Influence of Ancient Greek Times



Influence of Ancient Greek Times

All through history the Greeks have influenced our lives in more ways than most people could imagine. To this day we use many ideas and ways of life that the Greeks used thousands of years ago. "Everywhere Greek traders went, they took Greek ideas with them. People throughout the ancient world were influenced by Greek thought and culture." "Their greatness was largely the result of achievements of their artists, scientists, and philosophers." The Greeks developed the study of many sciences, including geography, botany, zoology, and geometry. The Greeks also deeply influenced architecture, art, science, philosophy, literature, organized sports, and government. Throughout Ancient Greek times they went through many "ages". Including the golden age and the Renaissance, in these times they produced many great and important people and playwrights that would enhance the arts of drama forever.
For many centuries, Greece was the center of the ancient world. Their military was mighty but it was not the reason they acquired all their power. Their idea of government started when several of their cities became so powerful they needed an organized way to run them. They had city-states which included the city itself and the land and small villages around it. "Although they did not have one central government, the people of the Greek city-states had a deep national pride. The Greeks spoke the same language, shared the same customs, and believed in the same gods. They had a

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deep love for their country and felt superior to the rest of the world. Most of the city-states built fleets of ships, and the Greeks became the most powerful traders in the Mediterranean making them over more brawny than before. Land owners, or nobles, gradually assumed more and more political power, this ended up charging the structure of government from monarchy to Oligarchy. The Greeks responded to this with growing demands for a voice from the government. Tyrants offered things to families in exchange for popular support. Their position was totally dependent upon the promises made to the people. The fact of government changed from oligarchy to democracy, a government that was perfected by the Greeks and is still in use today.
Of all the city-states, the two strongest were Sparta and Athens. Sparta was a military state. All the boys were trained to be soldiers, and all the children were taught to be physically tough. All men had to live in military barracks until they were thirty years old. Athens, on the other hand, became famous as an "artistic and cultural center." The architecture, drama, sculpture, and poetry produced in Athens are still admitted today. During the "Golden Age", Athens and other Greek cities produced their finest words or art. "It may be said that the cultural goal of that time was a combination of clarity simplicity, and proportion, motivated by high seriousness and dedicated to giving eternal validity to understanding of men and nature." Athenian culture reached its greatest time of development. This period is called the Age of Pericles, named the "brilliant statesman under whose guidance Athens flourished." Under his administration, the Acropolis was reconstructed after it being demolished by the Persians. In this period they made the Greek temples and civic buildings also. To recreate daily life, religion, and myth, sculpture and painting played a huge role.


The Greeks religion was polytheistic. Polytheistic means that the Greeks had many gods. The Gods of the Greeks were anthropomorphic, which meant that they
resembled man in appearance and character. They were superhuman in powers, but behaved as humans. It was easy to tell the difference between the more important gods and the not so important one because of the way they portrayed them. The way they worshipped their gods varied widely. "The adventures of the gods and their relationship with each other and with mortals formed a rich body of mythology. Delphi was the
holiest Greek city. It had a magnificent temple dedicated to the god Apollo and a famous oracle. Myth, in turn, became identified with spiritual and moral tenets, and functioned often to explain to the Greeks the phenomena of their physical world", such as fire and rain. Eventually, Greek drama came to have a religious function, and keeping with the function of the drama,