Censorship in Mark Twains Novel Huckleberry Finn

Collier pg.1
"The author of The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn is Samuel Langhorn Clemens, who is more commonly known by his pen name, Mark Twain."(Lyttle pg.16) He was born in 1835 and died in 1910. Ever since The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn were published there has been a wide variety of objections about the literature found in the book which are represented as racist or hatred, because "Twain Attributed a stereotyped ^Negro^ dialect"(Cox pg.129). There has been acts of depriving children to read this great novel by removing it from most school libraries. "The book is a rich, deep text on many important issues: not only race and slavery, but violence, child abuse, alcoholism, and many other problems still relevant to American society. At the same time, it is an inventory of essential values, such as kindness, courage, and the need through moral choices" (Koster pg.159).

Collier pg.2
Throughout the book Clemens compares and contrasts many of the social groups. Throughout the novel Clemens portrays Caucasians as a more educated group that is higher in society compared to the African Americans portrayed in the novel. The way that Clemens portrays African Americans as foul is through the conversations that he assigns them. Their dialogue is composed of nothing but broken English. One example in the novel is this excerpt from the conversation between Jim ,the fugitive slave, and Huckleberry about why Jim ran away, where Jim declares, "Well you see, it ‘uz dis way. Ole missus-dat\'s Miss Watson-she pecks on me all de time, en treats me pooty rough, but she awluz said she woudn\' sell me down to Orleans." Although this is the spelling of how some

Collier pg.3

Collier pg.3
African Americans from the south used to talk, Clemens applied this kind of speaking only to Blacks and not to Whites throughout the novel. There is not one sentence in the book spoken by an African American that is not made up of broken English. The second way Clemens compares people in the novel of different skin color is that all Blacks in the book are portrayed as stupid and uneducated. The second way Clemens compares people in the novel of different skin color is that all Blacks in the book are portrayed as stupid and uneducated. The most offensive example is where the African American character Jim is kept prisoner for weeks while he is a fool in a childish game that Tom Sawyer and Huck Finn play with him. The next two groups Clemens compares are the red necks and the educated. In the novel Clemens uses interaction between backwoods and more educated people as a important

Collier pg.4
part of the plot. The usage of this mixing of two different social groups is seen in two very entertaining characters called the duke and the king. These two characters are red necks who pretend to be of an educated background to trick naive people along the banks of the Mississippi. At one point in the story king and the duke mess up in trying to act more educated when they to act out a "Shakespearean Revival." The duke totally messes up the lines of Hamlet saying, "To be, or not to be; that is the bare bodkin. That it makes calamity of so long life. For who fardel bear, till Birnam Wood do come to Dunshire, but that fear of something after death."Thirdly Clemens compares adults and children. Clemens shows adults as the usual group in society, and children as the unusual. In the story adults are not shown with much info, but children are shown as more imaginative. The two main examples of this are when

Collier pg.5
Huckleberry fakes that he had died, and when Tom and Huck "help" Jim escape from captivity. This original feature Clemens gives to the children of the story adds a lot of humor to the plot. Fourthly Clemens compares women and men. Women in The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn are shown as weak, while men are shown as more outgoing. The example of a weak woman character in The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn is Tom Sawyer\'s Aunt Sally. One example was when Tom and Huck were collecting wild animals to live in the shack that