a Nation” directed by D.W.Griffith and “The Bicycle Thieves” directed by De Sica. After giving the story of the films, I will try to explain their technical features and their similarities. A Birth of a Nation by D. W. Griffith Griffith can be seen as the first \'modern\' director, his greatest achievements being the historical epics The Birth Of A Nation. When it was released, it was one of the longest
French New Wave The French New Wave was a movement that lasted between 1959 to 1964. It all started with the Cinematheque Francois, an underground organization that would regularly show older films from around the world. This beget the cine-club, and by the 1954 there were 100,000 members in 200 clubs. From these clubs several magazines were created, the most famous of these were L’Ecran Francois, La Revue du Cinema, Postif, and the world known Cahiers du Cinema. One of the two most influential
Girl Interrupted Shoshana Ubertini English 101C 21 November 2000 Girl Interrupted Have you ever watched a movie and then found out it was created from a book? That’s what happened to me, I saw the movie Girl Interrupted, starring Winona Ryder and Angelina Jolie. I then heard that it was made from a book itself. So for this assignment, I decided to read the book and compare and contrast it from the movie. The movie, Girl Interrupted is about an eighteen-year-old girl, named Susanna Kaysen. She sp
Subliminal Messages Have you ever seen or heard a commercial and then suddenly had an urge for something? Your urge may have been the result of subliminal messaging. "Subliminal messaging" can be defined as a technique of projecting information below an individual\'s threshold of sensation or awareness (The Subliminal Scares: "FCC Information Bulletin on Subliminals" 1). These messages were everywhere from radio broadcasts to Disney movies to commercials. "In 1958, a survey taken by Ralph Hauber
Motownmusic Quotas for American businesses Create Racial Discrimination Politics is assuming command of the American economy in the form of pervasive "equal opportunity" enforcement. In today\'s society, everyone is supposed to be equal and have equal rights, but in employment, there is more discrimination than ever. American citizens need to do away with affirmative action so that America\'s job opportunities can once again be based on merit, not skin color or ethnicity. Laws have been passed,
None Provided6 AFFIRMATIVE ACTION A NECESSARY POLICY TO PREVENT DISCRIMINATION AND INEQUITIES OR A DISCRIMINATIVE AND INEQUITABLE POLCY INTRODUCTION Historically, there have been arguments about what Affirmative Action (AA) really is. The basis of the argument for the most part, debates the goal(s) of AA. Is the goal of AA to erase past inequities for the disabled, minorities and/or women without protest? Or is Affirmative Action a culture or spirit that rewards diversity and differences? Basica
perfect pitch Perfect Pitch Perfect Pitch is the ability to identify any musical note without comparison to a reference note, and is a talent displayed in a small amount of people. What causes it is a question which has attracted a lot of attention lately. Scientists are asking them selves if it is a learned ability or are we given this unique talent through our genes. MRI scans in test have shown an enlarged portion of the brain present in individuals gifted the ability of perfect pitch. Scient
aristotle Aristotle: The Most Influential Greek Thinker Aristotle was one of the most influential thinkers in western culture, and a Greek philosopher, teacher, and scientist. He was probably the most scholarly and learned of the ancient Greek Philosophers. Aristotle mastered the entire development of Greek though before him and employed this knowledge in his writings. He criticized, summarized, and furthered the development of the Greek philosophies. Aristotle, along with his teacher Plato, are
Artificial Intelligence Artificial Intelligence is based in the view that the only way to prove you know the mind\'s causal properties is to build it. In its purest form, AI research seeks to create an automaton possessing human intellectual capabilities and eventually, consciousness. There is no current theory of human consciousness which is widely accepted, yet AI pioneers like Hans Moravec enthusiastically postulate that in the next century, machines will either surpass human intelligence, or
dreams ÿDreams For my independent study topic I researched dreams. There are many different approaches philosophers have taken to explain dreams and what they mean. I will go through a couple of them. Many of you may be asking yourself “why do I dream?”, there are several answers to that question. The first in the physiological set. We dream in order to exercise our brains. When you’re awake, messages are constantly speeding among all your billions of brain cells to keep you moving and thinking
Inanna Throughout the story of Inanna, readers witness her transformation from a young lady to a beloved goddess and the frustrations and obstacles that are associated with these transformations. This transformation can be associated with her functions and roles as a woman, which relates with the theory of the Great Goddess. The relationship between Inanna and the Great Goddess follows the ideals of an agrarian society, whereupon a woman is looked to bring fertilility, life, death, and re-birth.
Taoism Philosophy of Mind in China Conceptual and Theoretical Matters Historical Developments: The Classical Period Historical Developments: Han Cosmology Historical Developments: The Buddhist Period Historical Developments: The Neo-Confucian Period Bibliography Introduction: Conceptual and Theoretical Matters Classical Chinese theory of mind is similar to Western "folk psychology" in that both mirror their respective background view of language. They differ in ways that fit those folk theories
the myth WHAT DOES MYSTICISM HAVE TO TEACH US ABOUT CONSCIOUSNESS? Revised version of the paper delivered to "Towards a Science of Consciousness 1996 (Tucson II) April 1996 [Draft for Tucson II Conference Proceedings] Revised version appears in JCS, 5, No.2 (1998), pp. 185-201 Robert K.C. Forman, Program in Religion, Hunter College, CUNY, 695 Park Avenue, New York, NY 10021, USA. Email: [email protected] Introduction: Why Mysticism? In this article I would like to bring the findings of my somew
Adler Overcrowded New York public schools’ authoritative figures relieved the congestion of the school by allowing more intelligent children to skip grades. On several occasions, Adler benefited from this policy. At age twelve and a half, he graduated from P.S. 186 in upper Manhattan and selected to attend De Witt Clinton High School, one of Manhattan\'s liberal arts secondary schools. During the first year of Adler\'s attendance, only one teacher really held his undivided attention. The instruc
Dada vs Surrealism What elements of dada and surrealism suggest the influence of Freud? The 20th Century marked a changed in how people viewed the known world. Since its beginning art has played a major role in how people were able to express themselves. The early 20th century brought rise to new and exciting art forms. These were types of writings, paintings and, documentaries that no one had ever seen before. From expressionism to Dadaism types of work ranged by all means of the artist. About
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dhl David Herbert Lawrence As a twentieth century novelist, essayist, and poet, David Herbert Lawrence brought the subjects of sex, psychology, and religion to the forefront of literature. One of the most widely read novels of the twentieth century, Sons and Lovers, which Lawrence wrote in 1913, produces a sense of Bildungsroman1, where the novelist re-creates his own personal experiences through the protagonist in (Niven 115). Lawrence uses Paul Morel, the protagonist in Sons and Lovers, for th
dualism Dualism I believe that the popular or "ghost in the machine" form of substance dualism best solves the mind body problem. My views in this area have been influenced by my twelve years of Catholic education. The soul, or mind, depending on your level of belief, was a complete and separate entity and was the center of a human being. The body was an ambulatory device that the soul directed. The idea that the mind is a separate entity and that it is independent of the physical body is the ce
Hylomorphism Hylomorphism in General In De Anima, Aristotle makes extensive use of technical terminology introduced and explained elsewhere in his writings. He claims, for example, using vocabulary derived from his physical and metaphysical theories, that the soul is a "first actuality of a natural organic body" (De Anima ii 1, 412b5-6), that it is a "substance as form of a natural body which has life in potentiality" (De Anima ii 1, 412a20-1) and, similarly, that it "is a first actuality of a n
IQ Psychology Why IQ tests don\'t test intelligence The task of trying to quantify a person’s intelligence has been a goal of psychologists since before the beginning of this century. The Binet-Simon scales were first proposed in 1905 in Paris, France and various sorts of tests have been evolving ever since. One of the important questions that always comes up regarding these tools is what are the tests really measuring? Are they measuring a person’s intelligence? Their ability to perform well on
Jerome Bruner Jerome S. Bruner “The father of cognitive psychology” Area of Development and Theory – Cognitive Development, Constructivist Theory Key Concepts – Discovery Learning, Categories, Coding System, Conceptual Change, Spiral Curriculum, Outline Discovery Learning – The acquisition of new information or knowledge largely as a result of the learner’s own efforts. Discovery is contrasted with expository or reception learning. It is an important instructional tool of the constructivist clas
My Philosophy of Balance My Philosophy of Balance Balance. Our world depends upon it physically, psychologically, and spiritually. This principle, although easy to overlook, is the foundation of my personal philosophy. Without balance there is no harmony, no conflict and no growth. Any productive result, any achievement, any strength is useless without it. The balance in my world is achieved by these fundamental beliefs: God exists, and yet evil exists; all humanity does have free will and all t
Philosophy of Crime and Punishment Dostoevsky’s Crime and Punishment is a tale of poverty and suffering by all characters. Through suffering comes rationalization of decisions made and the circumstances of life. Philosophical theories develop through rationalization of the character. Two main philosophical motifs arise through out Crime and Punishment. Existentialism and Nihilism are the two main philosophies represented. Raskolnikov, the main character, is involved with the text in which these
Philosophy of the Human Mind Truth TABLE OF CONTENTS 1. THE PHILOSOPHICAL CONCEPT OF TRUTH 2. THE ACHIEVEMENT OF TRUTH 1. THE PHILOSOPHICAL CONCEPT OF TRUTH Epistemology is the study of what we know, how we know, and what we can or cannot know. In Epistemology, students are asked many questions about Truth and Knowledge. Here are two basic questions that students may be asked, "What is Truth?" and "Can we really have Truth?" The simple answer to this question is yes. Truth, in a philosophical te
Plato2 Plato (428-347 BC) The Greek philosopher Plato was among the most important and creative thinkers of the ancient world. His work set forth most of the important problems and concepts of Western philosophy, psychology, logic, and politics, and his influence has remained profound from ancient to modern times. Plato was born in Athens in 428 BC. Both his parents were of distinguished Athenian families, and his stepfather, an associate of Pericles, was an active participant in the political a
Plato2 Plato (428-347 BC) The Greek philosopher Plato was among the most important and creative thinkers of the ancient world. His work set forth most of the important problems and concepts of Western philosophy, psychology, logic, and politics, and his influence has remained profound from ancient to modern times. Plato was born in Athens in 428 BC. Both his parents were of distinguished Athenian families, and his stepfather, an associate of Pericles, was an active participant in the political a
The Identity Theory The identity theory, also known as reductive materialism, is one of the views Churchland uses to describe mind-brain correlation. Churchland believes that the mental states of the body are one and in the same (double aspectism) with brain states. They are the same because the biochemical actions produced in brain states (release of serotonin and acetylcholine) have direct interaction with the mental states (mood disorders such as depression). With the help of psychological an