ireland



IRELAND

Introduction
On my cover page I have chosen to represent Ireland by using the 5 symbols such as: 1. Flag 2. country form 3. Picture of land 4. Puffin bird and 5. Leprechaun and gold. The flag is colored green, white and orange, which the green stripe stands for those of the native Irish descents, the orange stripe represents the descendants of 17th Century British Colonists and the white stripe is for the hope and peace between the two groups. The brown form is drawn in the shape of the country Ireland and the brown represents the hills and mountains. I chose to drawn the puffin bird, because it is the national bird of Ireland. It is a black bird with a white breast and a multi-colored beak, it is found nesting along the rocky ledges of Ireland. The scenic picture shows the peacefulness of the land with a symbolic house and the beautiful blue rivers that Ireland is known for. The final symbol is the leprechaun with his gold. Ireland is known as the "Land of the Leprechaun" and that is the reason the fairy tales began there.

Geography
Ireland is an island located in the western North Atlantic Ocean, the area covers 27,136 square miles and its population is estimated at 3,500,000. The bordering countries are Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland. It is smaller than Scotland and made up of smaller islands off the coast. There are many hills, plateaus, mountains, plains and lowlands. The lowlands and plains are mainly covered with farms, pastures and old lakes form peat bogs.


Climate
Ireland is known for its rainy weather and it can rain for most of the year in some parts of the country. Due to the position of Ireland off the sea, the average temperature in the summer is cool, while the winter is mild. The weather in Ireland is milder than other countries. Snow falls only on a few days in winter and melts very quickly, because of the North Atlantic current. The coldest temperature averages 30 to 40 degrees Fahrenheit. The warmest month is July with a temperature averaging at 65 degrees Fahrenheit. Ireland’s dampness, fog and rain make the country lush and green.

Resources, Industry and Products
Ireland has recently discovered zinc and copper, which had opened up new mining resources. The country has few mineral resources such as iron, barites, lead and silver. There are some gypsum, marble, limestone, flagstone and slate also found. The government has invested in some oil refining, shipbuilding, and manufactures fertilizers.

Sugar beets are grown locally and the sugar industry has developed because of the crop. Other crops they grow are oats, potatoes, barley, wheat and turnips. Other industries and products include bread, biscuits, textiles, clothing, whisky, metal products, paper and paper products. The chief exports are livestock, foodstuffs, beverages, tobacco and clothing. Tourism and travel have also contributed to the economy. The Irish economy has been based on agriculture, but in recent years many new industries have been developed.


People, Religion and Race
The population is over 3.6 million and the highest percent of people are Roman Catholic with a small amount of the people belonging to the Anglican Church. The rest are various Christian and Non-Christian beliefs. Religion is a very important role in their cultural and political history. The Constitution of Ireland guarantees freedom of worship to all religions. The people are usually Celts, but there are Norse, French Normans, Scots and English in the country as well. Many people are returning to Ireland from the United States or the U.K. to secure employment. The Irish are easygoing, lighthearted, good-humored, polite and cheerful.



Interesting Facts
The official name of the country is Ireland and called Eire in Gaelic and often called the Emerald Isle. The capital city is Dublin and the national anthem is “The Soldier’s Song”. The Irish are very sports oriented and the two national pastimes are football and hurling (soccer-type with wooden sticks and small leather ball). Rugby, sailing, cycling, golf, and horse racing are also favorite activities. Ireland has a strong tradition for music and song originating back thousands of years.


Reaction
Since my ancestors are from Ireland on my Dads side, it is very interesting to write on my culture, nationality and their background. I find it to