discrimination of women in the workplace

The Discrimination of Woman in the Workplace
During the 1950s and 1960s, increasing numbers of married women entered the labor force, but in 1963 the average working woman earned only 63% of what a man made. That year The Feminine Mystique, a critique of middle-class patterns was published. The author encouraged readers to seek new roles and responsibilities, to seek their own personal and professional identities rather than have them defined by the outside, male-dominated society.
During debate on the 1964 Civil Rights bill, an amendment was proposed to outlaw discrimination on the basis of gender as well as race. First the amendment, then the bill itself, passed, giving women a legal tool to secure their rights. In 1966, 28 professional women established the National Organization for Women (NOW).
Sexual discrimination is prevalent in the United States today, and is evident in the business world. Most businesses have always been dominated by men, and have simply been tradition in America that men run Corporate America and not women. Not until the late twentieth century, have women even been a part of big business.
One important question that needs to be asked is, “what is equal?” Equality between sexes and race has been stressed and made law in the late nineteenth century, but even though laws have been made to protect woman from this discrimination, it still occurs frequently. Equal is being treated the same way and having the same opportunities no matter who one is. Big business has not given women the chance to be equal with men. One does not normally see a woman as the owner, or even the manager of a major corporation, these jobs consistently go to men. Tradition hurts women’s employment opportunities because most of the people that are in the position to hire are men who were hired by other men. Men have an upper hand, because they have been traditionally the ones that run and control business. It is very difficult to break a tradition or trend like that. When it comes to substantial positions, a woman has a tough time competing with a man that has anywhere near her qualifications, just for the plain fact that a man usually feels more comfortable hiring another man. Men feel that woman are not capable of handling these positions and just hire a male over a female almost every time.
When it comes to equality some standards still need to be kept in mind. A woman should not be hired to fill a mandatory quota. To be hired, one should definitely have to meet all the requirements of the job. At one time women went to school to be nurses or teachers, now they are receiving similar degrees in all the areas that men are and doing just as well, if not better, at times. If a woman can qualify herself for a job just like a man would, then obviously she fit to hold the same job as a man would. Men need to step back and ask themselves, “why not hire a woman?” instead of, “why hire a woman"?
The ratio of men to woman that hold upper managerial, CEO, and stock market jobs is unbelievable. All of these jobs are simply dominated by men. These are some of the most powerful jobs in America, and women are simply not given the chance to hold them. Women could bring a whole new perspective to all of these positions if they were to be hired. These women could bring new ways and ideas to business that men could just not see or come up with. Woman could be a major asset to many companies because they would offer a different looks or ideal that companies without women would not have. Women use and are effected by business so they should have a say in what goes on in it.
There are many oppositions to the idea of equality in business, especially equality among the sexes. Women have constantly proven that they can perform as well as a man, in all jobs in which they are equally employed. Over the last century women have made enormous contributions in the sciences, art, and medicine, proving that those fields are not just for men. By completing their education