Andrew Jackson



Andrew Jackson
Andrew Jackson, born in 1767 was a child of poor
Scotch-Irish immigrants. He ended up with enough education
to be qualified to practice law.
Jackson’s father died before he was born. The
Revolutionary War started soon after he was born. It was
very bloody in the wild and poor country where they lived.
Jackson at the age of 13, joined a regiment. He was captured
by the British, was wounded and nearly killed by a sword to
the face for not polishing a British officers boots. He and
his brother, imprisoned together, caught smallpox.
Jackson’s mother got the boys released, but his brother
died on the long trip home. His mother later went to tend
wounded American prisoners and was fatally stricken by
cholera.
By his 30’s Jackson had been elected a member of the
United States House of Representatives of Tennessee and was
senator, but resigned after one year.
During The War of 1812, Jackson had some difficulties
due to some enemies he made. In between overcoming various
Indian tribes they won the war. After most of the capitol
city of Washington was burned by the British, the Americans
were badly in need of cheering up.
Jackson became a United States Major General- this was
very different from a state militia Major General. He
continued to have military successes, though in his invasion
of Spanish Florida, he got the reputation of being a kind of
Caesar.
In 1821, Jackson, at the age of 54 was in a very
dangerous state of health. He, like many other southerners
had defended his “Honor” in 2 or 3 duels and 1 shoot-out. He
took two bullets. One lodged beside his heart and the other
shattered his arm.
At about this time, the “Hero of New Orleans” was
perhaps the most popular man in the country. He received a
“Favorite Son” endorsement for the presidency from his state
of Tennessee. Believing that Washington had become a “Sink
or corruption”, he felt called to work for the office. To
gain credibility, he ran for and won a seat in the Senate.
This time, in his maturity, he handled the job well, making
a favorable impression on the old government hands. Many of
which had expected a wild man dressed in buckskins. Jackson
immediately made peace with Thomas Hart Benton, who once
said Jackson would thrash in the streets of Nashville.
Thomas, with the company of his brother, left a bullet in
Jackson’s arm in one of his duels. They became close allies.
Jackson was bitterly disappointed in 1824 by a 4-way
race in which he won a substantial plurality, but lost to
John Quincy Adams in the House of Representatives. In 1828,
Jackson won a “landslide” victory. The new Democratic party,
which he helped forge, brought a temporary end to all the
fighting and arguing of the parties in American politics.
This time was sometimes called the “Era of Good Feelings”
On December 22, 1928, a few weeks before Jackson’s
inauguration, he was thrown into a deep sadness, caused by
the death of his wife. He believed that she had died because
of the abusive attacks by the press of the other side.
Jackson at times would use his power and authority as a
“Hot-Headed” man, going into simulated rages. And at other
times, he could appear as the most courteous “Gentleman”
alive.
Even though his wife had just passed away, he made it
to his inauguration. The morning was bright and clear. Yet
there was still snow on the ground which made it very muddy.
As Andrew looked out of his window, he saw all of the people
coming to Washington to shake his hand. Usually the
inauguration was a very peaceful and quiet event. Not this
time! All of the guests were his friends. In their muddy
boots, self-made coon-hats, and many other irregular
clothes, the northwestern fur traders, mountain men,
hunters, and old soldiers came marching to the White House.
They broke through the lines of guards and came crashing
through the front door. They ripped clothes, smashed fine
china and glasses, and climbed on $150 chairs ruining them.
In order to get all of these “vandals” out, the butlers
and organizers moved all of the punch bowls and food trays
to the lawn outside.
During Jackson’s presidency, he took care of many major
events. One was his refusal to submit to South Carolina.
They said they would make their own country, because they
did not want to pay the ridiculously high federal tariffs.
He rejected the principal they tried to establish that a
state could decide on its own whether federal laws applied
to it or not.
He eliminated the second Bank of the United