Lorca

Comparison of two poems written by Federico Garcia Lorca.

BIOGRAPHY
Federico Garcia Lorca was born into an educated bourgeois family in Fuente Vaqueros, in Andalusia, Spain, in 1898. His mother was a teacher and his father a rich farm labourer. He read literature and music at Granada University and in 1919, at the age of 21, he published his first book, Impresiones y Paisaijes, that was inspired by a trip around Spain that he took as part of his degree. That year, Lorca went to Madrid to continue with his studies. He moved into the Residence of Scholars (residencia de estudiantes), a liberal institution that taught according to the social, political and religious philosophies of Krause. Their view of religion gave way to what is called pantheism, which is a perspective Lorca embraced in his work. The importance of the residencia in shaping a generation of writers and poets that became known as the Generation of \'27 cannot be underestimated. All the latest innovations in the arts were discussed and debated within the walls of this institution and its students included names as

was a had a profound affect on Lorca\'s generation, where he would meet and make good friends with the famous Spanish poets, Juan Ramon Jimenez (born in Huelva in 1881-1958), Emilio Prados (born in Malaga in 1899-1962), Rafael Alberti (1902-present) and Jorge Guillen (1893-1984), as well as the famous Surrealist artist, Salvador Dali (born in 1904 in Figueras), to whom he would write an ode in 1926, and Luis Bunuel (born in 1900 in Teruel), among others. Through his friends at the Residencia he soon got to know a number of other poets with whom he also shared a bond in terms of friendship and ideological leanings and who have since been given many names including that of "La Generacion del \'27" (The Generation of \'27). This group, or generation includes his friends Prados, Alberti and Guillen, as well as Pedro Salinas, Gerardo Diego, Damaso Alonso, Vicente Aleixandre, Luis Cernuda and Manuel Altolaguirre. Of these, Lorca\'s poetry has most often been compared with that of Rafael Alberti.

Lorca was a prodigious artist, poet and playwright; his first play, El Maleficio de la Mariposa (The Butterfly\'s Evil Spell), premiered in 1920 and his first book of poems, Libro de Poemas (Book of Poems), was published the following year, although neither of these initially received the acclaim that his later works would. In November 1921 he wrote Poema del Cante Jondo, which would not be published until a decade later, in 1931. Similarly, his book Canciones (Songs), written that same year, would not be published until 1927 nor would Primeras Canciones (First Songs), written in 1922, be published until 1935. In 1927, along with the publication of Canciones, his play, Mariana Pineda, successfully premiered and he also finished a collection of poems called the Romancero Gitano (The Gypsy Ballads), which earned him critical acclaim when it was published the following year, in 1928. These are generally considered to fall into the category of his early works, but are not considered to be any less valuable than pieces he wrote afterwards, indeed they showed great artistic ability. It is interesting that Lorca initially placed a greater emphasis on his poetry then on his dramaturgy, which would become his defining medium.

Between 1929 and 1930, Lorca lived in New York as a lecturer at Columbia University; the city inspired a new collection of poems called Poeta en Nueva York (Poet in New York), that is considered by some critics to be a transitional piece of work, and was published in Mexico posthumously. While in America, he also visited Cuba. When he returned to Spain in 1930 Lorca wrote the play La Zapatera Prodigiosa (The Shoemaker\'s Prodigious Wife), as well scenes for two new plays, El Publico (The Public) and Asi Que Pasen Cinco Anos (Once Five Years Pass), thereby initiating a new and more mature phase that, until his death in 1936, placed a greater emphasis on his skills as a playwright. In 1931 Spain was declared a republic for the second time, and as a result of his friendship with the then Ministro de Instruccion Publica, a man named Fernando de los Rios, Lorca was asked to put a theatre group together for the university, which