Capital punnishment




"If there were a death penalty, more people would be alive." -Nancy Regan

The question of the costs of capital punishment versus those of life imprisonment has been debated within the courts and legislatures since the 1960¡¥s when a massive appeals movement began to develop (Welch, 296). This appeals process was inspired by the fact that between 1930 and 1993, 4,085 people were executed in the United States and it is believed that of these 350 people were wrongfully executed which creates a staggering 08.6% wrongful execution rate (Welch, 314).
Many people say that the death penalty will save the government and the taxpayers millions of dollars by eliminating the costs of caring for the inmates within correctional facilities. This, however, is an incorrect assumption. ¡§Costs vary from state to state and case to case, but generally, executions are three to four times more expensive than life imprisonment¡¨ (Welch, 296). This is because of the massive appeals process that a sentenced person must go through in order to be deemed justifiably worthy of the penalty for the crimes that they have committed. It is estimated that the trial and appeals of the Ted Bundy case in Florida coast a total of $6 to $10 million (Welch, 296). However, some count it worth the cost to completely eliminate the threat that the offender poses to the community and correctional facility staff as well as eliminating any incentive a criminal would have for attempting escape. Ted Bundy escaped from officials on two occasions, which resulted in the death, attacking, or rape of at least nine known young women (Rule, 526).
To put an offender in prison for life in many ways only makes them more volatile (Welch, 296). Withholding execution, once you remove a person\'s freedom to live, you remove all methods of punishment allowed by the Constitution. If there were no penalty of death then the maximum penalty that you can hold over an individual serving a life sentence is to place them in solitary confinement or give them more life sentences. This leaves them free to do whatever they want and not really suffer any consequences, posing an unacceptable risk to the correctional officers and creating an open door to any ideas of escape by inmates. So in many cases people can justify capital punishment for those offenders who can not be reformed or punished enough for the crimes that they have committed. However, capital punishment is 100% effective and final (Welch, 296). Unless it can be proven that the offender is guilty with absolutely no questionable evidence that might suggest otherwise, there is a chance of executing an innocent person, and this is unacceptable.
By the shear cost alone it can be determined that capital punishment is not worth it, but in many cases it is almost a necessity, therefore justifying the cost. I believe that as long as there is a definite guilt proven against an individual and that guilt is justifiably worthy of the death penalty then that individual should receive the penalty of death. I believe that the cost is worth the safety of the public and all officers involved. There should never be a price placed on the security or safety of innocent lives.


Bibliography:
„h Welch, Michael. Corrections: A Critical Approach. New York: McGraw-Hill Companies, 1996
„h Rule, Anne. The Stranger Beside Me. New York: Signet, 2000
„h Osterburg, James W. and Richard H. Ward. Criminal Investigation, 3rd Edition. Cincinnati: Anderson Publishing Co., 2000