DDay Success or Disaster



D-Day, Success or Disaster


Twenty years after the end of the First World War a man named Adolph Hitler of Germany began a Second World War. On September 1, 1939 Germany invaded Poland, which had a treaty with France and England to protect them. The English, French and Polish were all unprepared to fight, and as a result were beaten terribly. By the next spring France had been totally taken by the Germans. While Germany and there allies, Italy, controlled all of the western part of Europe. England, France and now America had to figure a way to take the control of Europe again. There decision was to try and storm a beach in Normandy France. It would be one of the bloodiest war battles in U.S. History. This storming of Omaha Beach would be a success because even though the allies lost a lot of men, they still were able to take the beach, which led them to take the continent. This was the beginning of the end for Hitler and his Nazis. Hitler and his partners, Japan and Italy, made many mistakes, which opened the door for the allied forces to make this operation possible.

Germanyís big mistake was that Hitler had assembled a massive naval fleet to try and invade England. Hitlerís thinking was that if he did try to go against one of the greatest naval fleets in the world that he would not be able to get it done. He also realized that the British would anything to stop a German invasion. So Hitler delayed and eventually cancelled the attack. Even if he had lost the invasion into England, he could have at least damaged the British navy. His partner, Italy, had brought in northern Africa, and Japan brought the US in when they not only bombed the navy base Pearl Harbor in Hawaii, but also hit other U.S. possessions like the Philippians. Now that the U.S. was in the war, Germany had its hands full.
The allies kept planning a time when they could go ashore and take control of France again. In the summer of 1942 Britain and Canada actually tried a small amphibious attack across the English Channel at a small French port, Dieppe. It was a frightfully disastrous attempt 6,100 men were involved in the attack and over half were killed or captured. Yet the allies insisted that an attack from the water was the only way to get on the offensive in Europe. This massive loss did teach the allies a lesson; it taught them that they need to not try and take a built-up sea port like Dieppe, but instead to try and send a massive attack on the open beaches. The problem the allies faced with going on a beach was that an invasion with the amount of force that they were planning would need a seaport for the mass number of people, gasoline, weapons, food, and many other supplies. So the allies came up with the plan they would bring the port with them to the beach. They brought things like ships to be sunk so they would have breakwaters, floating piers and cranes and hoists. After the lost at Dieppe the allies luck changed and they began a string of winning battles. The British with American aid won battle after battle in Northern

Africa to push the Germans, and Italians out of northern Africa. Once the allies got Africa back they needed to knock Italy out of the war.
In late 1943 the allies were making the actual plans for the great cross channel invasion that would be named operation overload. Although more popularly known as D-Day, though D-Day stands for day of attack in any battle, but is most commonly linked to the turning point in the war. They decided that they wanted the invasion to happen in the middle of 1944. The success to the invasion was dependent on air assaults and the naval assaults. The Air Force was sent to bomb and ruin German artillery and major points of military power, and the navy was to do the same. They also had to deal with the terrain of Omaha beach especially. The beach was about 4 miles long and