This essay ATT v City of Portland has a total of 805 words and 5 pages.
ATT v City of Portland
November 21, 2000
AT&T v. City of Portland; what is the significance of this case?
-AT&T Corp. v. City of Portland No. 99-35609 U.S. Court of Appeals 9th Circuit, 216 F. 3d 871; 2000 U.S. App. Lexis 14383
-"Citing Pro-Competitive Benefits to Consumers, Commission Approves AT&T-TCI Merger." Report No. CS 99-2 FCC News *www.fcc.gov*
-Mosquera, Mary. "FCC Approves AT&T/TCI Merger." Technology News 17 February 1999 *www.techweb.com/*
-"AT&T/TCI Merger Wins FCC Approval." Star Tribune (Minneapolis, MN) 18 February 1999, Metro Edition, Pg. 4D
-"Cable groups flex muscles for fresh clash: U.S. industry nerves rattled by government pledge to examine AT&T/TCI merger plans." The Financial Times Limited (London) 7 Dec 1998, sec. The Americas
-Briefing The Denver Post 3 February 1999 2D ed., sec. Business Pg. C-02
-University of Washington, School of Law: Center for Law, Commerce & Technology. 28 June 2000 *www.law.washington.edu/lct/*
AT&T v. City of Portland exemplifies the current regulatory efforts of local government to compensate for the federal government\'s lack of proactive activity in the broadband market. The struggle between AT&T and the City of Portland began in June of 1998, when AT&T and TCI (Tele-Communications, Inc.) announced their intent to merge in 1999 (AT&T Corp. v. City of Portland). Under the terms of the merger, TCI became a wholly owned subsidiary of AT&T. AT&T/TCI provided @Home (explained in the next paragraph), a service giving residential cable subscribers high speed, broadband access to the Internet. Many parties opposed the merger, arguing that, if approved, AT&T/TCI (through the @Home service) will have a substantial head start in the provision of high-speed Internet access and could develop a top position as a monopoly of broadband Internet access services to residential consumers (U. of Washington).
In December of 1998, the Portland and Multnomah County adopted the country\'s first mandatory access provision. AT&T rejected the mandatory access provision, resulting in a denial of its request for change in control of the TCI franchises in January of 1999. AT&T sued Portland and Multnomah County alleging that the denial of the franchise transfer was preempted by federal law, violated the First Amendment, the Commerce Clause, and the Contract Clause (AT&T Corp. v. City of Portland).
TCI offers an optional premium cable service called [email protected] in several localities, which provides residential cable subscribers high-speed access to the Internet. TCI purchases the right to distribute the @Home service from At Home Corporation and resells the service to individual subscribers. The @Home service comprises a private broadband network and interactive on-line service distributed in part through existing cable infrastructure, using the @Home Network\'s high-speed national backbone and a cable modem. Each subscriber receives a two-way cable modem connection to the @Home network through a cable modem attached to the subscriber\'s personal computer (Denver Post).
AT&T challenged the City ordinance and the county resolution requiring that AT&T allow Internet service providers not affiliated with AT&T to connect their equipment directly to AT&T\'s cable modem platform, bypassing ome, AT&T\'s propriety cable Internet service provider (AT&T v. City of Portland). AT&T contends that the mandatory open access provision violates their First Amendment rights. The open access requirement is an economic regulation. It does not force AT&T to carry any particular speech (The Denver Post).
One of the issues that the FCC considered forms the undercurrent of the present controversy: whether to impose a requirement of open access to cable broadband facilities (AT&T Corp. v. City of Portland). The FCC stated that the broadband issue was not merger specific and that, although AT&T/TCI may be able to deploy broadband services more quickly than competitors, other companies such as telephone, satellite, electric utilities, and wireless providers were working toward the same end using alternative technologies (FCC News). The commission found that the AT&T/TCI merger might expedite the goal of deployment of high-speed Internet access services by providing a quicker rollout of these technologies, and that no regulation of access was required (FCC News). The commission concluded that the proposed merger would not deny broadband subscribers the ability to access the Internet content.
On June 3, 1999 the Oregon District Court ruled in favor of Portland and Multnomah County, upholding the mandatory access provision as a condition to the franchise transfer. AT&T/TCI appealed the decision and the Federal Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit reversed the lower court\'s decision stating that the mandatory access provision prohibits
Topics Related to ATT v City of Portland
Comcast, Broadband, ATT, Tele-Communications Inc., Bell System, American brands, Home Network, Internet access, Federal Communications Commission, Modem, Net neutrality in the United States, MediaOne
Microsoft MICROSOFT By: Joe McBride Briarcliffe College Microsoft Corporation, leading American computer software company. Microsoft develops and sells a wide variety of computer software products in more than fifty countries. Microsoft\'s Windows operating systems for personal computers are the most widely use operating systems in the world. Microsoft had revenues of $14.4 billion for the fiscal year ending June 1998, and employs more than 27,000 people in 60 countries. Microsoft has it\'s head
Why Microsoft is a monopoly Through a combination of tactics that many people would consider monopolistic Microsoft is now involved in almost every aspect of the computer and computer-related telecommunications markets and is emerging as a major player in Internet commerce and on-line media ventures. As of March 1997, 87% of all the software developers were actually developing the Windows bit 32 platform, which is the operating system for Microsoft. Fifty three percent of 2.4 million US Professi
Cox Enterprises Cox Enterprises Media Corporations in the Global Marketplace Cox Enterprises, Inc. (CEI) is an Atlanta-based media conglomerate that has ties into nearly all media forms today. Since the founding of Cox Enterprises by James M. Cox in 1898, CEI has been established as a media staple through newspapers, radio, television, cable, telephone, and Internet communications . As of 2000, Cox Enterprises was ranked seventh in AdAge’s “100 Leading Media Companies” . Cox Enterprises is list
None Provided22 Cox Enterprises Media Corporations in the Global Marketplace Cox Enterprises, Inc. (CEI) is an Atlanta-based media conglomerate that has ties into nearly all media forms today. Since the founding of Cox Enterprises by James M. Cox in 1898, CEI has been established as a media staple through newspapers, radio, television, cable, telephone, and Internet communications . As of 2000, Cox Enterprises was ranked seventh in AdAge’s “100 Leading Media Companies” . Cox Enterprises is list
Cable Modems Cable TV Meets the Internet Cable Modems: Cable TV Meets the Internet Abstract The Telecommunications Act of 1996 opened the way for cable TV (CATV) companies to become full-fledged telecommunications companies, offering two-way voice and data communications services, in addition to television programming. After passage of the Act, the cable companies were eager to expand into the new fields of business that had been opened to them, especially the rapidly growing Internet Service P
Bluefield WV BLUEFIELD, W.V. Bluefield is located in southern West Virginia along the foothills of one of the most beautiful mountain valley settings to be found anywhere. The city stands at 2,612 feet above sea level in the East River Mountain, making it “West Virginia’s loftiest incorporated community.” (Greater Bluefield Area Community Profile) With the average temperature in January at 35o F and July at only 71o F, Bluefield is nicknamed “Nature’s Air Conditioned City.” In fact, a tradition
Microsoft controversial xyz MICROSOFT By: Joe McBride Briarcliffe College Microsoft Corporation, leading American computer software company. Microsoft develops and sells a wide variety of computer software products in more than fifty countries. Microsoft\'s Windows operating systems for personal computers are the most widely use operating systems in the world. Microsoft had revenues of $14.4 billion for the fiscal year ending June 1998, and employs more than 27,000 people in 60 countries. Micro
Competition Among The Telecommunications Industry There are currently 807 companies in the TIA (Telecommunications Industry Association) database of companies. Of the 807 companies, 251 of them currently offer wireless services. Also 281 offer broadband services, of those offering broadband 160 of them offer cable, 72 offer DSL (Digital Subscriber Line), and 49 offer T-Carriers. There are currently 242 member companies in the MMTA (Multimedia Telecommunications Association) Database of companie
vedio via satellite Video Transmission via Satellite Abstract Direct Broadcast satellite (DBS) delivers hundreds of TV channels to millions of people around the world. Satellite owners buy slots in space and lease assigned transponder frequencies to service providers. In this paper, I briefly introduce the history and development of DBS, the major vendors of the products, and overall market situation. In order to illustrate why DBS is such a popular technology, I also give out the comparison be
philosophy Chapter\'s 3 4 Synopsis By Mark Childers PHIL 1381 June 4, 2005 Chapters 3 4 Synopsis I believe the assumption of an external reality is the assumption that there is a real world that is external to our mind and senses, and that it exists whether or not we as observers exist, and whether or not we are observing it. This assumption cannot be proved because all of our perceptions, without exception, are mental images, and we have no means to go beyond our mental images. It is one we all
Eminem lyrics Artist: Eminem Album: The Marshall Mathers LP Kill You [Eminem] When I just a little baby boy, my momma used to tell me these crazy things She used to tell me my daddy was an evil man, she used to tell me he hated me But then I got a little bit older and I realized, she was the crazy one But there was nothin I could do or say to try to change it cause that\'s just the way she was They said I can\'t rap about bein broke no more They ain\'t say I can\'t rap about coke no more (AHHH!)
Accounting National Mortgage News, 2005. 1-9. This article presents information related to a corporate survey of chief financial officers that find that the job market looks bright in the finance, insurance, and real estate industry. Carey III, Addison. Accounting: What\'s the Real World of Accounting Like?. 3rd ed. Vol. 35. Black Collegian , 2005. 31. This book focuses on several types of accounting careers in the US areas of accounting. This book also contains a list of major accounting firm
Television Programs: How They Affect Society Television Programs: How It Affects Society It was an accident, proclaimed Janet Jackson after her Super Bowl fiasco, a wardrobe malfunction. It didn\'t appear to be one to the millions of people who witnessed the exposing of one of Jackson\'s breasts. Many were shocked and outraged, but this type of thing isn\'t new for the infamous boob tube. In 1977, the miniseries Roots, was the first TV show to air bare breasts (Clark 1070). Even still, t
COMCASTCOMCAST America\'s Leading Cable Provider By: Bruce Hinman Comcast Corporation, based in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, is the largest cable company in the United States. Comcast develops broadband cable networks and are involved in electronic retailing and television programming content. Comcast was founded in 1963 by Ralph J. Roberts, Daniel Aaron, and Julian A. Brodsky in Tupelo, Mississippi. Entrepreneurs who transformed Comcast from a small cable company to a massive corporation that
Management Level of planning paper In 2000, the Primeco Wireless submerged, and emerged as Verizon Wireless; the need for speed was gaining momentum. Verizon Wireless Online DSL, digital subscriber\'s line, is the number one telecommunication industry appearing in the FORTUNE Magazine; it has listed as the most Admired Company. Hay Group Fortune Magazine. The founder of Verizon Company is Darby Checketts; he was a man with a vision. This fast speed company under the CEO, Chairman, leadership of
Howard Stern Like millions of Americans, I listen to Howard Stern on the radio in the mornings. I think he is smart, quick and funny. Sometimes he is \'\'offensive,\'\' but to be quite frank, I am not \'\'offended,\'\' because what he says falls within the realm of words and subjects that, as an adult, I have long been familiar with even without the tutelage of Stern. Unlike millions of Americans, I do not listen to Rush Limbaugh on the radio. One reason for that is that I am usually at the movi
Telecommunications & Networking Report 1. 23-Sep-99: Free Web Services Challenge AOL\'s Dominance - Internet business analysts generally are not yet convinced of the viability of the free web service business model for bring profitable. None-the-less, most agree that the free access will probably take a significant chunk of AOL\'s market share before running out of investor\'s money. 2. 23-Sep-99: Visitalk.com Builds White Pages for Web Phone Calls - Visitalk.com has unveiled plans to simpli
HD TV over IP Networks HDTV over IP Networks Table of Contents Introduction 1 About CBN 1 HDTV Integration 2 Area Researched 3 Technology Involved 5 System Architecture 5 Implementation 6 Future Trends 8 Future Products 8 Companies Involved 10 Regulatory Issues 11 Dual Carriage and Multicast Requirement 11 Must Carry Requirement 11 Global Implications 11 Technology 12 Data Size and Bandwidth 12 Cost and Fees 12 The HDTV Advantage 13 References 14 Introduction About CBN Century Broadcast Netw
Cable Modem Access Cable Internet The Internet has been around for over 40 years and despite technological advances in speed, people still complain that it\'s too slow. How can people get their favorite songs or visit their favorite sites before dinner is over? This paper will discuss one option, cable internet access. Until now internet the public had to access the WWW through slow phone lines, connecting anywhere from 300 bps in the infancy of public access to 56k. But now there are several hi
Abnormal Psychology: Bipolar Disorder Bipolar Disorder Mental illness has plagued human kind for as long as we have been on this earth. The science of psychology has made great strides in past century. The stigma of being mentally ill has begun to fall away and people are finally starting to get the help that they need to recover. Bipolar disorder is one illness that we have come to more fully understand. Through assistance from a psychiatrist, family and medication a patient with bipolar disord
Advertising Privacy Intrusive Advertising and Privacy Concerns Instructor: Dr. John Dahlberg Issues in Advertising Shannon McCarthy The concept of consumer privacy encompasses a consumers ability to limit the collection and usage of certain types of data relating to a specific transaction (Sheehan Gleason, 2001). Today marketers and advertisers have engaged in what I feel to be somewhat questionable behavior in regards to consumers privacy. As technology becomes more sophisticated marketing beco
Steroids in sports in unethical. When you were a kid, didn\'t you want to play a professional sport? What would you give to be one of the best athletes in the world? Would you risk your reputation? Your health? Would you be willing to die? Although many studies have come out saying that steroids diminish one\'s health, people still take them hoping to be the best. Imagine if you were a 28 year old who left college early because a pro team guaranteed you that you would play in the big leagues.
Digital Home Convergence Digital Home Convergence Overview As technology and entertainment converge inside the home, major players in various industries are taking different strategies in planning for the future. The concept of the digital home will likely take one of two forms: a closed wired entertainment network (PVRs, OnDemand) or an open wireless data network (web, email, VOIP, IPTV). The closed model is already being offered in many homes across the country, but as technology advances, t
EASY WAY IN In most cases cable or DSL companies such as Comcast or DirectPC are just a single type of Internet connection company. But sometimes companies acquire these one-connection companies to make their companies bigger and better such as AOL buying Time Warner. As these companies get bigger and start to offer more types of connections they also start to have more security conflicts. AOL\'s software for its dial up connection has a firewall built in to it, the firewall protects it users fr