Edger allan poe




Best known for his poems and short fiction, Edgar Allan Poe, born in Boston on Jan. 19,
1809, deserves more credit than any other writer for the transformation of the short story from
tale to art. He for the most part created the detective story and perfected the psychological
thriller. He also produced some of the most influential literary criticism of his time. Poe died Oct.
7, 1849.
Poe\'s parents were touring actors; both died before he was three years old, and he was
taken into the home of John Allan, a wealthy merchant in Richmond, Va., and baptized Edgar
Allan Poe. His childhood was uneventful, although he studied for five years in England between
the years of 1815 through 1920. In 1826 he entered the University of Virginia, however, he only
attended for a year. Although a good student, he ran up large gambling debts that Allan refused to
pay. Allan prevented his return to the university and broke off Poe\'s engagement to Sarah Elmira
Royster, his girlfriend. Having no where to turn, Poe enlisted in the army. He had, however,
already written and printed his first book at his own expense: Tamerlane and Other Poems, verses
written in the manner of Byron.
Temporarily approved, Allan secured Poe\'s release from the army and his appointment to
West Point but refused to provide financial support. After six months Poe apparently contrived to
be dismissed from West Point for disobedience of orders. His fellow cadets, however, contributed
the funds for the publication of Poems by Edgar A. Poe.
Poe next took up residence in Baltimore with his widowed aunt, Maria Clemm, and her
daughter, Virginia, and turned to fiction as a way to support himself. In 1832 the Philadelphia
Saturday Courier published five of his stories, all comic or satiric. Poe, his aunt, and Virginia
moved to Richmond in 1835, and he became editor of the Southern Literary Messenger and
married Virginia, who was not yet fourteen years old. His contributions undoubtedly increased the
magazine\'s circulation, but they offended its owner, who also took exception to Poe\'s drinking.
In New York City, then in Philadelphia and again in New York Poe sought to establish
himself as a force in literary journalism, but with only moderate success. He did succeed,
however, in formulating influential literary theories and in demonstrating mastery of the forms he
favored, highly musical poems and short prose narratives. The tale Poe considered his finest, “The
Fall of The House of Usher,” which was to become one of his most famous stories.
Virginia\'s death in January 1847 was a heavy blow, but Poe continued to write and lecture.
In the summer of 1849 he revisited Richmond, lectured, and was accepted anew by the fiancee he
had lost in 1826. After his return north he was found unconscious on a Baltimore street. In a brief
obituary the Baltimore Clipper reported that Poe had died of congestion of the brain.
The short story is a prose narrative that can be told or read on a single occasion. It is
believed to be the oldest form of prose fiction. Originating with primitive accounts of
supernatural encounters, short narratives have existed in the form of parables, fairy tales, folk
tales, legends, and fables throughout history. Edgar Allan Poe perfected what has come to be
known as the classic form, as opposed to the later hard-boiled form developed in the 1920s. The
classic form is the story in which a seemingly impossible crime has been committed and the
detective relies on his or her superior perception, intellect, and often arcane knowledge to solve
the mystery.

The fall of The House of Usher
Edgar Allan Poe’s, “ The Fall of the House of Usher” takes on the same basic literary
themes as do most of his stories, suspense imparticular. However, he also uses the supernatural in
this story as well. Poe’s vast description enables the reader to place himself with the narrator, and
get a better feeling of what is truly going on with the story. Using a nameless narrator allows the
reader to use his imagination on to what the narrator looks like; is it the reader himself? Poe? or a
figment of Poe’s imagination? That is to forever be unknown. However, it is also part of the
reason Poe’s work has become the superlative of the short story.
The story takes place mainly in the House of the Usher family, the exact location in is not
mentioned, however, the surroundings seem very gloomy; the house itself is described as
decaying, Poe