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One of the most controversial political issues of today is that of illegal immigrants from Mexico. Illegal immigration into the United States is a problem that should be stopped, as it is unfair to both Americans and to the people of the country from which they illegally immigrated. It is thought that the majority of illegal aliens residing in the U.S. are Mexicans (Anderson 55). Roy Beck clarifies the situation by stating, “The national consensus is that the United States should be a post-mass immigration country has included most leaders of business, religion, labor, academia, and social work.” Illegal immigration from Mexico must be stopped by means of different policies and other methods of prevention, because the effects on both Mexico and the United States are predominately unfavorable.
There are multiple policies and means of preventing illegal immigrants from entering the United States. Immigration laws are the catalysts of illegal immigration prevention. Proposition 187 is a tough immigration law clamping down on illegal aliens, used in California, the state with the most illegal immigrants. It doubled the number of boarder guards, made it harder for legal immigrants to bring their families over, not permitting as much political asylum and was harder on illegal aliens already here (DiConsiglio 3). NAFTA, officially, hasn’t reduced as much illegal immigration as had been hoped, but, it helped Mexico recover faster from it’s economic crisis in ‘94-’95, which has stopped a larger flood of people, since most immigrants tend to come to the U.S. in times of Mexican economic depression (“Mexico” 2). The major reason Mexicans tend to illegally immigrate is to find jobs. Therefore, elimination of the chance of them getting a job would be a deterrent. A bill shown to the House, by California would let the employer enter a job applicant’s social security number over the phone to receive confirmation, of a person’s official citizenship (DeMott 31). That would work in conjunction with the need for proper documentation to be shown to employer for current verification of legal citizenship, limiting their job opportunities and thus discouraging them from ever illegally immigrating. The Border Patrol is the most effective and widely used form of prevention. It is an agency of Immigration and Naturalization, that is charged with detecting and preventing illegal passage to the U.S. between Mexico and America (Anderson 59). U.S. vigilance on “the line” causes more delays, higher risks and raised costs for the “jumpers.” More guards are forcing potential illegal aliens to lose money, by causing them to hire “coyotes” to smuggle them, losing possible wages, and paying for food and lodging (McDonnell 1-2). Jorge Compos, a 22 year old who has been caught trying to immigrate illegally multiple times, exclaimed that, “There’s migra (migration officers) on horses, on motorbikes, on foot, in Broncos. They’re everywhere.”
Illegal immigration impacts Mexico in many negative ways, by debasing it’s economy and leaving Mexico without much needed technically skilled professionals. Illegal immigrants cost Mexico heavily in terms of human capital. This decreases the amount of the work force, keeping some Mexican communities in poverty. Overall, illegal immigration usually leads to family discourse and larger social problems in Mexico (“Illegal” 1). Mexico’s successful professionals tend not to stay in Mexico; doctors and multiple others are leaving the country to take lower paying jobs in the U.S. (McDonnell 4). Julio Cesar, a Mexican citizen comments on this situation saying, “I think Mexico needs people to stay and build up this country.”
The United States takes on most of the shortfalls, that illegal immigration causes; having to deal with the abuse of social services by non-citizens, the taking of citizens’ jobs and the lowering of their wages and sinking of the common lifestyles, overall threatening the quality of life in certain communities. The majority of Americans, since the 1950’s, have been predominantly a working middle class, who have been used to an accustomed lifestyle (Beck 77). With all the illegal immigrants, there are surplus workers which means less jobs and more competition with workers for the lower pay brought about by the extra workmen. Thus, the jobs that helps produce the middle class lifestyles are taken and the middle class decreases. The lowering of wages has brought deteriorating lifestyles along as the size of middle class
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Demography, Human geography, Illegal immigration to the United States, Human migration, Population, Illegal immigration, Immigration to the United States, Immigration, California Proposition 187, United States Border Patrol, Economic impact of illegal immigrants in the United States, Immigration reform
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