Fadumo Issa
PHIL330
819333639
Exam#4
1A. Cynthia Cohen explains that the use of reproductive technology produces serious defects to small children and to continue with that is not right. Cohn stated, "few long-term studies have been undertaken of the kinds and rates of physical diseases and abnormalities incurred by born of the new reproductive technology"(Biotech,446). Cohn explains that these reproductive technologies were actually causing more harm than good because the children were suffering from physical, physiological, and some even suffered from serious illnesses, therefore, it is wrong to continue using it.
1B. In the interest in Existing Cohn argues that it is better to be alive then not. Although, these technologies cause serious defects it is not as bad as not being able to be alive. These technologies help children by being able to be alive; therefore, the good outweighs the bad.
1C . "no child exist can be harmed "( Biotech,450). Cohn\'s critique was that unlike the interest in existing, it is morally right to stop using these technologies to bring kids into this world, which in the process these technologies cause birth defects. The technologies should be stopped until there will be better alternatives. When we lived we fear the nonexistence because we will miss out the good in living, but before we lived nonexistence world would not be as fearful as when we already existed.
2A . Procreative liberty is having the right whether to have children or not. According to Robert, procreative liberty is known to be the "negative rights" (Biotech, 467). A bortion is a part of procreative liberty .

2B . The freedom to procreate and bear a child. This is morally right and respected because reproduction of family is the purpose of marriage and sexual union. According to Robert, "the right to reproduce is widely recognized as a prima facie moral right that cannot be limited except for a very good reason "( Biotech, 469).
2C . Freezing embryos and the IVF.
3A . Is Anderson\'s view of surrogacy consequentialist or deontological? Explain.
3B. What is Anderson\'s main objection to surrogacy?
The main objection to surrogacy is that women and children are being used as a product in the market and are not seen as they should be. Because regardless of the egg and sperm donation she is the one who will be bearing that child in her body and that makes her part of that child and she will be emotionally connected to the child, but this experiment does not put that under consideration and their worth. Biological mother can never just be service that child will still be forever part of that mother.
3C . Anderson would say that when it comes to the utilitarian that when they focus on the greater good. Surrogacy brings happiness and pleasure to a parents who were unable to berry a child and wo uld give them the ability to be a parents.
4 . Kass argues that human cloning is morally wrong and that it is not right to have a identical twins. The twin would have troubled identity. The human cloning violates the natural way of having children, and makes the children more as a property. There will issues with social identities and who their genotype can be traced back to. " the programmed reproduction of a man med reproduction, will in fact dehumanize him"(Bioethics, 505).
4A. One of the reasons why Kass rejected human cloning is that cloning goes human nature. He argued that since colonial is a cell that creates identical genetics; people would have an identity issues. As stated, "cloning violates the right to unique identity "( Biotech, 419). He also, argues that it could be damaging to children and family dynamics in general, because through cloning human would became a product. Kass also explained how, "human cloning procedures would carry unacceptable risks to the close" (Bioethic ,527 ).
4B . The ability to be able to make a twin from someone\'s cell, ability to be able to enable a gene in order for disease not to be passed on to offspring and just making a twin from someone\'s cell who passed away.
4C. Kass argues that through cloning it damages the families dynamic, because instead of getting children from a loving parent who made a child