Abortion: Whose Choice is it?
Abortion is the ending of pregnancy before birth and is morally wrong. An abortion results in the death of an embryo or a fetus. Abortion destroys the lives of helpless, innocent children and it is illegal in many countries. By aborting these unborn infants, humans are hurting themselves; they are not allowing themselves to meet these new identities and unique personalities. Abortion is very simply wrong. Everyone is raised knowing the difference between right and wrong. Murder is wrong, so why is not abortion? People argue that it is not murder if the child is unborn. In my opinion, abortion is murder and it is taking of a life, because the fetus being destroyed is living, breathing and moving. In Introduction to Child Development, John says, “The embryo is now about 1 inch in length. Facial features, limbs hands, feet, fingers and toes become apparent. The nervous system is responsive and many of the internal organs begin to function” (70-75), when the fetus in ten weeks old. “Respiratory activity occurs in the fetus as early as the twelfth week of gestation and continues throughout its intrauterine life” (Fetus). The fetus has its own life. Therefore, why it is not a problem if the infant is destroyed a month before birth, but it is inhumane murder if killed a month after birth?
This question is very difficult to answer and may never be answered in our lifetime. But one thing we do know is we have our own opinions, ranging from completely anti-abortion (pro-life) to completely for abortion (pro-choice), and anywhere in the wide spectrum in between. Pro-choice supporters are individuals who favor a woman’s reproductive right. In contrast, pro-life supporters are individuals who oppose abortion except in extreme circumstances, such as when the mother’s life would be threatened by carrying a pregnancy. In The Terrible Choice, the author emphasizes, “There has long been a consensus in our society that abortion is permissible under at least one circumstance – to save the life of the mother, because if we do not, both mother and fetus die” (58). If we are from the morality point of view, abortion is inhumane because it kills a life. Pro-life supporters believes the fetus is a human being even it is inside the mother’s body, but pro-choice supporters argue the fetus is only a potential human being until it is viable.
Pro-life supporters and pro-choice supporters have two extremely points of view on pregnancy. Their debates were started from 1973; since the Supreme Court decided 7-2 in favor of Roe in the case of Roe v. Wade. The Court declared the right to privacy includes abortion (Roe v Wade). Then, abortion becomes one of the most controversial issues in the world today. Everyone has his own individual opinion. A woman’s body is hers and hers alone. Nobody has the right to make her do something that she does not want to. However, because we have freedom of choice to have an abortion in our country, the teenage pregnancy rate has dramatically increased these years. The age of teens that starts to have sexual activity tends to younger and younger. The figures in Teen Sex & Pregnancy show that:
· About 25% of 15 year olds have had sex
· About 55% of 17 year olds have had sex
· About 80% of 19 year olds have had sex
· About 20% of young people do not have sex while teens
The age of young people have had sex tends to as early as 15 today. With the teen sexual activity tends to earlier and younger; at the meanwhile, abortion also increases. “20% of young women who become sexually active become pregnant within the first month of sexual activity. 50% become pregnant within the first six months” (Teen Sex & Pregnancy). Today, teenagers are getting mixed messages from parents, peers and media. This is the reason for the increase of birth rate. Therefore, abortion is being used as a method of birth control. One of the reasons teens give for having sex is the peer or social pressure. Parents and social workers need to pay more attention to this matter, in order to decrease the rate of teen sex and pregnancy.
The argument by the pro-choice side is that the unborn child is not