Franklin D Roosevelt





On January 30, 1882 in Hyde Park, New York Franklin Delano Roosevelt was born.
James Roosevelt,
Franklin\'s father, was a prosperous railroad official and landowner(Lawson 25). His
predecessors, when they came from
the Netherlands, were succes Roosevelt learned from private tutors, not going to school
until the age of fourteen. He had
already studied German, Latin and French by the time he had started school(Freidel 6).
Sailing, bird hunting and stamp
collecting were among his hobbies. On his In 1896, at the age of fourteen his parents
sent him away to Groton,
Massachusetts, to a private, boys only, boarding school. He was not very popular
among the students, but was
respected by his peers and was never the object of pranks pulled by the ol From there,
Roosevelt went on to enter
Harvard in 1900. There too Roosevelt remained an average student, making it through
with a C average most of the
time(Hacker 19). At Harvard, his social activities took preference over his academic
pursuit and the In 1903 Roosevelt
graduated from Harvard and entered the Columbia Law School. He dropped out in his
third year after passing the New
York bar examination(Hacker 24). Soon after, Roosevelt started practicing law with a
New York law firm.
While still in law school, Roosevelt met Anna Eleanor Roosevelt a distant cousin, only a
few years younger than
him(Alsop 28). They were married on St. Patrick\'s day, March 17th, 1905(Freidel 13).
He was twenty-three and she
was twenty-one. Her fathe A few years later in 1910, Roosevelt accepted the
Democratic nomination for the New York
State Senate(Freidel 17). He won the elections, and in the following January he entered
the Senate at the young age of
twenty-eight(Freidel 18). Later in 1912 he ra In July of 1921, while vacationing at
Campobello Island, he went sailing
with his children. One day, they saw, what appeared to be a forest fire, on a nearby
island they quickly sailed to shore to
help put out the fire. It took a couple of hours and w was able to walk in the pool
unaided. His disease, poliomyelitis, had
affected him on land but in the water he was as quick as anyone. In 1926 he bought
Warm Springs for $200,000(Hacker
40). In 1927 he contributed two-thirds of his wealth(Freidel 47) a His physical
disabilities didn\'t hinder his climb of the
political ladder. In 1928 Roosevelt ran for governor of New York and won the election
with a large margin. One of his
main goals was that the state should own the electric companies and other util In October
of 1929, when Roosevelt was
still Governor, the stock market suddenly collapsed. This caused nation-wide panic.
Grain and cotton prices dropped
tremendously due to an overabundant supply, and many farmers were out of jobs.
Rapidly, people w Roosevelt did not
run for the presidency in 1928 because that year, most of the country was in favor of a
Republican candidate for
president. Four years later in 1932, a week before his fiftieth birthday, Roosevelt
announced his candidacy for president
Through his campaign speeches he preached of a \'New Deal\' for the American people,
one that would lift them out of the
depression. Now he was going to fulfill his promise. Roosevelt did not sit back and
watch the country take itself out of a
depression. uests would be permitted to reopen and those that couldn\'t, wouldn\'t. Banks
that couldn\'t meet withdrawals
requests would, together with federal aid, meet the withdrawal demands(Lawson 48). Of
the nineteen thousand banks,
only about twenty-four hundred Like he said in campaign speeches, "If I were elected
President, my first step would be
to mobilize the country for war on unemployment"(Woolf). This is exactly what he
started to do. Another main bill passed
in the hundred days was the Civilian Conserv He also signed into law one of the most
important laws that today helps
back up our bank system. Until that time there was no insurance to cover for banks that
went bankrupt or collapsed. The
Banking Act of 1933 changed all of this. The government put a He also accomplished
many things which greatly boosted
the economy. He reduced the 1934 federal budget by 13%. Although he often spoke
that the American Navy and
Marines should be the best in the world, he was not hesitant in cutting the 1934 defense
bud On August 14, 1935 he
signed into law the Social Security Act. This act offered protection to the