Emily Dickinson1




"Emily Dickinson"
Emily Elizabeth Dickinson was an American poet of the nineteenth century. She was one of the greatest masters of the short lyric poem. Not much is known about her life, but what is known is unusual and interesting.
Emily Dickinson was born in Amherst, Massachusetts on December tenth, eighteen hundred thirty, to a prominent family. [ 9. http://www.kutztown.edu/faculty/
reagan/*censored*inson.html ] She was the second child of three children. Her grandfather, Samuel Dickinson, was one of the founders of the Amherst College. Edward Dickinson, her father, held several political positions. He was on the General Court of Massachusetts, Massachusetts State Senate, and United States House Representatives. Edward was also a lawyer and the treasurer for the college. [ 9. http://www.kutztown.edu/faculty/reagan/*censored*inson.html ] Emily\'s mother, Emily Dickinson, was a simple woman. She was dedicated to her home and family. Emily\'s mother suffered a long term of illness so she took care of her. Dickinson had an older brother, Austin, who also served as the treasurer for the college and other civic positions. Austin married Emily\'s best friend, Susan Gilbert. Lavinia was Emily\'s younger sister. She didn\'t marry anyone so she stayed in the family house. The three siblings shared a very close relationship. Their parents didn\'t have a close relationship with them, but they did love and care for them. Emily\'s parents made sure she had a good education. She went to a primary school for four years then she attended Amherst Academy from eighteen hundred forty through eighteen hundred forty-seven. After that she went to Mary Lyon\'s Female Seminary ( Mount Holyoke Female Seminary ) for only a year.
[ 7. http://www.gale.com/library/resrcs/poets_cn/*censored*nbio.htm ] The seminary insisted on religious as well as intellectual growth. Emily didn\'t like the religious environment and was under considerable pressure to become a professing Christian. [ 4. wysiwyg://5/http://www.
britannica.com/bcom/eb/article/0/0,5716,30830+1,00.html ]
When it came to religion, Emily was a skeptic. She returned home so she wouldn\'t have to face the religious environment, and her parents asked her to come home. [ 10. http://www.sappho.com/poetry/
historical/e_*censored*in.html ]
Emily began to write poems at an early age. She had several inspirations in her poem writing. Emily Bronte was a poet, and after her brother\'s death she stayed home until her death. Bronte\'s book became a big success after her death. [ 8. http://www.geocities.
com/CollegePark/1380/emily.htm]
Emily Dickinson life was similar to hers. Ralph Waldo Emerson was an essayist and a poet. [ 5. http://encarta.
msn.com/find/concise.asp?ti=023d7000 ]
These two people\'s work help inspired her to write poems. A person with a big impact on Dickinson\'s life was Reverend Charles Wadsworth. She met him in Philadelphia on a road trip she took to see her father with her sister. They became very close friends, and they wrote letters to each other. [ 9. http://www.kutztown.edu/
faculty/reagan/*censored*inson.html ] Thomas Wentworth Higginson was an author and a critic. Emily sent her poems to him for criticism. He told her about anonymous publication for her poems, but advised her not to publish them. [ 4. wywsiyg://5/http://www.britannica.com/bcom/
eb/article/0/0,5716,30830+1,00.html ] Other correspondences were Dr. and Mrs. Holland and Samuel Bowles. These two men were the editors of the "Springfield Republican". Emily also sent these men her poems for criticism. A man with less influence was a family friend, Judge Otis Lorde.
Emily had a normal childhood. She was bright, witty, had friends, and went to parties. [ 6. http://metalab.unc.edu/cheryb.women/Emily- Dickinson-bio.htm ] Dickinson began her life of seclusion after she returned home from the seminary in eighteen hundred forty-eight. Emily didn\'t marry, but she did have several significant relationships. Emily began to dress in all white, resembling a bride. Around the age of thirty, she rarely saw anyone. She lived in her room and garden. She would communicate with people through letters. She only wrote to a select few. Nearly every letter she wrote would have a poem included. Her family and a few close friends would stand at her bedroom door, which was ajar, to talk to her. [ 6. http://
metalab.unc.edu/cheryb.women/Emily- Dickinson-bio.htm ] During her withdrawal from society, she wrote practically all her poems. She had three main themes; they were death, love, and nature. [ 9.http://www.
kutztown.edu/faculty/reagan/*censored*inson.html and 12. Notable Poets, volume one, page 288] Emily wrote many poems for close friend, Susan. In these poems, she expressed her love for Susan, her desire to hold and kiss her, and