albrecht durer



Albrecht Durer was born in Nurembourg in May 21, 1471. His father, Albrecht Durer was
a goldsmith, he had come from Germany to Nurembourg in 1455 and married Barbara
Holper. Barbara\'s father was Albrecht\'s master. Albrecht was his father\'s third son. He was
named Albrecht because of a family tradition which he has been the third representative so
far. Albrecht had three brothers named Laszlo, Albrecht, and Ajtos. Albrecht was
apprenticed to his father at the age of 13. His father introduced him to the working with
metal and the use of tools with laid the ground work for his skill of engraving. He also
learned painting from his father at the age of 13. He preferred to draw and paint than to
goldsmithing. He painted a self portrait of himself at 13. This self-portrait took the careful
and the accurate work of all of the details to some him his artistic talent.- In 1486,
Albrecht\'s father sent him to learn painting and wood working from Michael Wolgemut.
Michael Wolgemut was a spectacular painter and woodcut illustrator. In Michael W.\'s
busy shop Albrecht learned the fundamentals of drawing, painting, and wood cutting.
Albrecht also helped Micheal W. make some illustrations for books. Michael W. probably
took Albrecht to the Netherlands, Basel, Stratsbourg, and in 1492 to Colmar in Alsace.
Albrecht spent so much time with him he called him his second father. His main attraction
was to see the master, Martin Schongauer. Who at the time was the leading German
graphic artist of the time. On the way there Albrecht found out the master had died. On his
arrival Martin\'s brothers showed him prints, drawings, and Schongauer\'s perfect
engraving\'s from the master\'s workshop. The prints, drawings, and engraving\'s had a big
influence on Albrecht\'s work. Albrecht then went to Basel to stay with another brother of
Schongauer, who conducted a goldsmith workshop there. Basel was the center of graphic
production and book publishing at the time. In Basel Albrecht made many contacts and
contributed a signed woodcut for the title page of the Letters of St. Jerome. The success
he had from this woodcut probably led to another commission in Basel. In the fall of 1493,
Albrecht went to Stratsbourg where he continued to work for publishers. In the end of
May 1494 Albrecht returned to Nurembourg. In July 7, 1494 the 23 year old painter
married Agnes Frey. Agnus was the daughter of a merchant. Not long after his marriage in
the fall of 1494 he took his first trip to Italy. This visit enabled him to see his good friend
Willard Pirckheimer who introduced Albrecht to humanist thought and classical literature.
Albrecht spent most of his time of his first trip in Venice, Italy. There he met Jacopo
de\'Barbari. de\'Barbari whose figures constructed to geometrical methods and proportions
inspired Albrecht to live a lifelong study of theoretical writings. In Venice, Albrecht made
drawings of exotic figures, animals, and did nature studies. On the ride home Albrecht
made a abundant use of his water colors painting the landscape around the Alps. Albrecht
returned to Nurembourg by the summer of 1495. With the return of his trip he produced a
large amount of paintings and engraving\'s. Albrecht used the medium of engraving
because that reflected his theoretical interests. From about 1500 Albrecht\'s concern for the
problems of proportion and perspective increased. This action was probably caused by the
fresh contacts with the Italian works and study of Vitruvius. In 1502, after a long period
of weakness Albrecht\'s father had died. His fathers death had shaken him up a
tremendously. Soon after that Albrecht suffered from depression fits and tormenting
dreams.‚ His appetite for work had not been impaired due to his father. He continued to
work like nothing had happened. The Adam and Eve painting in 1504 showed a lot of his
techniques of engraving and the construction of geometrical methods of male and female
figures. The painting Paumgartner Altarpiece shows a proportional emphasis on the view
of proportions. Throughout Albrecht\'s career he produced portraits of family, friends and
patrons. Albrecht painted 2 important self-portraits called Prado Madrid and Alte
Pinakothek, Munich. In 1505, Albrecht drew Crowned Death on a Thin Horse, the plague
epidemic inspired this painting. Because of this plague Albrecht immediately departured
from Italy in the summer of 1505. At the age of 34 he was fully matured and successful
with his career. After Albrecht stopped in Augsburg he went to Venice to develop his
painting style. Although many people admired his paintings they said he was not as
"antique" enough. Only