black bear population in new jersey




Black Bear Population

As the world evolves, the number of problems facing it increases with each passing day. The population numbers of many species are rising extensively. Several environmental factors along with scientific factors combine, resulting in over-population. As more buildings, homes, and businesses materialize, natural habitats where animals live are destroyed, leaving certain species intruding in rural areas where they once roamed freely. One particularly example of this problem is the black bear population in New Jersey. The black bear population is growing too quickly while their natural habitat is rapidly decreasing. The Division of Fish and Wildlife estimates the black bear population in the state of New Jersey to be over 1,000. The same experts also estimate that in five years, the black bear population will double and prove its extremely fast rate of growth. As the black bears’ natural feeding grounds disappear, the reported number of incidents between bears and humans in New Jersey is on the rise. The black bear population is disrupting urban life by causing property damage, breaking into homes and cars, killing livestock and pets, and founding a general feeling of fear in the community. People feel the need to protect themselves, pets, livestock, and property. This issue affects a large percent of New Jersey residents and calls for measures. Three possible solutions to addressing this issue are conducting legalized hunts by hired professional hunters, targeting and euthanizing overly problematic bears, or rejecting the killing concept and dealing with the problem in several different, non-violent ways.
The first possible solution to control the black bear population in New Jersey is to organize a black bear hunt consisting of professional hunters. Hiring trained, professional hunters, also known as sharp shooters, to conduct a two or three day hunt appeals to many New Jersey residents. While many recreational hunters try to shoot any and every bear they see, trained professionals kill the bears that they see as causing problems in a populated area. Black bears, once rarely aggressive, are growing bolder, from simply mauling trashcans to killing pets and livestock. This year, the number of complaints of property damage is 157, the number of home entry complaints is 26, the number of livestock killings is 21, the number of beehives destroyed is 13, the number of domestic pet rabbit killings is 10, and the number of complaints of pet dog attacks is 7. In addition, more than 30 vehicle strikes are occurring between humans and bears. New Jerseyans have the right to want to protect themselves, children, pets, livestock, and property against bears. A proposed bear hunt of sharp shooters would reduce the number of black bears by up to 75% over a three year time period, from more than 1,000 down to 250. The effects of a professional bear hunt would not only resulting dramatic, immediate results, but would prove to be safer, more efficient, and much lower in cost compared with several other options. As opposed to a regular hunt where any licensed hunter of any juvenile accompanied by a licensed adult can participate, the sharp-shooter hunt would only be available to a select group of hired hunters, after passing safety courses. This hunt would not only reduce the risk of incidental injuries obtained by inexperienced hunters, but would also lessen the cruelty towards the bears. Having excellent aim and precise knowledge of bear hunting, the sharp-shooter could kill each bear quickly and painlessly with one bullet rather than injuring the bear first and tracking it down to complete the drawn-out kill. The efficiency with which the professional hunters work, could complete the hunt with several days, therefore causing less of a disruption in the community. Many communities would experience a great abundance of recreational hunters if a legalized hunt becomes available to them, but with the proposed the sharp-shooter hunt, a fewer amount of hunters would arrive in the county. Lastly, experts estimate the cost of the sharp-shooter hunt being less expensive than plans for relocating, sterilizing, and euthanizing bears while educating the community and protection forces. An organized hunt consisting of trained professionals proves to have a lower cost than alternative solutions, to be a more efficient way of utilizing hunting time, and to have