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The Concentration Camps
Of all the examples of injustice against humanity in history, the Jewish Holocaust has to be one of the most prominent. In the period of 1933 to 1945, the Nazis waged a vicious war against Jews and other "Lesser races". This war came to a head with the "Final Solution" in 1938. One of the end results of the Final Solution was the horrible Concentration and death camps of Germany, Poland, and other parts of Nazi-controlled Europe. In the aftermath of the Holocaust, final tallies of human losses shocked people around the world, and the people responsible were punished for their inhuman acts. The Holocaust was a dark time in the history of the 20th century. One can trace the beginnings of the Holocaust as far back as 1933, When the Nazi party of Germany, lead by Adolph Hitler, came to power. Hitler\'s anti-Jew campaign began soon afterward, with the "Nuremberg Laws", which defined the meaning of being Jewish based on ancestry. These laws also forced segregation between Jews and the rest of the public. It was only a dim indication of what the future held for European Jews.
Anti-Jewish aggression continued for years after the passing of the Nuremberg Laws. One of these was the "Aryanization" of Jewish property and business. Jews were progressively forced out of the Economy of Germany, their assets turned over to the government and the German public. Other forms of degradation were programs, or organized demonstrations against Jews. The first, and most infamous, of these programs were Krystallnacht, or "The night of broken glass". This program was prompted by the assassination of Ernst von Rath, a German
Diplomat, by Herschel Grymozpan in Paris on November 7th, 1938. Two days later, Joseph Gobbels attacked Jews in Germany and organized an act of retaliation. On the nights of November 9th and 10th, over 7,000 Jewish businesses were destroyed, 175 synagogues demolished, nearly 100 Jews had been killed, and thousands more had been injured. In many ways, this was the first major act of violence to Jews made by the Nazis. Their intentions were now clear. The Nazi\'s plans for the Jews of Europe were outlined in the "Final Solution to the Jewish question" in 1938. In a meeting of some of Hitler\'s top officials, the idea of the complete annihilation of Jews In Europe was hatched. By the time the meeting was over, the Final Solution had been created. The plans in the Final Solution included the deportation, exploitation, and eventual extermination of European Jews.
In September 1939, Germany invaded western Poland. Most, if not all Jews in German-occupied lands were rounded up and taken to ghettos or concentration camps. The ghettos were located inside cities, and were a sort of city/prison to segregate Jews from the rest of the public. Conditions in the ghettos included overcrowding, lack of food, and lack of sanitation, as well as brutality by Nazi guards. Quality of life in a ghetto was probably not much above that in a concentration camp. In June 1941, Germany continued its invasion of Europe by attacking and capturing some of the western U.S.S.R. By this time, most of the Jews in Europe now lived in lands controlled by Naziís. The SS deployed 3000 death squads; this was used to dispatch Jews in large numbers. In September 1941, all Jews were forced to wear yellow Stars of David on their arms or coats. A Jew could be killed with little repercussions for not displaying the Star of David in public. Some of The first Jewish resistance to the Final Solution came in 1943, when the process of deportation to concentration and death camps was in full swing. The Warsaw ghetto in Poland, once numbering over 365,000, had been reduced to only 65,000 by the continuing removal of Jews to Camps in other lands. When The Nazis came to round up the remaining inhabitants of the ghetto, they were met with resistance from the small force of armed Jews. The Revolt lasted for almost three weeks before being subdued.
Between the years of 1941 to 1945, the main destination for Jews to be transported was a concentration camp or death camp somewhere in Poland or Germany. In these camps, innocent Jews, along with Gypsies, Slavs, Jehovahís Witnesses,
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The Holocaust, Nazi Germany, The Holocaust in Germany, Genocides, Persecution of Jews, Responsibility for the Holocaust, Final Solution, Extermination camp, Aryanization, Nuremberg Laws, Kristallnacht, Holocaust train
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