ALCOHOL ABUSE & ALCOHOLISM


FIRST DRAFT


SUBMITTED BY:
FRANK ANDREW P. DAGAPIOSO

SUBMITTED TO:
SIR DON A. VELEZ






INTRODUCTION
There is little data available on the extent of alcoholism or alcohol abuse in the Philippines. However, while there may be no official statistics available, the consequences of alcoholism are very obvious in the community or inside homes. Alcoholism is a growing concern in the culture and social life of our country. This could be due to the fact that alcoholism is not considered a medical problem by most Filipinos. Most Filipinos with an alcohol problem do not submit to medical treatment even if their condition is chronic.
Alcohol use disorders refer to excessive drinking behaviors that can create dangerous conditions for an individual and others. The two major types of alcohol use disorders are alcohol abuse (problem drinking) and alcohol dependence (alcoholism).
Alcohol Abuse (Problem Drinking). Alcohol abuse is an unhealthy pattern of excessive drinking that can lead to alcohol dependence (alcoholism). People who abuse alcohol drink too much or too frequently, but they are not yet physically addicted to alcohol. Alcohol abuse often results in adverse outcomes such as: failure to fulfill work or personal obligations, recurrent use of alcohol in potentially dangerous situations, problems with the law, continued use in spite of harm being done to social or personal relationships.
Alcohol Dependence (Alcoholism). Alcohol dependence is the medical term for alcoholism. Alcohol dependence is physical addiction to alcohol. It is a chronic and oftentimes progressive condition that is characterized by:
Craving -- strong urge to drink
Loss of control -- not being able to limit consumption of alcohol once you start drinking
Tolerance --  increased amounts of alcohol are needed to produce an effect
Physical dependence -- withdrawal symptoms (nausea, sweating, irritability, tremors, hallucinations, and seizures) develop when drinking is stopped or reduced.
Alcoholism is a chronic illness marked by dependence on alcohol consumption. It interferes with physical or mental health, and social, family, or job responsibilities. This addiction can lead to liver, circulatory, and neurological problems. 














RATIONALE
The aim of the study is to provide information for our young drinkers who are already in the stage of alcohol abuse that will definitely lead to alcoholism if not prevented. And for those who are already in the stage of alcoholism, the study provides on what is the effect in our health, how to overcome it and tips or alternative methods.


PROBLEM STATEMENT
What\'s the effect of Alcoholism in a family? (Economic, Relationship)
What are the causes/influences of Alcoholism?
How does it affect behavior?
Is there a solution of alcoholism?


SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY
Alcoholism is a growing concern in the culture and social life of our country. The significance of this study is to prevent the growth of alcoholism, to spread awareness to everybody on what may effect on us. And also give treatment on them.


REFERENCES:
https://umm.edu/health/medical/reports/articles/alcoholism
http://www.helpguide.org/articles/addiction/alcoholism-and-alcohol-abuse.htm
http://apapaonline.org/data/National_Data/PNG/Philippines/Alcohol_Media_Philippines.pdf
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21744309
http://www.collegedrinkingprevention.gov/NIAAACollegeMaterials/Panel02/Appendix_02.aspx
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2958094/
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Alcoholism











THEORETICAL FRAMEWORK
Not all alcohol abusers become full-blown alcoholics, but it is a big risk factor. Sometimes alcoholism develops suddenly in response to a stressful change, such as a breakup, retirement, or another loss. Other times, it gradually creeps up on you as your tolerance to alcohol increases. If you\'re a binge drinker or you drink every day, the risks of developing alcoholism are greater.
People who have a family history of alcoholism or who associate closely with heavy drinkers are more likely to develop drinking problems. Finally, those who suffer from a mental health problem such as anxiety, depression, or bipolar disorder are also particularly at risk, because alcohol may be used to self-medicate.