is rape motivated by sex





Introduction
Rape is not a new phenomenon. The act of forcing someone to engage in sex against his or her will dates back many years. However, the motivation behind it has remained a controversy. Though it seems that rapists are after sex, the argument that violence is predominantly behind rape has, in recent times, become a widely held view.
It is estimated that 371 out of 100,000 women will become the victims of rape each year. Incidences can reach as high as one-in-four when attempted rape and coercion are also considered. This number does not take into account rapes that go unreported. The underreporting of this crime is a result of a number of reasons that are related to the ways in which rape is perceived and defined. The definition of rape is very important when asking “Is rape motivated by sex”. If it is defined as one person forcing another into unwanted sexual intercourse with him or her, the idea that sex is the motive, is valid. On the other hand, if it is defined as simply a sexual violation of a person, other behaviors, such as rape with objects, can be taken into account and provide validity to the argument that rape is a crime of violence.

Statement of the Question
“Is Rape Motivated by Sex?”

“Yes” Answers
The need for sex has long been considered a natural human necessity. Human beings have an innate drive to reproduce. Rape has evolved over millennia of human history, along with courtship, sexual attraction and other behaviors related to the production of offspring. In seventeenth – century Holland, women even married their rapists, who sometimes raped the objects of their affection.
Men are more likely to act on these feelings, which is why men rapists outnumber women rapists. Sex is a stronger urge in men. Men typically won’t pass up a chance for sex. It is an urge that is primal. There are occurrences of rape by male animals that include insects, birds, fishes, etc… This is evidence of the biological factor in the need for sex and consequently, rape.
The most common type of rape is acquaintance rape. Acquaintance rape that involves some degree of relationship accounts for between 80% and 90% of all rapes. Rapists whose motives lie in sex, will almost always turn to someone they know rather than rape a stranger. Also, in the rapist’s mind, the rape might be considered a seduction. This suggests that these sexual situations are the result of misunderstandings, rather than a man’s intentional desire to hurt a woman. Here, the issue of gender-roles becomes relevant. For men to fulfill the role expected of them by society, they must be dominant, powerful, sexually aggressive, and able to gain sexual access to reluctant women. According to this theory, rape is seen as an extreme extension of traditional gender roles and male – female sexual interaction, not as deviant or pathological behavior. So, rape is also an extension of the social expectations behind sex.
Rapes appear to have an additional dimension, namely that of feeling entitled to instant gratification and release of sexual energies. Sex is like a luxury because it feels good. It is accessible to people of all socio-economic statuses, ages, and races, and thus the occurrence of rape is frequent. It appears that children and adolescents who have no adult supervision after school, no sporting activities, clubs or political movements, to keep themselves occupied, turn to sex as a stimulant. Adolescent boys flippantly explain why they raped their sisters, cousins or brothers as simply because they wanted to see what sex was like. So, yes, rape is motivated by sex.

“No” Answers
Rape is a crime of violence with some use of genitalia, but the violence is the greater part of it. It is a crime that stigmatizes the victim. Half the victims of rape never fully recover and suffer lifelong chronic depression. This can be likened to the feelings of victims who experienced other violent crimes such as beatings and attempted murder. The perpetrators of these crimes act out of hostility not out of sexual desire. For example, on March 1, 1989, a retarded seventeen- year old girl was gang raped by a group of popular student athletes. Four boys rammed a broomstick, baseball