Capital Punishment10




CAPITAL PUNISHMENT

Capital punishment is the only way to eliminate repeat offenders, to deter potential murderers and is the ultimate retribution.

“When I think of all the sweet, innocent people who suffer extreme pain and who die every day in this country, then the outpouring of sympathy for cold-blooded killers enrages me. Where is your sympathy for the good, the kind and the innocent? This fixation on murderers is a sickness, a putrefaction of the soul. It\'s the equivalent of someone spending all day mooning and cooing over a handful of human feces, sick and abnormal.” – Charley Reese (columnist).

There has been many arguments in the history of the United States, ranging from abortion to gun control, but capital punishment has been one of the most hotly contested issues in recent decades. Capital Punishment is the administration of death penalty by the state to an individual who committed a crime which, based on its laws, mandates the death penalty. It is capital, because the offence is extremely serious, and it is punishment because it is given in response to some heinous crime committed by the perpetrator. The objective of capital punishment is to punish individuals who committed murder or other heinous crimes against innocent people. Capital punishment is not merely a legal question but a practical, philosophical, social, political, and moral question as well. It is unalterable because it removes those punished from society permanently, instead of temporarily imprisoning them.

Whenever the word "death penalty" comes up, people from both sides start arguing. One side says deterrence, justice, retribution, and punishment while the other side says execution is murder. According to Federic Bastiat in the law humans have inalienable rights that existed outside of and before government. These rights are life, liberty, and property. He insist that the only legitimate purpose of government is to protect these rights. When one person inflicts on another\'s rights or takes advantage of another person, he is plundering. The notion of deterrence has been at the very center of the practical debate over the question of capital punishment. Fear influences people and most people fear death The death penalty deters murder by instilling the fear of execution into potential killers. People are less likely to do something illegal if they think that harm will come to themselves. Another way in which the death penalty prevents murder is eliminating brutal murderers from our society. If the brutal killer is dead, he or she will not be able to kill again.. It is sensible to think that the death penalty would deter murder. In an article from the American Journal of Sociology, according to David Philips psychological experiments show that people are often deterred from exhibiting aggression when they see someone else punished for it. According to Isaac Ehrlich\'s study, published on April 16, 1976, eight murders are deterred for each execution that is carried out in the U.S.A. He goes on to say, "If one execution of a guilty capital murderer deters the murder of one innocent life, the execution is justified." To most supporters of the death penalty, like Ehrlich, if even just one life is saved, for countless executions of the guilty, this is a good reason for the death penalty. Another useful report was written by researcher Karl Spence of Texas A&M University. He gathered statistics from 1960 to 1976, showing the ratio of executions to murders. The results were as follows: 1) In 1960, there were 56 executions in the United States and 9,140 murders. 2) By 1964, when there were only 15 executions, the number of murders had risen to 9,250. 3) In 1969, there were no executions and 14,590 murders. 4) In 1975, after six more years without executions, 20,510 murders occurred. So the number of murders grew as the number of executions declined. Spence said:
"While some abolitionists try to face down the results of their disastrous experiment and still argue to the contrary, the data concludes that a substantial deterrent effect has been observed. In six months, more Americans are murdered than have killed by execution in this entire century. Until we begin to fight crime in every person who dies at a criminal\'s hands is a victim of our inaction."

In Utah, there have been five executions since the Supreme