ba of pigs




Outline

A. Introduction

1. Topic

2. Topic question
- Give evidence
- Give examples of other ideas
3. Thesis

B. Batista/Castro Government
1. Before Castro’s reign
- conservative at first
- turned communist
2. USSR stayed ally with Castro

C. U-2 Spy Plane Incident

1. Francis Gary Powers
- USA’s excuse
- 1958 incident
2. Note to the US government
- air space violation
- Cuba 90 miles off the cost of Florida
3. Rejection of open skies’ proposal
- Eisenhower left for the summit conference
- no more U2 flights over the USSR
4. Powers tried and convicted of espionage by the supreme court of the USSR
- Castro seized all American-owned properties
- oil refineries
- sugar mills
- electric utilities
- USA very angry

D. Summary of The Inspector General\'s Survey of The Cuban Operation

1. Freedom of Information Act to the National Security Archives
-group that publishes declassified government documents
-the porpoise of document
2. A Program of Covert Action Against the Castro Regime
- Cuban exile organization
- propaganda offense
- clandestine intelligence
- paramilitary force

E. The CIA\'s Plan of Invasion

1. The bay of Pigs
- Cuban exile organization
- propaganda offense
- clandestine intelligence
- paramilitary force
2. Budget approved
- Political action
- propaganda
- paramilitary
- intelligence collection

F. What Went Wrong In The Bay of Pigs Invasion

1. The actual Plan
2. The Inspector General’s conclusions
- The Central Intelligence Agency
- failures with the project and agency

G. What Actually Happened In The Bay of Pigs Invasion

H. Conclusion




















The invasion at the Bay of Pigs has raised many questions and many interesting
things have come out of it. What people want to know is, why it happened, or what
caused it, but the most important question that is not commonly asked is what was the
main affect of the invasion? Some say that the affects are not many. People believed
for a while that there was no way that the united states could suffer from the invasion on
Cuba, they were wrong. The main affect was that Cuban leaders feared another direct
US invasion, and so they allowed the USSR to place nuclear missiles in Cuba, aimed at
the United States, this is called the Cuban Missile Crisis. The Soviet Union offered
military aid to Cuba, and Cuba agreed to let the Soviet Union send missiles and materials
to build launch sites. In October 1962, the United States learned that Cuba had nuclear
missiles in place that could be launched toward American cities. President John F.
Kennedy ordered a naval blockade to halt the further shipment of arms. He demanded
that the Soviet Union remove all missiles from the island and dismantle the remaining
missile bases. For several days, the world stood on the brink of nuclear war. Finally, the
Soviet Union removed the weapons under protest from Castro. The Soviet action came
after Kennedy privately agreed not to invade Cuba. Kennedy also agreed to remove U.S.
nuclear missiles from Turkey, which the Soviets considered to be a threat. All because of
the invasion on Cuba at the Bay of Pigs.

Fulgencio Batista y Zaldívar became the dictator of Cuba in 1952. The United
States had been kind to Batista. Shortly after, Fidel Castro, became the leader of an
underground antigovernment group. After leading several failed uprisings, and being
arrested for leading those revolts, Castro finally lead a successful rebellion against
Batista. In 1959, Castro became the Premier. At first, Castro was very conservative, but
after he realized how much power he had gained, he started abusing it, being very hostile
to both the Cuban people, and the United States. The United States, who had been very
good to Cuba, but the U.S. started to get angry when, in 1960, Castro seized American oil
refineries, sugar mills, and electric utilities. In the early 60s, he also started to welcome
communism and formed close ties with the USSR.
In 1959, when Castro became premier, the Central Intelligence Agency, (CIA)
started planning an invasion near Guantánamo Bay, a US naval base in Cuba, in the Bay
of Pigs, in southern Cuba. The CIA set up a small sub-organization with the sole purpose
of planning the invasion. Despite the propaganda, intelligence planning, counter
intelligence planning, and paramilitary planning, the mission still failed.
In February 1962, the Inspector General wrote a document called "The Inspector
General\'s Survey of the Cuban Operation." This was deemed top secret until 1997. Inside
it tells many reasons for the failure. Why didn\'t the CIA think of these problems ahead of
time?

Before Castro\'s reign over Cuba, a man named Fulgencio Batista y Zaldívar was
the Premier from 1952 to 1959. Castro was against Batista\'s ideas, so