Bill Gates




Bill Gates
Biographical Research Paper
April 28, 1997

William Henry Gates, III was born October 28, 1955 in Seattle, Washington. He was the middle
child of three born to William and Mary Gates. ATrey,@ as he was called because of the III, was
sent to a private school by his father, a lawyer, and mother, a former teacher now on several
prestigous boards (Moritz, 238). At age 13, Bill had completely taught himself programming after
taking a computer studies class. After scoring a perfect 800 on the mathematics half of the SAT,
he graduated from Lakeside school and enrolled at Harvard University as a prelaw major. As a
student Gates was a wonder. He received an A in an economics class without attending and
cramming the night before the final exam. In June 1975, Bill Gates dropped out of Harvard to
pursue a career in computers full time.

Later that year after dropping out of Harvard he moved to New Mexico. There he and Allen Kay
established Microsoft to produce their Basic for the MITS. Eighteen months later they were a few
hundred thousand dollars richer and were hired by Tandy to develop software for its radio shack
computers. Gates and Allen then moved their headquarters to Seattle, Washington. In Seattle,
Gates re-wrote an operating system and called it MS-DOS, which stands for Microsoft Disk
Operating System. Microsoft would eventually sell the rights of MS-DOS to IBM, making it a major
computer corporation. Other computer companies wanted Microsoft to produce software for their
computers, including Steve Jobs and Steve Wozniak of Apple computers. With the operating
system established, Gates and Microsoft set out to create applications software, for tasks such
as financial analysis or word processing. Microsoft has continued being successful through the
years and will be in the future as long as !
it keeps innovating new and exciting computer software.

Bill Gates has his eye on the future. He sees the world in a Apowerful, high-speed network-both
within companies and across the so called Information Superhighway@ (Brandt, 57). He hopes to
be on top of the Transformation from Personal Computers to nets. Gates predicts that an
explosion of low-cost, high-capacity, networks will radically alter how we use technology in the
upcoming decade.

Now before Bill Gates came onto the scene in the early seventies, the main focus in the computer
world was hardware. Chips, circuit boards, capacitors and controllers these were what
computers were all about at this time. Companies like IBM, Compaq and Apple were at the head
of the pack in the Aindustry that pushed hefty boxes of metal and plastic and silicon at thousands
ob bucks a pop.@(Manes, 4) No one had yet attempted to tap the software business, a market
that was inevitably going to grow as fast of faster than its complimentary hardware market. Bill
gates saw this opportunity and took advantage of it.

When William Henry Gates came into the world in the year 1955, the fledgling computer industry
was still trying to spread its wings and fly. AOn the day he was born in 1955, fewer then 500
electronic computers had existed in the entire world, their total retail value amounted to less then
$200 million, and the term Asoftware@ had not yet been coined.@(Manes, 2) Bill first laid a hand
on a computer in 1968 while in junior high school. The computer business was rapidly
transforming at this time, and so was Bill Gates. He saw the real profitable side of computers was
not their hardware. Rather it was the software end of the business. Good software is what makes
a computer exciting and easy to use. Bill Gates grabbed this concept and ran with it. The result:
As of 1993 AGates was personally worth more than $2 billion@, and his company, Microsoft, was
Avalued at more than $7 billion.@(Manes, 2)

As Microsoft and the software industry grew, the computer hardware manufacturers no longer
saw the opportunity to exploit Bill Gates= company, as they had done initially with BASIC, one of
the first programs Microsoft produced. Rather, they saw Bill Gates and Microsoft as the Controller
of their destinies. Microsoft software had become so popular that if your hardware could not run it,
you were certain of defeat. Throughout the early